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  • Report  |   2011

    Guide to Measure the Time Required For the Release of Goods

    Author(s): World Customs Organization

    The WCO Time Release Study (TRS) is a unique tool and method for measuring the actual performance of Customs activities as they directly relate to trade facilitation at the border. The TRS thereby measures relevant aspects of the effectiveness of operational procedures that are carried out by Customs and other regulatory actors in the standard...

  • Report  |   2014

    A Review of International Legal Instruments: Facilitation of Transport and Trade in Africa, Second Edition

    Author(s): de Matons, Jean Grosdidier

    This is the second edition of the 2003 paper entitled "Facilitation of transport and trade in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review of international legal instruments — Treaties, conventions, protocols, decisions, directives.", developed as part of the SSATP program. Three major reasons motivated this update and an expansion of its scope. First...

  • Report  |   2017

    Implications of Big Data for Customs- How It Can Support Risk Management Capabilities

    Author(s): Okazaki, Yotaro

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the implications of Big Data for Customs, particularly in terms of risk management. To ensure that better informed and smarter decisions are taken, some Customs administrations have already embarked on big data initiatives, leveraging the power of analytics, ensuring the quality of data (regarding cargos,...

  • Report  |   2012

    Collaborative Border Management: A New Approach to an Old Problem

    Author(s): McLinden, Gerard

    Border clearance processes are among the most problematic links in the global supply chain and frequently undermine national competitiveness by increasing the cost of exports and reducing reliability of supply. As a result, securing meaningful reform of border management procedures has become an important issue for the development community....

  • Report  |   2016

    Latin America Regional Report on Improving Transit Cooperation, Trade and Trade Facilitation for the Benefit of the Landlocked Developing Countries – Current Status and Policy Implications

    Author(s): United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States

    This report reviews the transit cooperation, transport infrastructure and trade facilitation issues facing LLDCs in the Latin America Region. The report identifies key achievements, remaining challenges and policy recommendations to address the transit related issues and challenges for the successful implementation of the Vienna Programme of...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade Facilitation in Asia and the Pacific, Studies in Trade, Investment and Innovation

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    The simplification and digitalization of trade procedures, or digital trade facilitation, is essential to reducing trade costs for developing economies and enabling them to effectively use trade as an engine of growth and sustainable development. Trade facilitation has taken increasing importance as evidenced by the entry into force of the World...

  • Report  |   2010

    Enhancing Regional Integration of Landlocked Developing Countries in North and Central Asia Through Infrastructure Connectivity

    Author(s): Handjiski, Borko ; Lucas, Robert ; Martin, Philip ; Guerin, Selen Sarisoy

    Countries of the Southeast Europe (SEE) region have witnessed significant economic improvement since the beginning of their transition to market economies in the early 1990s. Growth has been particularly strong in the past six years, but still lower than in other fast growing countries in the East Asia and Baltic regions, or some of the other new...

  • Report  |   2015

    Introduction: Borders, Informality, International Trade and Customs

    Author(s): Cantens, Thomas ; Ireland, Robert ; Raballand, Gael

    This special issue deals with the “informal” cross-border trade in goods. Trading goods is an original human activity that precedes borders (Renfrew 1969). With the rise of nation-stateswith demarcated political boundaries, trade that crosses borders became regulated by government institutions such as Customs, with tariffs, quotas, or outright...

  • Report  |   2015

    Indicators to Monitor Deeper Regional Trade Integration in Africa

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Stronger regional integration has been a policy priority in Africa for several decades. Closer trade links with neighboring countries promise to stabilize food markets, enhance profitable exchanges in light manufactures, reduce consumer prices, and help develop regional production networks. However, the implementation of existing integration...

  • Report  |   2014

    Improving Trade and Transport for Landlocked Developing Countries: A Ten-Year Review

    Author(s): Dairabayeva, Karlygash Serikovna

    Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) are completely dependent on their transit neighbors' infrastructure and administrative procedures to transport their goods to port. This publication provides a comprehensive ten-year review in order to assess the progress made in improving access of LLDCs to global markets, identify the remaining...

  • Report  |   2015

    The Impacts of Trade Facilitation Measures on International Trade Flows

    Author(s): de Sá Porto, Paulo C. ; Canuto, Otaviano ; Morini, Cristiano

    This paper analyzes the impacts of selected trade facilitation measures on international trade flows. A gravity model is used to estimate four equations: a pooled cross-section model; a fixed-effects model; a random effects model; and a Poisson maximum likelihood estimator. The contribution of the paper is twofold. First, the analysis uses a...

  • Report  |   2008

    Trade and Transport Facilitation in South Asia: Systems in Transition, Volume 1. Summary and Main Report

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Over the past few decades, the World trading system has become increasingly more open. Tariff rates have been reduced and quantitative restrictions (quotas) have been progressively eliminated, e.g., the Multi-Fiber Agreement (MFA). Most countries have adopted more outward-looking economic policies, seeking to increase growth and employment...

  • Report  |   2007

    Institutional Arrangements for Transport Corridor Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Author(s): Adzibgey, Yao ; Kunaka, Charles ; Mitiku, Tesfamichael Nahusenay

    Corridor efficiency is important to the competitiveness of most of the African economies, especially those that are landlocked. Corridors can be defined as a collection of routes linking several economic centers, countries and ports. While some are only road transport corridors, most of them include more than one mode of transport. The Sub-...

  • Report  |   2014

    ECO Regular Monitoring of Trucks/NELTI 3- Final Report

    Author(s): International Road Transport Union ; Economic Cooperation Organization

    Based on the analysis of data collected in 2011-2012 on road transport conditions for commercial cargo deliveries in all 10 ECO Member States, the “ECO Regular Monitoring of Trucks/NELTI-3”. Final Report identifies specific barriers in the ECO region that impede road transport from playing its key role in society. The report notably reveals that...

  • Presentation  |   2014

    Practice on TRS Software

    Author(s): Katsu, Shigeaki

    The Trade and Transport Facilitation Monitoring Mechanism (TTFMM) National Training Workshop for Bangladesh included participants from the National Board of Revenue, Ministry of Communication, Ministry of Commerce and other relevant agencies. It provided detailed training in the integrated methodologies of (i) business process analysis (BPA), (ii...

  • Report  |   2006

    Economic Cooperation in the Wider Central Asia Region

    Author(s): Byrd, William ; Raiser, Martin

    This paper lays out the big issues that affect regional cooperation and development in the wider Central Asia region, and analyzes in greater detail areas where there appear to be good prospects for progress in the short run. The paper develops a framework for approaching regional cooperation in the wider Central Asia region, based on identifying...

  • Report  |   2013

    State of Logistics Indonesia 2013

    Author(s): Bahagia, Ir. Senator Nur ; Sandee, Henry ; Meeuws, Rene

    Indonesia is the world largest archipelagic country consisting of more than 17,000 islands spread over more than 5,000 kilometers from west to east. The land area is 1,860,360 km² and the sea area 5,800,000 km² with a total of 81,000 km of coastal line. The population is more than 237 million (2010). The population density is 124 inhabitants per...

  • Report  |   2012

    Borderless Bazaars and Regional Integration in Central Asia: Emerging Patterns of Trade and Cross-Border Cooperation

    Author(s): Kaminski, Bartlomiej ; Mitra, Saumya

    Local populations' economic opportunities can be enhanced through special arrangements governing movement of people and goods in neighboring areas. For instance, in the Tajikistan-Uzbekistan border-crossing points (BCPs), preferential treatment accorded to residents in contiguous regions varies from one BCP to another, even within one...

  • Report  |   2011

    Connecting Landlocked Developing Countries to Markets: Trade Corridors in the 21st Century

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean Francois ; Carruthers, Robin C. ; Smith, Graham ; Willoughby, Christopher

    The importance of transport corridors for trade and development, including for some of the poorest countries in the world, is widely recognized in this book. A new consensus has also emerged that reducing trade costs and improving access to corridors is not just a matter of building infrastructure. The policies that regulate transport services...

  • Report  |   2009

    The Potential of Regional Power Sector Integration: South African Power Pool Transmission and Trading Case Study

    Author(s): Economic Consulting Associates

    Developing countries are increasingly pursuing and benefitting from regional power system integration (RPSI) as an important strategy to help provide reliable, affordable electricity to their economies and citizens. Increased electricity cooperation and trade between countries can enhance energy security, bring economies-of-scale in investments,...

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