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  • Book  |   August 2018

    The Web of Transport Corridors in South Asia

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank ; UKAID / Department of International Development (DfID) ; JICA ; World Bank Group

    This report develops a holistic appraisal methodology to ensure that economic benefits of investments in transport corridors are amplified and more widely spread, and possible negative impacts such as congestion, environmental degradation, and other unintended consequences are minimized. It focuses on South Asia—not only as one of the world’s...

  • Report  |   2012

    Collaborative Border Management: A New Approach to an Old Problem

    Author(s): McLinden, Gerard

    Border clearance processes are among the most problematic links in the global supply chain and frequently undermine national competitiveness by increasing the cost of exports and reducing reliability of supply. As a result, securing meaningful reform of border management procedures has become an important issue for the development community....

  • Report  |   2017

    Implications of Big Data for Customs- How It Can Support Risk Management Capabilities

    Author(s): Okazaki, Yotaro

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the implications of Big Data for Customs, particularly in terms of risk management. To ensure that better informed and smarter decisions are taken, some Customs administrations have already embarked on big data initiatives, leveraging the power of analytics, ensuring the quality of data (regarding cargos,...

  • Report  |   2018

    Co-deployment of Optical Fibre Cables Along the Asian Highways and Trans-Asian Railways for E-resilience: The Cases of India and Bangladesh

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    How to develop ICT infrastructure, in particular fibre-optic cables, in a cost-efficient manner is a perennial challenge ICT policy- and decision-makers face across the globe. The high costs associated with construction and maintenance of fibre-optic cables are often passed onto users, which has led to unaffordable Internet and broadband services...

  • Report  |   2014

    A Review of International Legal Instruments: Facilitation of Transport and Trade in Africa, Second Edition

    Author(s): de Matons, Jean Grosdidier

    This is the second edition of the 2003 paper entitled "Facilitation of transport and trade in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review of international legal instruments — Treaties, conventions, protocols, decisions, directives.", developed as part of the SSATP program. Three major reasons motivated this update and an expansion of its scope. First...

  • Report  |   2017

    Maximising Availability of International Connectivity in Developing Countries: Strategies to Ensure Global Digital Inclusion

    Author(s): International Telecommunication Union

    This report aims to build awareness of the challenges and strategies for improving international connectivity, and to consider some potential options for promoting increased local, regional and global collaboration to further this objective. In this respect, the report aims to inform the international development community as well as national...

  • Report  |   2017

    Effect of Open International Gateways on the Broadband Connectivity Market

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    Information and communications technology (ICT) has been the driving force behind game-changing innovations and socioeconomic transformations, which are shaping our economy and society at multiple levels. New technological advancements, such as artificial intelligence, have been transforming the manufacturing and service sectors, and have ushered...

  • Report  |   2017

    Regional Cooperation Framework for the Facilitation of International Railway Transport

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    Growing intraregional trade, on the one hand, and increasing concerns about energy security and the adverse effects of transport on the environment, on the other, has made the countries of the Asia-Pacific region more appreciative of the role of railways as an efficient, safe and environmentally sound mode of transport. The entry into force of...

  • Report  |   2014

    Institutional Arrangements for the Promotion of Regional Integration of Electricity Markets: International Experience

    Author(s): Oseni, Musiliu O. ; Pollitt, Michael G.

    This paper focuses on the institutional arrangements needed for facilitating regional electricity cooperation. The paper begins by discussing the theory of international trade cooperation in electricity, with a view to discussing what preconditions might be important in facilitating wide area trading across national borders. It then discusses two...

  • Report  |   2017

    Time, Uncertainty, and Trade Flows

    Author(s): Anson, Jose ; Arvis, Jean-Francois ; Boffa, Mauro ; Helble, Matthias ; Shepherd, Benjamin

    This paper quantifies the impact of international transport time on bilateral trade flows in goods using previously unexploited information drawn from a large dataset on international parcel delivery times. In line with previous work, we find that an extra day spent in international transit reduces bilateral trade by just under one percent at the...

  • Report  |   2013

    Study on International Internet Connectivity in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Author(s): International Telecommunication Union

    This report analyses the various actors in the provision of Internet connection and the role played by each one, as well as the bottlenecks that can lead to inefficiencies and associated costs in the sub-Saharan Africa. It also sets out concrete recommendations to enable conditions for healthy and dynamic competition in the market as well as for...

  • Report  |   2017

    International Technology Transfer Measures in an Interconnected World: Lessons and Policy Implications

    Author(s): Kowalski, Przemyslaw ; Rabaioli, Daniel ; Vallejo, Sebastian

    The aim of this paper is to inform the ongoing debate on the policies being used to encourage international technology transfer (ITT) and, of these, which have the potential to distort trade or investment and which may effectively promote ITT. The paper develops a first-cut approach to cataloguing ITT-related measures across countries. Following...

  • Report  |   2016

    Africa Regional Report on Improving Transit Cooperation, Trade and Trade Facilitation for the Benefit of the Landlocked Developing Countries – Current Status and Policy Implications

    Author(s): United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States

    This report reviews the status of transit issues in the region under four key thematic areas (i) the legal framework for transit cooperation, (ii) transit infrastructure development, (iii) international trade, trade facilitation, customs and border crossing procedures, and (iv) means of implementation. The report also identifies key successful...

  • Report  |   2017

    International Trade Consequences of Climate Change

    Author(s): Dellink, Rob ; Lanzi, Elisa ; Chateau, Jean ; Hyunjeong, Hwang

    This report provides an analysis of how climate change damages may affect international trade in the coming decades and how international trade can help limit the costs of climate change. It analyses the impacts of climate change on trade considering both direct effects on infrastructure and transport routes and the indirect economic impacts...

  • Report  |   2016

    Updated Analysis of the Broadband Infrastructure in Asia Pacific

    Author(s): Ruddy, Michael

    This working paper aims to provide data and update analysis on broadband connectivity, specifically in the area of broadband and telephony markets, domestic and international Internet connectivity as well as international bandwidth among 27 ESCAP member countries, namely Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, the...

  • Presentation  |   2017

    Pan-Asian Connectivity: Leveraging Linear Infrastructure for Improved International Bandwidth

    Author(s): Ruddy, Michael

    An examination of the weak international telecommunications infrastructure in many Asian markets and the developmental impact of low international bandwidth, the drivers of bandwidth demand, and strategies to ensure successful network development including the leveraging of linear infrastructure for fiber deployment. ICT Ruddy, Michael Download...

  • Report  |   2015

    A New Digital Trade Agenda

    Author(s): Meltzer, Joshua Paul

    The globalization of the Internet and the ability to move data across borders underpins an increasing amount of international trade. What constitutes digital trade is potentially very broad. It can include the use of the Internet to search for products, purchase them, and in the case of digital goods, deliver them online. In an international...

  • Report  |   2015

    Introduction: Borders, Informality, International Trade and Customs

    Author(s): Cantens, Thomas ; Ireland, Robert ; Raballand, Gael

    This special issue deals with the “informal” cross-border trade in goods. Trading goods is an original human activity that precedes borders (Renfrew 1969). With the rise of nation-stateswith demarcated political boundaries, trade that crosses borders became regulated by government institutions such as Customs, with tariffs, quotas, or outright...

  • Presentation  |   2017

    Towards Better Measurement of E-commerce Flows and Readiness

    Author(s): Ansón, José

    This session will put the spotlight on data and the importance of having accurate, reliable and timely statistics to inform policy makers. It will describe the indicators that are currently available and it will invite and discuss key recommendations on what needs to be done to improve data availability, especially in developing countries. The...

  • Report  |   2017

    Aid for Trade at a Glance 2017: Promoting Trade, Inclusiveness and Connectivity for Sustainable Development

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; World Trade Organization

    This edition of Aid for Trade at a Glance focuses on trade connectivity, which is critical for economic growth, inclusiveness and sustainable development. Physical connectivity enables the movement of goods and services to local, regional and global markets. It is closely intertwined with digital connectivity which is vital in today’s trade...

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