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Report | 2016
Road Freight Transport Services Reform: Guiding Principles for Practitioners and Policy Makers
Author(s): Tanase, Virginia ; Kunaka, Charles ; Paustian, Nina ; Philipp, Patrick
Cost-effective and high quality transport systems are key to modern logistics. Their role can only be expected to grow even as the global economy goes through profound transformation in terms of how, where and when goods are produced or distributed. In many economies and at many different geographical scales, road transport remains the...
Report | 2008
Lessons of Corridor Performance Measurement
Author(s): Raballand, Gael ; Marteau, Jean-Francois ; Kunaka, Charles ; Kabanguka, Jean-Kizito ; Hartmann, Olivier
This paper aims at presenting the methodological lessons of corridor performance measurement carried out in Africa. Based on current experience, the authors conclude that, while road drivers' trip diaries may be useful, the core of monitoring activities should mostly rely on existing consolidated data (customs and port data) and limited...
Policy Brief | 2015
SAR Connect: The Security and Trade Facilitation Nexus: Options for South Asian Countries
Author(s): Kerswell, Clayton Bryant ; Kunaka, Charles
Depending on the nature of the threat and the type of transaction and transport, the ability to profile risk and the type of potential risk-mitigation intervention will be different. If the predominant risk is economic (undervaluation, for instance), a certain set of transactional data can help profile and identify high-risk targets. In such...
Report | 2014
Reviving Trade Routes: Evidence from the Maputo Corridor
Author(s): Sequeira, Sandra ; Hartmann, Olivier ; Kunaka, Charles
This report draws on the successes and failures of the Maputo Corridor in Africa, and informs readers on the challenges of private sector participation in the corridor transport systems and the associated policy reforms required to improve corridor efficiency. Trade Transport Sequeira, Sandra; Hartmann, Olivier; Kunaka, Charles Download PDF World...
Report | 2014
Integrating Border Regions: Connectivity and Competitiveness in South Asia
Author(s): Cali, Massimiliano ; Farole, Thomas ; Kunaka, Charles ; Wagle, Swarnim
Deeper regional integration can be beneficial especially for regions along international borders. It can open up new markets on opposite sides of borders and give consumers wider access to cheaper goods. This paper uses data from five contiguous districts of India, Nepal, and Bangladesh in the northeast of the subcontinent to measure the degrees...
Report | 2013
Quantitative Analysis of Road Transport Agreements (QuARTA)
Author(s): Kunaka, Charles ; Tanase, Virginia ; Latrille, Pierre ; Krausz, Peter
Road freight transport is indispensable to international economic cooperation and foreign trade. Across all continents, it is commonly used for short and medium distances and in long distance haulage when minimizing time is important. In all instances governments play a critical role in ensuring the competitive advantage of private sector...
Report | 2014
Trade and Transport Corridor Management Toolkit
Author(s): Carruthers, Robin ; Kunaka, Charles
A trade and transport corridor is a coordinated bundle of transport and logistics infrastructure and services that facilitates trade and transport flows between major centers of economic activity. Providing a comprehensive guide to tools and techniques for corridor projects is important, as the volume of such projects is likely to increase....
Report | 2018
Connectivity Along Overland Corridors of the Belt and Road Initiative
Author(s): Kunaka, Charles ; Liu, Xingjian ; Derudder, Ben
The six land corridors that are the ‘Belt’ part of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) connect more than sixty countries. As the initiative progresses, policy makers, analysts and researchers are trying to answer a few open questions of which the most common are: How can a country best benefit from the BRI? How should projects be prioritized and...
Report | 2011
Logistics in Lagging Regions: Overcoming Local Barriers to Global Connectivity
Author(s): Kunaka, Charles
This report is based on two case studies carried out in Brazil and India on the impact of various strategies to reduce the cost of trade for small-scale producers. Small scale producers especially those located in lagging regions in developing countries lack easy access to efficient logistics services. They are faced with long distances from both...
Report | 2007
Institutional Arrangements for Transport Corridor Management in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author(s): Adzibgey, Yao ; Kunaka, Charles ; Mitiku, Tesfamichael Nahusenay
Corridor efficiency is important to the competitiveness of most of the African economies, especially those that are landlocked. Corridors can be defined as a collection of routes linking several economic centers, countries and ports. While some are only road transport corridors, most of them include more than one mode of transport. The Sub-...
Report | 2017
How Does Port Efficiency Affect Maritime Transport Costs and Trade?: Evidence from Indian and Western Pacific Ocean Countries
Author(s): Herrera Dappe, Matias ; Jooste, Charl ; Suarez Aleman, Ancor
Would improvements in port performance increase trade in countries on the Indian and Western Pacific Oceans? Previous studies attempted to answer this question using ad hoc measures of port efficiency that do not control for the actual use of port assets or measures that can be very noisy. To avoid these problems, this paper builds a measure of...
Report | 2014
Ready for Takeoff? The Potential for Low-Cost Carriers in Developing Countries
Author(s): Schlumberger, Charles E. ; Weisskopf, Nora
The emergence of low-cost carriers (LCCs) has been a key catalyst for the development of the aviation industry in the last decade. Indeed, extensive research has been undertaken to analyze the business model and impact on the aviation sector and beyond. Despite recent developments in the LCC markets in Asia and Latin America, much of the research...
Report | 2011
Border Management Modernization
Author(s): Doyle, Tom ; Fanta Ivanovic, Enrique ; McLinden, Gerard ; Widdowson, David Charles
This book provides border management policymakers and reformers with a broad survey of key developments in and principles for improving trade facilitation through better border management, including practical advice on particular issues. In contrast to the traditional border management reform agenda, with its focus on improving customs operations...