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Report | 2014
Institutional Arrangements for the Promotion of Regional Integration of Electricity Markets: International Experience
Author(s): Oseni, Musiliu O. ; Pollitt, Michael G.
This paper focuses on the institutional arrangements needed for facilitating regional electricity cooperation. The paper begins by discussing the theory of international trade cooperation in electricity, with a view to discussing what preconditions might be important in facilitating wide area trading across national borders. It then discusses two...
Report | 2011
Africa's ICT Infrastructure: Building on the Mobile Revolution
Author(s): Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia M. ; Foster, Vivien ; Mayer, Rebecca ; Minges, Michael ; Williams, Mark D. J.
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been a remarkable success in Africa. Across the continent, the availability and quality of service have gone up and the cost has gone down. In just 10 years dating from the end of the 1990s mobile network coverage rose from 16 percent to 90 percent of the urban population; by 2009, rural...