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  • Report  |   2016

    The Impact of China on Europe and Central Asia

    Author(s): Timmer, Hans ; Bussolo, Maurizio ; Gould, David Michael ; Letelier, Raquel Alejandra ; Nguyen, Tu Chi ; Panterov, Georgi Lyudmilov ; Shaw, William ; Ushakova, Ekaterina ; Burns, Andrew ; Izvorski, Ivailo V. ; Pigato, Miria A. ; Sanchez, Carolina

    The economies of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) are facing complex challenges. In the eastern part of the region the task of governments is to orchestrate a coordinated crisis response. The collapse of oil revenues and the associated decline in remittances triggered a chain reaction of shocks. Adjustment to these shocks requires a new monetary...

  • Report  |   2018

    Multidimensional Connectivity: Benefits, Risks, and Policy Implications for Europe and Central Asia

    Author(s): Gould, David ; Kenett, Dror Y. ; Panterov, Georgi

    International connections through trade, foreign direct investment, migration, the Internet, and other channels are critical for the transmission of knowledge and growth and form macroeconomic linkages. But how much knowledge is transmitted to a country is not only the result of the overall level of connectivity, but also to whom a country is...

  • Report  |   2016

    The Provision of Satellite Broadband Services in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Author(s): Wagner, Wolfgang ; Brazil David, Renata ; García Zaballos, Antonio

    Access to information communications technologies (ICTs), in particular broadband, is critical for sustainable development. Increased access to broadband isolated communities in developing countries can facilitate obtainability of education, healthcare, and commercial services. To provide universal access to broadband it is necessary to look...

  • Report  |   2018

    Funding and Financing Infrastructure: The Joint Use of Public and Private Finance

    Author(s): Fay, Marianne ; Martimort, David ; Straub, Stephane

    The paper addresses the issue of the feasible level of private finance in a contracting model of infrastructure finding and financing. It characterizes the structure of financial contracts, deriving the conditions under which both public and private finance coexist. A key feature is that access to outside finance and the regulatory decision on...

  • Report  |   2018

    Connective Financing: Chinese Infrastructure Projects and the Diffusion of Economic Activity in Developing Countries

    Author(s): Bluhm, Richard ; Dreher, Axel ; Fuchs, Andreas ; Parks, Bradley ; Strange, Austin ; Tierney, Michael

    How do development projects influence the geographic distribution of economic activity within low-income and middle-income countries? Existing research focuses on the effects of Western development projects on inter-personal inequality and inequality across different subnational regions. However, China has recently become a major financier of...

  • Report  |   2014

    ICTs for Regional Trade and Integration in Africa

    Author(s): Souter, David ; Adam, Lishan ; Jagun, Abiodun ; Tusubira, Tusu

    Trade is critically important to Africa's economic prospects, as a source of revenue, investment and employment, yet Africa's trade is highly fragmented and the weakness of its trade performance constrains growth and poverty reduction. Africa today generates only about 2.5-3.5 per cent of world trade. African countries mostly export...

  • Report  |   2015

    Cross-Border Electricity Cooperation in South Asia

    Author(s): Singh, Anoop ; Jamasb, Tooraj ; Nepal, Rabindra ; Toman, Michael A.

    South Asian countries, facing challenges in efficiently meeting growing electricity demand, can benefit from increased cross-border electricity cooperation and trade by harnessing complementarities in electricity demand patterns, diversity in resource endowments for power generation, and gains from larger market access. The region has witnessed...

  • Report  |   2016

    Updated Analysis of the Broadband Infrastructure in Asia Pacific

    Author(s): Ruddy, Michael

    This working paper aims to provide data and update analysis on broadband connectivity, specifically in the area of broadband and telephony markets, domestic and international Internet connectivity as well as international bandwidth among 27 ESCAP member countries, namely Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, the...

  • Report  |   2011

    Border Management Modernization

    Author(s): Doyle, Tom ; Fanta Ivanovic, Enrique ; McLinden, Gerard ; Widdowson, David Charles

    This book provides border management policymakers and reformers with a broad survey of key developments in and principles for improving trade facilitation through better border management, including practical advice on particular issues. In contrast to the traditional border management reform agenda, with its focus on improving customs operations...

  • Report  |   2015

    How Much Could South Asia Benefit from Regional Electricity Cooperation and Trade?

    Author(s): Timilsina, Govinda R. ; Toman, Michael A. ; Karacsonyi, Jorge G. ; de Tena Diego, Luca

    The South Asia region is lagging behind many regions in the world in regional electricity cooperation and trading, despite the huge anticipated benefits. This study uses an electricity planning model that produces optimal expansion of electricity generation capacities and transmission interconnections in the long-term to quantify the benefits of...

  • Report  |   2014

    Institutional Arrangements for the Promotion of Regional Integration of Electricity Markets: International Experience

    Author(s): Oseni, Musiliu O. ; Pollitt, Michael G.

    This paper focuses on the institutional arrangements needed for facilitating regional electricity cooperation. The paper begins by discussing the theory of international trade cooperation in electricity, with a view to discussing what preconditions might be important in facilitating wide area trading across national borders. It then discusses two...

  • Report  |   2011

    Africa's ICT Infrastructure: Building on the Mobile Revolution

    Author(s): Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia M. ; Foster, Vivien ; Mayer, Rebecca ; Minges, Michael ; Williams, Mark D. J.

    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been a remarkable success in Africa. Across the continent, the availability and quality of service have gone up and the cost has gone down. In just 10 years dating from the end of the 1990s mobile network coverage rose from 16 percent to 90 percent of the urban population; by 2009, rural...

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