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  • Report  |   2016

    The Impact of China on Europe and Central Asia

    Author(s): Timmer, Hans ; Bussolo, Maurizio ; Gould, David Michael ; Letelier, Raquel Alejandra ; Nguyen, Tu Chi ; Panterov, Georgi Lyudmilov ; Shaw, William ; Ushakova, Ekaterina ; Burns, Andrew ; Izvorski, Ivailo V. ; Pigato, Miria A. ; Sanchez, Carolina

    The economies of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) are facing complex challenges. In the eastern part of the region the task of governments is to orchestrate a coordinated crisis response. The collapse of oil revenues and the associated decline in remittances triggered a chain reaction of shocks. Adjustment to these shocks requires a new monetary...

  • Report  |   2018

    Multidimensional Connectivity: Benefits, Risks, and Policy Implications for Europe and Central Asia

    Author(s): Gould, David ; Kenett, Dror Y. ; Panterov, Georgi

    International connections through trade, foreign direct investment, migration, the Internet, and other channels are critical for the transmission of knowledge and growth and form macroeconomic linkages. But how much knowledge is transmitted to a country is not only the result of the overall level of connectivity, but also to whom a country is...

  • Book  |   September 2018

    Critical Connections: Promoting Economic Growth and Resilience in Europe and Central Asia

    Author(s): Gould, David Michael

    Critical Connections examines how trade, investment, migration, and other linkages among countries drive economic growth in the Europe and Central Asia region. The study breaks new ground by using a multidimensional approach that recognizes how each connectivity channel for growth is likely to be affected by the strength of other channels. This...

  • Report  |   2018

    Funding and Financing Infrastructure: The Joint Use of Public and Private Finance

    Author(s): Fay, Marianne ; Martimort, David ; Straub, Stephane

    The paper addresses the issue of the feasible level of private finance in a contracting model of infrastructure finding and financing. It characterizes the structure of financial contracts, deriving the conditions under which both public and private finance coexist. A key feature is that access to outside finance and the regulatory decision on...

  • Report  |   2014

    ICTs for Regional Trade and Integration in Africa

    Author(s): Souter, David ; Adam, Lishan ; Jagun, Abiodun ; Tusubira, Tusu

    Trade is critically important to Africa's economic prospects, as a source of revenue, investment and employment, yet Africa's trade is highly fragmented and the weakness of its trade performance constrains growth and poverty reduction. Africa today generates only about 2.5-3.5 per cent of world trade. African countries mostly export...

  • Report  |   2015

    Cross-Border Electricity Cooperation in South Asia

    Author(s): Singh, Anoop ; Jamasb, Tooraj ; Nepal, Rabindra ; Toman, Michael A.

    South Asian countries, facing challenges in efficiently meeting growing electricity demand, can benefit from increased cross-border electricity cooperation and trade by harnessing complementarities in electricity demand patterns, diversity in resource endowments for power generation, and gains from larger market access. The region has witnessed...

  • Report  |   2011

    Border Management Modernization

    Author(s): Doyle, Tom ; Fanta Ivanovic, Enrique ; McLinden, Gerard ; Widdowson, David Charles

    This book provides border management policymakers and reformers with a broad survey of key developments in and principles for improving trade facilitation through better border management, including practical advice on particular issues. In contrast to the traditional border management reform agenda, with its focus on improving customs operations...

  • Report  |   2015

    How Much Could South Asia Benefit from Regional Electricity Cooperation and Trade?

    Author(s): Timilsina, Govinda R. ; Toman, Michael A. ; Karacsonyi, Jorge G. ; de Tena Diego, Luca

    The South Asia region is lagging behind many regions in the world in regional electricity cooperation and trading, despite the huge anticipated benefits. This study uses an electricity planning model that produces optimal expansion of electricity generation capacities and transmission interconnections in the long-term to quantify the benefits of...

  • Presentation  |   2016

    World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    On Monday, February 1, 2016, the  World Bank Group Office in Geneva  and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) co-hosted a presentation of the “ World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends.” The 2016 World Development Report examines how the internet can be a force for development, especially for the poor in...

  • Report  |   2014

    Institutional Arrangements for the Promotion of Regional Integration of Electricity Markets: International Experience

    Author(s): Oseni, Musiliu O. ; Pollitt, Michael G.

    This paper focuses on the institutional arrangements needed for facilitating regional electricity cooperation. The paper begins by discussing the theory of international trade cooperation in electricity, with a view to discussing what preconditions might be important in facilitating wide area trading across national borders. It then discusses two...

  • Report  |   2011

    Africa's ICT Infrastructure: Building on the Mobile Revolution

    Author(s): Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia M. ; Foster, Vivien ; Mayer, Rebecca ; Minges, Michael ; Williams, Mark D. J.

    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been a remarkable success in Africa. Across the continent, the availability and quality of service have gone up and the cost has gone down. In just 10 years dating from the end of the 1990s mobile network coverage rose from 16 percent to 90 percent of the urban population; by 2009, rural...

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