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  • Report  |   2008

    Trade and Transport Facilitation in South Asia: Systems in Transition, Volume 1. Summary and Main Report

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Over the past few decades, the World trading system has become increasingly more open. Tariff rates have been reduced and quantitative restrictions (quotas) have been progressively eliminated, e.g., the Multi-Fiber Agreement (MFA). Most countries have adopted more outward-looking economic policies, seeking to increase growth and employment...

  • Report  |   2017

    Asian Economic Integration Report 2017

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    Asia and the Pacific is leading a recovery in world trade amid the continued uncertainty surrounding the global trade policy environment. This year’s Asian Economic Integration Report introduces a new composite index to gauge the progress of regional cooperation and integration (RCI) in Asia and the Pacific. RCI plays an important role in...

  • Report  |   2006

    Economic Cooperation in the Wider Central Asia Region

    Author(s): Byrd, William ; Raiser, Martin

    This paper lays out the big issues that affect regional cooperation and development in the wider Central Asia region, and analyzes in greater detail areas where there appear to be good prospects for progress in the short run. The paper develops a framework for approaching regional cooperation in the wider Central Asia region, based on identifying...

  • Report  |   2014

    Connectivity for Caribbean Countries: An Initial Assessment

    Author(s): Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia ; Bofinger, Heinrich C. ; Cubas, Diana ; Millan-Placci, Maria Florencia

    Their vital relation with the Caribbean Sea is a defining factor for the many cultures, languages and countries that co-exist in the Caribbean. This factor acts as both the most important vehicle and as their most challenging obstacle to connect with the world, and represents the starting point for every single discussion around Caribbean states...

  • Report  |   2017

    Enhancing Regional Economic Cooperation and Integration in Asia and the Pacific

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    With a combined GDP of US$27 trillion that is growing rapidly, Asia and the Pacific is well on its way to becoming the most important market in the world, opening possibilities for further expansion of trade and investment within the region. This could contribute to job creation, poverty reduction and the boosting of economic growth throughout...

  • Report  |   2017

    Belarus: Enhancing Border-Crossing Time Release Studies to Support Trade Facilitation Reforms

    Author(s): Gabrielyan, Gagik ; Kerswell, Clayton ; Shemshenya, Irina ; Abrashkevich, Aliaksandr

    Belarus is a member of Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), bordering three European Union (EU) countries (Poland,Lithuania and Latvia), Ukraine and Russia. As such, the country is strategically located for international transit trade. With the aim of boosting the country’s transit role, the government of Belarus is undertaking several infrastructure...

  • Report  |   2017

    Global Mobility Report 2017: Tracking Sector Performance

    Author(s): Sustainable Mobility for All

    The Global Mobility Report 2017 (GMR) is the first-ever attempt to examine performance of the transport sector globally, and its capacity to support the mobility of goods and people, in a sustainable way. The GMR is built around three components: (i) four global objectives that define "sustainable mobility"; (ii) quantitative and...

  • Report  |   2016

    Prioritizing Infrastructure Investment: A Framework for Government Decision Making

    Author(s): Marcelo Gordillo, Darwin ; Mandri-Perrott, Xavier Cledan ; House, Ruth Schuyler ; Schwartz, Jordan Z.

    Governments must decide how to allocate limited resources for infrastructure development, particularly since financing gaps have been projected for the coming decades. Social cost-benefit analysis provides sound project appraisal and, when systematically applied, a basis for prioritization. In some instances, however, capacity and resource...

  • Report  |   2016

    Trade Facilitation and Development: Driving Trade Competitiveness, Border Agency Effectiveness and Strengthened Governance- Transport and Trade Facilitation Series, No 7

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Trade facilitation reforms improve a country’s trade competitiveness and the effectiveness of border agencies. In addition, they can directly help advance development goals such as strengthening governance and formalizing the informal sector. The present study identifies policies to help reap the full development-related benefits from trade...

  • Report  |   2018

    Asia-Pacific Progress in Sustainable Energy: A Global Tracking Framework 2017 Regional Assessment Report

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    Asia-Pacific Progress in Sustainable Energy report is developed by ESCAP in cooperation with the Asian Development Bank. It offers an evidence-based look at progress at the regional and country levels, providing an overview of long-term trends since 1990, and focuses on progress achieved in the most recent period, 2012–2014. Furthermore, in the...

  • Report  |   2010

    Enhancing Regional Integration of Landlocked Developing Countries in North and Central Asia Through Infrastructure Connectivity

    Author(s): Handjiski, Borko ; Lucas, Robert ; Martin, Philip ; Guerin, Selen Sarisoy

    Countries of the Southeast Europe (SEE) region have witnessed significant economic improvement since the beginning of their transition to market economies in the early 1990s. Growth has been particularly strong in the past six years, but still lower than in other fast growing countries in the East Asia and Baltic regions, or some of the other new...

  • Report  |   2014

    Ready for Takeoff? The Potential for Low-Cost Carriers in Developing Countries

    Author(s): Schlumberger, Charles E. ; Weisskopf, Nora

    The emergence of low-cost carriers (LCCs) has been a key catalyst for the development of the aviation industry in the last decade. Indeed, extensive research has been undertaken to analyze the business model and impact on the aviation sector and beyond. Despite recent developments in the LCC markets in Asia and Latin America, much of the research...

  • Report  |   2007

    Trade in Information and Communication Services: Opportunities for East and Southern Africa

    Author(s): Guermazi, Boutheina

    This following report is divided into four chapters, with chapter one containing the introduction. Chapter two reviews the state of ICT-competitiveness in the case study countries, by looking at infrastructure, the legal and regulatory situation, the business environment, and human resources. Chapter three examines the benefits of ICT for the...

  • Report  |   2017

    A Study of ICT Connectivity for the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI): Enhancing the Collaboration in China-Central Asia Corridor

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) was initially introduced in 2013 in order to enhance connectivity and collaboration among 60 countries and beyond in Asia, Africa and Europe. According to BRI, the Belt refers to Silk Road Economic Belt which is the land routes among these countries, whereas the Road refers to the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road...

  • Report  |   2017

    Study on Enhancement of Integration of Regional Value Chains in Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean

    Author(s): Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

    While global value chains (GVC) theory is broad and encompasses most aspects of economic development, this report looks to provide a general understanding of the tenants of GVCs, how Asia and Latin America have integrated into GVCs over the past couple decades, the level of connectivity between the two regions already, and what can be done to...

  • Report  |   2017

    Information Economy Report 2017: Digitalization, Trade and Development

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    These are still the early days of the digital economy. But already it is clear that it has had, and will continue to have, globally transformative impacts on the way we live, work and develop our economies. As the world strives to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – our universal blueprint for building peaceful, prosperous...

  • Report  |   2013

    Quantitative Analysis of Road Transport Agreements (QuARTA)

    Author(s): Kunaka, Charles ; Tanase, Virginia ; Latrille, Pierre ; Krausz, Peter

    Road freight transport is indispensable to international economic cooperation and foreign trade. Across all continents, it is commonly used for short and medium distances and in long distance haulage when minimizing time is important. In all instances governments play a critical role in ensuring the competitive advantage of private sector...

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    SAR Connect: The Security and Trade Facilitation Nexus: Options for South Asian Countries

    Author(s): Kerswell, Clayton Bryant ; Kunaka, Charles

    Depending on the nature of the threat and the type of transaction and transport, the ability to profile risk and the type of potential risk-mitigation intervention will be different. If the predominant risk is economic (undervaluation, for instance), a certain set of transactional data can help profile and identify high-risk targets. In such...

  • Report  |   2016

    South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Operational Plan 2016–2025

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The SASEC Operational Plan for 2016-2025 expands the program’s focus beyond intraregional cooperation to developing linkages with Southeast and East Asia, widening the scope of transport, trade facilitation, and energy cooperation. The South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Program (SASEC) has been promoting cooperation through projects that...

  • Report  |   November 2017

    The Least Developed Countries Report 2017: Transformational Energy Access

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    [From the UNCTAD press release]: ​Expanding access to adequate, reliable and affordable sources of modern energy is essential if the world’s poorest nations are to escape the poverty trap. The world’s 47 least developed countries (LDCs) are falling far behind the rest of the developing world in terms of getting power to homes and businesses....


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