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  • Report  |   2017

    Global Infrastructure Outlook: Infrastructure Investment Need

    Author(s): Global Infrastructure Hub

    The infrastructure gap around the world remains wide and is, in many places, widening. However, some governments are closing this gap. By tapping into the drivers of successful infrastructure planning and delivery to become more competitive and attractive for investment, they are reaping the benefits through stronger partnerships with the private...

  • Report  |   2017

    North and Central Asia as A Transit Hub: Potential, Challenges and the Way Forward

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    This report identifies and proposes policy reforms in four priority areas, namely (i) dismantling non-tariff barriers and accelerated trade and investment facilitation for enhanced global competitiveness; (ii) expanded infrastructure connectivity in transport, energy, ICT and networks, particularly through the development of southern corridors,...

  • Report  |   2017

    Towards Region-Wide Seamless Connectivity in Asia and the Pacific

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    Seamless connectivity aims to facilitate the movement of people, goods, energy and information through investments and improvements in hard and soft infrastructure. The present document includes a discussion on the current state of transport, energy and information and communication infrastructure, including regional and subregional connectivity...

  • Presentation  |   2017

    Strategic Analysis of the International Cable Systems in the GCC Region

    Author(s): Ruddy, Michael

    Analysis of the international submarine cable and terrestrial fiber optic cable infrastructure in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region, comprising Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.  Benchmarking of markets with respect to cables, diversity of cable ownership and landing parties, domestic & foreign...

  • Report  |   2017

    Money Matters: Discussing the Economics of the INSTC

    Author(s): Passi, Ritika

    India, Iran and Russia have decided to begin using the part-ready International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC), a multimodal network of sea, rail and road routes between India, Iran, Central Asia and Russia. As the broader politics in the region undergo new configurations that may put to question the project’s prospects, and the evolving...

  • Report  |   2017

    Lessons from ADB Transport Projects: Moving Goods, Connecting People, and Disseminating Knowledge

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    From in-country to cross-country connections, whether by land, air, or water, transport is a key ingredient that enables nations to achieve economic and social development goals. ADB has been working with developing member countries to improve roads, airports, waterways, and other transport infrastructures to provide people with better access to...

  • Report  |   2017

    Influencing Air Connectivity Outcomes

    Author(s): Burghouwt, Guillaume

    The aviation network plays an important role in today’s globalised society. There is a growing understanding among governments worldwide that air connectivity is an asset improving the global competitiveness of cities, regions and countries. Connectivity growth decreases travel costs for consumers and businesses and facilitates global contacts...

  • Report  |   2017

    East Asian Integration: Towards an East Asian Economic Community

    Author(s): Dent, Christopher M.

    East Asia is a region of great global significance, currently accounting for around 30% of the global economy by most measures, e.g. production, trade, investment and finance. It has also become increasingly integrated in various ways. Integration at the micro-level has steadily progressed since the 1960s, as indicated by rising intraregional...

  • Report  |   2017

    Maximising Availability of International Connectivity in Developing Countries: Strategies to Ensure Global Digital Inclusion

    Author(s): International Telecommunication Union

    This report aims to build awareness of the challenges and strategies for improving international connectivity, and to consider some potential options for promoting increased local, regional and global collaboration to further this objective. In this respect, the report aims to inform the international development community as well as national...

  • Report  |   2017

    Port Rail Connectivity and Agricultural Production: Evidence from a Large Sample of Farmers in Ethiopia

    Author(s): Iimi, Atsushi ; Adamtei, Haileyesus ; Markland, James ; Tsehaye, Eyasu

    Agriculture remains an important economic sector in Africa, employing a large share of the labor force and earning foreign exchange. Among others, transport connectivity has long been a crucial constraint in Africa. In theory, railways have a particularly important role to play in shipping freight and passengers at low cost. However, most African...

  • Report  |   2017

    ITF Transport Outlook 2017

    Author(s): International Transport Forum

    The ITF Transport Outlook provides an overview of recent trends and near-term prospects for the transport sector at a global level, as well as long-term prospects for transport demand to 2050, for freight (maritime, air and surface), passenger transport (car, rail and air) and CO2 emissions. This edition looks at how the main policy, economic and...

  • Report  |   2017

    Two to Tango: An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support for Fostering Regional Integration

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Three overlapping forces shape economic and political systems in the contemporary world order: globalization, regionalism and nationalism. The first wave of regionalism in the 1960-1980 was primarily driven by the trade and tariff agenda, followed by the second wave in the 1980-2000 when regionalism was seen as a useful supplement to...

  • Report  |   2017

    Linking Up: Public-Private Partnerships in Power Transmission in Africa

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Creating enabling environments often requires regulatory changes to attract private sector financing. This report examines the global experience in successful private sector-led investments in power transmission and their applicability within the Sub-Saharan African context. It draws lessons from these experiences, highlights what regulations and...

  • Report  |   2017

    OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 — The Digital Transformation

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    With some 200 indicators, the 2017 edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard shows how the digital transformation affects science, innovation, the economy, and the way people work and live. It aims to help governments design more effective science, innovation and industry policies in the fast-changing digital era. The...

  • Report  |   2017

    Key Issues for Digital Transformation in the G20

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This report provides an assessment of G20 economies’ performance with respect to digitalisation (Part I) and examines some of the most pressing policy challenges in areas spanning from access to digital infrastructures to digital security to legal frameworks (Part II). Part III includes a set of 11 core policy recommendations that could underpin...

  • Report  |   2017

    ICT for Energy: Telecom and Energy Working Together for Sustainable Development

    Author(s): International Telecommunication Union

    This paper culminates in an outlook of what countries can do to facilitate access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all by fostering sector and competent authorities collaboration. ICT Energy International Telecommunication Union Download PDF Publications launched at RDF-EUR 2017 (International Telecommunications Union)...

  • Report  |   2017

    Aid for Trade at a Glance 2017: Promoting Trade, Inclusiveness and Connectivity for Sustainable Development

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; World Trade Organization

    This edition of Aid for Trade at a Glance focuses on trade connectivity, which is critical for economic growth, inclusiveness and sustainable development. Physical connectivity enables the movement of goods and services to local, regional and global markets. It is closely intertwined with digital connectivity which is vital in today’s trade...

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Internet Crossing Borders: Boosting the Internet in Landlocked Developing Countries Executive Summary

    Author(s): Internet Society

    Trade ICT Internet Society Download PDF https://www.internetsociety.org/resources/doc/2017/lldcreport Greater Mekong Subregion Information Highway Landlocked Developing Countries trade obstacles transaction costs Customs systems fiber optic submarine cables INTERNET Information Technology Trade Facilitation single windows e-payments regional...

  • Presentation  |   2017

    Enhancing Synergy Among Cross-Sectoral Infrastructure

    Author(s): Ogawa, Hiroaki

    North and Central Asia continues to remain the least integrated subregion in Asia and the Pacific. Intraregional merchandise export within North and Central Asia accounted for 7.9% of its total export in 2015, which is significantly lower than in other subregions: 34.6% in East and North-East Asia and 24.4% in South-East Asia. The lack of...

  • Report  |   2017

    Africa's Cities: Opening Doors to the World

    Author(s): Lall, Somik Vinay ; Henderson, J. Vernon ; Venables, Anthony J.

    Cities in Sub-Saharan Africa are experiencing rapid population growth. Yet their economic growth has not kept pace. Why? One factor might be low capital investment, due in part to Africa’s relative poverty: Other regions have reached similar stages of urbanization at higher per capita GDP. This study, however, identifies a deeper reason: African...

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