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  • Report  |   2015

    Allocating Risks in Public-Private Partnership Contracts

    Author(s): Global Infrastructure Hub

    The objective of this Report is to provide additional guidance to countries, including both members and non-members of the G20, that wish to develop a programme of PPP transactions. The primary focus is on those countries with limited or no prior experience of PPPs, and the desired outcome of the Report is that those countries will have a useful...

  • Report  |   2015

    Port Hinterland Connectivity

    Author(s): Merk, Olaf ; Notteboom, Theo

    The competitiveness of a seaport depends on the extent the cargo handled in the port can reach its hinterland destination (e.g. Acciaro & McKinnon, 2013). The importance of hinterland connections has been recognised as one of the most critical issues in port competitiveness and development in most ports around the world. Upgrading of...

  • Report  |   2015

    Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2015

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    This latest biennial Review sets out transport developments in the Asia-Pacific region and serves as a mechanism for reporting on the provision of transport infrastructure and services; the challenges remaining in regional, urban and rural connectivity; and public health issues, such as road safety and emission pollutions. The Review finds that...

  • Report  |   2015

    The Regional Balkans Infrastructure Study Update: Enhancing Regional Connectivity, Identifying Impediments and Priority Remedies

    Author(s): El-Hefnawy, Moustafa Baher ; Sekerinska, Liljana ; Epaneshnikova, Evgenia ; Ryskulova, Nargis

    In an effort to further develop the South East Europe transport observatory (SEETO) comprehensive network, integrate it in the European Union’s (EU) Trans-European transport (TEN-T) network and strengthen the underlying transport planning systems, a grant was awarded by the Western Balkans infrastructure framework (WBIF) for the update of the...

  • Report  |   2015

    Russian Federation-- A Sector Assessment: Broadband in Russia

    Author(s): Gelvanovska, Natalija ; Hohlov, Yuri ; Maciule, Vaiva ; Rossotto, Carlo Maria ; Shaposhnik, Sergei

    A first step in infrastructure planning is often to do a sector assessment.  This World Bank paper aims to advise the Government of Russia on the measures needed to develop broadband throughout the country in support of economic growth. It first examines the broadband market in Russia and preconditions for its sustainable development. Next, it...

  • Report  |   2015

    Closing the Coverage Gap: Digital Inclusion in Latin America

    Author(s): GSM Association

    GSMA Intelligence published this report on mobile broadband network coverage in Latin America. Produced in collaboration with the GSMA’s Latin America and Connected Society teams, this is the first in a series of reports focused on addressing the barriers to delivering digital inclusion in the region. In this first report we reveal that one in...

  • Report  |   2015

    Highways to Success or Bypass to Waste: Estimating the Economic Benefits of Roads in Africa

    Author(s): Ali, Rubaba ; Barra, Alvaro Federico ; Berg, Claudia N. ; Damania, Richard ; Nash, John D. ; Russ, Jason Daniel

    This study develops and tests new approaches to the planning of infrastructure to maximize benefits and minimize negative externalities, particularly in rural areas. It explores several questions related to the impacts of infrastructure on welfare and poverty that are especially relevant for Sub-Saharan Africa. Reducing poverty in Sub-Saharan...

  • Report  |   2015

    A New Digital Trade Agenda

    Author(s): Meltzer, Joshua Paul

    The globalization of the Internet and the ability to move data across borders underpins an increasing amount of international trade. What constitutes digital trade is potentially very broad. It can include the use of the Internet to search for products, purchase them, and in the case of digital goods, deliver them online. In an international...

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    Global Value Chains along the New Silk Road

    Author(s): Vandenberg, Paul ; Kikkawa, Khan

    Central Asia is opening up rapidly with the completion of new transport corridors. Providing a passageway for goods between east and west, however, cannot be its main goal. It needs to attract investment to diversify its economies from petroleum and other natural resources. Other parts of Asia have developed by linking with global value chains....

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    SAR Connect: The Security and Trade Facilitation Nexus: Options for South Asian Countries

    Author(s): Kerswell, Clayton Bryant ; Kunaka, Charles

    Depending on the nature of the threat and the type of transaction and transport, the ability to profile risk and the type of potential risk-mitigation intervention will be different. If the predominant risk is economic (undervaluation, for instance), a certain set of transactional data can help profile and identify high-risk targets. In such...

  • Report  |   2015

    CARECCPMM Corridor Performance Measurement & Monitoring Annual Report 2015

    Author(s): Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Trade Facilitation

    In 2015, Corridor Performance Measurement and Monitoring (CPMM) program collected 2,784 data samples of commercial shipments across Central Asia, through the efforts of 12 national carrier and freight forwarder associations in 8 countries. The samples are comprised of road (75%) and rail (25%) data from across the six CAREC Corridors. What are...

  • Report  |   2015

    Facilitating the Participation of Landlocked Developing Countries in Commodity Value Chains

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) face multiple trade and development challenges. In addition to their geographical predicaments and remoteness from international markets, most of these countries are commodity dependent. Primary commodities accounted for more than half of the exports of 27 out of 32 LLDCs in 2011–2013, and resource-based...

  • Report  |   2015

    Introduction: Borders, Informality, International Trade and Customs

    Author(s): Cantens, Thomas ; Ireland, Robert ; Raballand, Gael

    This special issue deals with the “informal” cross-border trade in goods. Trading goods is an original human activity that precedes borders (Renfrew 1969). With the rise of nation-stateswith demarcated political boundaries, trade that crosses borders became regulated by government institutions such as Customs, with tariffs, quotas, or outright...

  • Report  |   2015

    Indicators to Monitor Deeper Regional Trade Integration in Africa

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Stronger regional integration has been a policy priority in Africa for several decades. Closer trade links with neighboring countries promise to stabilize food markets, enhance profitable exchanges in light manufactures, reduce consumer prices, and help develop regional production networks. However, the implementation of existing integration...

  • Report  |   2015

    Firm Productivity and Infrastructure Costs in East Africa

    Author(s): Iimi, Atsushi ; Humphrey, Richard Martin ; Melibaeva, Sevara

    Infrastructure is an important constraint in many African countries. Using firm-level data for East Africa, this Study re-examines the relationship between firm performance and impact of infrastructure. It is shown that labor costs are by far the most important to stimulate firm production. Among the infrastructure sectors, electricity costs have...

  • Report  |   2015

    Towards a Framework for the Governance and Delivery of Infrastructure

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    In response to discussions on the need for further study on how to think about infrastructure governance and modality choice at the 2014 Annual Meeting of Senior PPP Officials in Paris on 17-18 February 2014, this paper sets out a draft framework for the public governance and delivery of infrastructure. The ambition is to harness OECD countries’...

  • Report  |   2015

    The Economics and Policy Implications of Infrastructure Sharing and Mutualisation in Africa

    Author(s): Marino Garcia, Jose ; Kelly, Tim

    In developing countries, governments know the importance of broadband for development and promoting broadband as a way to boost knowledge in society has now entered the political agenda. Infrastructure sharing is one of the main trends in broadband infrastructure deployment. In developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, there is a...

  • Report  |   2015

    The Impacts of Trade Facilitation Measures on International Trade Flows

    Author(s): de Sá Porto, Paulo C. ; Canuto, Otaviano ; Morini, Cristiano

    This paper analyzes the impacts of selected trade facilitation measures on international trade flows. A gravity model is used to estimate four equations: a pooled cross-section model; a fixed-effects model; a random effects model; and a Poisson maximum likelihood estimator. The contribution of the paper is twofold. First, the analysis uses a...

  • Report  |   2015

    Connecting South Asia and Southeast Asia

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    This report analyzes how closer regional connectivity and economic integration between South Asia and Southeast Asia can benefit both regions, with a focus on the role played by infrastructure and public policies in facilitating this process. It examines major developments in South Asia–Southeast Asia trade and investment, economic cooperation,...

  • Report  |   2015

    Transport Policies and Development

    Author(s): Berg, Claudia N. ; Deichmann, Uwe ; Liu, Yishen ; Selod, Harris

    This survey reviews the current state of the economic literature, assessing the impact of transport policies on growth, inclusion, and sustainability in a developing country context. The findings are summarized and methodologies are critically assessed, especially those dealing with endogeneity issues in empirical studies. The specific...

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