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  • Report  |   2011

    The Air Connectivity Index: Measuring Integration in the Global Air Transport Network

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean-François ; Shepherd, Ben

    The authors construct a new measure of connectivity in the global air transport network, covering 211 countries and territories for the year 2007. It is grounded in network analysis methods, and is based on a gravity-like model that is familiar from the international trade and regional science literatures. It is a global measure of connectivity,...

  • Report  |   2011

    ECOWAS's Infrastructure: A Regional Perspective

    Author(s): Ranganathan, Rupa ; Foster, Vivien

    Infrastructure improvements boosted growth in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) by one percentage point per capita per year during 1995-2005, primarily thanks to growth in information and communication technology. Deficient power infrastructure held growth back by 0.1 percent. Raising the region's infrastructure to the...

  • Report  |   2011

    Airport Economics in Latin America and the Caribbean: Bench Marking, Regulation, and Pricing

    Author(s): Serebrisky, Tomas

    This report presents the findings of a first-ever, comprehensive study of how Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region airports have evolved during a notable period of transition in airport ownership. It is an unbiased, positive analysis of what happened, rather than a normative analysis of what should be done to reform and to attract private...

  • Policy Brief  |   2011

    Financing Infrastructure for Connectivity: Policy Implications for Asia

    Author(s): Bhattacharyay, Biswa N.

    In view of Asia's huge infrastructure needs, as well as the reduced demand for exports due to the ongoing global financial and economic crisis, infrastructure projects offer a way of increasing regional demand and intraregional trade. This policy brief proposes various ways to tap Asia's huge financial resources to fund essential...

  • Report  |   2011

    Logistics in Lagging Regions: Overcoming Local Barriers to Global Connectivity

    Author(s): Kunaka, Charles

    This report is based on two case studies carried out in Brazil and India on the impact of various strategies to reduce the cost of trade for small-scale producers. Small scale producers especially those located in lagging regions in developing countries lack easy access to efficient logistics services. They are faced with long distances from both...

  • Report  |   2011

    Africa's Power Infrastructure: Investment, Integration, Efficiency

    Author(s): Eberhard, Anton ; Rosnes, Orvika ; Shkaratan, Maria ; Vennemo, Haakon

    This study is a product of the Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic (AICD), a project designed to expand the world's knowledge of physical infrastructure in Africa. The AICD provides a baseline against which future improvements in infrastructure services can be measured, making it possible to monitor the results achieved from donor...

  • Report  |   2011

    Africa's ICT Infrastructure: Building on the Mobile Revolution

    Author(s): Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia M. ; Foster, Vivien ; Mayer, Rebecca ; Minges, Michael ; Williams, Mark D. J.

    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been a remarkable success in Africa. Across the continent, the availability and quality of service have gone up and the cost has gone down. In just 10 years dating from the end of the 1990s mobile network coverage rose from 16 percent to 90 percent of the urban population; by 2009, rural...

  • Report  |   2011

    A Study of International Transport Corridors in OIC Member Countries

    Author(s): PGlobal Global Advisory and Training Services

    The Study on Transport Corridors in OIC Member Countries is an assessment of the role and importance of transport corridors (TC) in contributing to economic growth and cooperation, trade and regional integration with a view to identify a policy framework among the 57 OIC member countries. It has conducted in order to present and to discuss...

  • Report  |   2011

    Foreign Direct Investment in Cross-Border Infrastructure Projects

    Author(s): Fung, Kwok-Chiu ; Garcia-Herrero, Alicia ; Ng, Francis

    Comparative study of foreign direct investment in cross-border infrastructure in Latin America; Eastern and Central Europe; and Asia, including six case studies of investment in infrastructure projects in these regions. In this paper the authors critically review the relevant information and literature that can enhance the feasibility and the...

  • Report  |   2011

    Regional Power Status In African Power Pools

    Author(s): The Infrastructure Consortium for Africa

    This ICA report provides an overview of power pools in Africa as of end 2010, including the most recent key data and relevant information. The report covers current infrastructure and institutional status in addition to key investment trends. Energy The Infrastructure Consortium for Africa Download PDF

  • Report  |   2011

    Connecting Landlocked Developing Countries to Markets: Trade Corridors in the 21st Century

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean Francois ; Carruthers, Robin C. ; Smith, Graham ; Willoughby, Christopher

    The importance of transport corridors for trade and development, including for some of the poorest countries in the world, is widely recognized in this book. A new consensus has also emerged that reducing trade costs and improving access to corridors is not just a matter of building infrastructure. The policies that regulate transport services...

  • Policy Brief  |   2011

    Identifying Benefits and Allocating Costs for European Cross-Border Infrastructure Projects

    Author(s): Glachant, Jean-Michel ; Khalfallah, Haikel

    Cross-border investment projects having a European interest are currently undertaken country by country with insufficient cooperation between all actors impacted by such a project. The asymmetry of cost allocation and benefit distribution of cross-border infrastructure plus the presence of economic externalities have lead to a suboptimal...

  • Report  |   2011

    Caribbean Regional Electricity Supply Options: Toward Greater Security, Renewables and Resilience

    Author(s): Gerner, Franz ; Hansen, Megan

    The Caribbean region continues to be plagued by high and volatile fuel prices, with limited economies of scale or diversity in electricity supply. Although several studies have examined alternative resource options for the region, they often only consider solutions for individual countries in isolation. When one looks at the Caribbean, however,...

  • Report  |   2011

    Border Management Modernization

    Author(s): Doyle, Tom ; Fanta Ivanovic, Enrique ; McLinden, Gerard ; Widdowson, David Charles

    This book provides border management policymakers and reformers with a broad survey of key developments in and principles for improving trade facilitation through better border management, including practical advice on particular issues. In contrast to the traditional border management reform agenda, with its focus on improving customs operations...

  • Report  |   2011

    Energy Trade in South Asia-Opportunities and Challenges

    Author(s): Rahman, Sultan Hafeez ; Wijayatunga, Priyantha D.C. ; Gunatilake, Herath ; Fernando, P.N

    The South Asia Regional Energy Study was completed as an important component of the regional technical assistance project Preparing the Energy Sector Dialogue and South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Energy Center Capacity Development. It involved examining regional energy trade opportunities among all the member states of the South...

  • Report  |   2011

    Regional Power Integration: Structural and Regulatory Challenges

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    The Central America Regional Electricity Market (MER) trades electricity and transmission capacity among six Central American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama. The market differs from other electricity markets worldwide because it has its own regulatory body and system operator. Economic integration of...


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