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  • Report  |   2015

    Allocating Risks in Public-Private Partnership Contracts

    Author(s): Global Infrastructure Hub

    The objective of this Report is to provide additional guidance to countries, including both members and non-members of the G20, that wish to develop a programme of PPP transactions. The primary focus is on those countries with limited or no prior experience of PPPs, and the desired outcome of the Report is that those countries will have a useful...

  • Report  |   2018

    Managing PPP Contracts After Financial Close

    Author(s): Global Infrastructure Hub

    The PPP Contract Management Tool (referred to herein as the ‘reference tool’) provides public sector officials with practical guidance and case studies, so that those responsible for managing contracts after financial close are better able to ensure project objectives and value for money. The reference tool has been developed based on analysis of...

  • Report  |   2011

    The Air Connectivity Index: Measuring Integration in the Global Air Transport Network

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean-François ; Shepherd, Ben

    The authors construct a new measure of connectivity in the global air transport network, covering 211 countries and territories for the year 2007. It is grounded in network analysis methods, and is based on a gravity-like model that is familiar from the international trade and regional science literatures. It is a global measure of connectivity,...

  • Policy Brief  |   2013

    Global Connectivity and Export Performance

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean-Francois ; Shepherd, Ben

    The World Bank has developed a novel method for measuring countries’ connectivity in global networks and has applied it to the global air transport network. ‘Connectivity’ in this context is defined as a country’s relative position in that network in terms of the total ‘push’ and ‘pull’ it exerts on air traffic, taking account of all possible...

  • Presentation  |   2016

    Cross-Border Infrastructure Connectivity: Needs, Facts and Challenges

    Author(s): Helble, Matthias

    Presentation content includes:  I. On the increasing need for cross-border infrastructure II. Empirical evidence for trade stimulus from improved cross-border connectivity III. Challenges of cross-border infrastructure projects and lessons learned Trade Transport Helble, Matthias Download PDF http://www.oecd.org/daf/fin/private-pensions/seminar-...

  • Report  |   2017

    Influencing Air Connectivity Outcomes

    Author(s): Burghouwt, Guillaume

    The aviation network plays an important role in today’s globalised society. There is a growing understanding among governments worldwide that air connectivity is an asset improving the global competitiveness of cities, regions and countries. Connectivity growth decreases travel costs for consumers and businesses and facilitates global contacts...

  • Report  |   April 2018

    Financing Innovation in Clean and Sustainable Mobility

    Author(s): de Concini, Alessandro

    This study on access to finance for the innovative road transport sector identifies critical gaps in the funding of companies developing technologies and services in this area and an uneven distribution of money, concentrated on specific business models and on a few individual companies, most of them outside the EU. The bottleneck of accessing...

  • Policy Brief  |   2011

    Financing Infrastructure for Connectivity: Policy Implications for Asia

    Author(s): Bhattacharyay, Biswa N.

    In view of Asia's huge infrastructure needs, as well as the reduced demand for exports due to the ongoing global financial and economic crisis, infrastructure projects offer a way of increasing regional demand and intraregional trade. This policy brief proposes various ways to tap Asia's huge financial resources to fund essential...

  • Report  |   2014

    Economic Corridor Development for Inclusive Asian Regional Integration: Modeling Approach to Economic Corridors

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The experience of economic corridors development from across the world can be of help for similar initiatives in Central and Southeast Asia. This publication looks at the experience of economic corridor development from across the world, including successful economic corridor developments in the European Union and South Asia Subregional Economic...

  • Report  |   2017

    Port Rail Connectivity and Agricultural Production: Evidence from a Large Sample of Farmers in Ethiopia

    Author(s): Iimi, Atsushi ; Adamtei, Haileyesus ; Markland, James ; Tsehaye, Eyasu

    Agriculture remains an important economic sector in Africa, employing a large share of the labor force and earning foreign exchange. Among others, transport connectivity has long been a crucial constraint in Africa. In theory, railways have a particularly important role to play in shipping freight and passengers at low cost. However, most African...

  • Report  |   2017

    Two to Tango: An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support for Fostering Regional Integration

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Three overlapping forces shape economic and political systems in the contemporary world order: globalization, regionalism and nationalism. The first wave of regionalism in the 1960-1980 was primarily driven by the trade and tariff agenda, followed by the second wave in the 1980-2000 when regionalism was seen as a useful supplement to...

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Internet Crossing Borders: Boosting the Internet in Landlocked Developing Countries Executive Summary

    Author(s): Internet Society

    Trade ICT Internet Society Download PDF https://www.internetsociety.org/resources/doc/2017/lldcreport Greater Mekong Subregion Information Highway Landlocked Developing Countries trade obstacles transaction costs Customs systems fiber optic submarine cables INTERNET Information Technology Trade Facilitation single windows e-payments regional...

  • Report  |   2018

    Trade Linkages Between the Belt and Road Economies

    Author(s): Boffa, Mauro

    This paper studies the production and trade linkages between a selected group of economies belonging to the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). After defining a group of Belt and Road Economies, the paper uses three standard trade databases to analyze trade and production linkages among these economies. With the help of state of the art economic...

  • Report  |   2016

    White Paper- Global Energy Interconnection

    Author(s): International Electrotechnical Commission

    Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces. However, one fifth of the world population still lacks access to energy and 3 billion people rely on wood, coal or animal waste for cooking and heating. Today, sustainable energy and climate change are big global concerns.   The interconnection of grids would open...

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    Global Value Chains along the New Silk Road

    Author(s): Vandenberg, Paul ; Kikkawa, Khan

    Central Asia is opening up rapidly with the completion of new transport corridors. Providing a passageway for goods between east and west, however, cannot be its main goal. It needs to attract investment to diversify its economies from petroleum and other natural resources. Other parts of Asia have developed by linking with global value chains....

  • Report  |   2014

    Connectivity for Caribbean Countries: An Initial Assessment

    Author(s): Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia ; Bofinger, Heinrich C. ; Cubas, Diana ; Millan-Placci, Maria Florencia

    Their vital relation with the Caribbean Sea is a defining factor for the many cultures, languages and countries that co-exist in the Caribbean. This factor acts as both the most important vehicle and as their most challenging obstacle to connect with the world, and represents the starting point for every single discussion around Caribbean states...

  • Report  |   2016

    Trade Facilitation and Development: Driving Trade Competitiveness, Border Agency Effectiveness and Strengthened Governance- Transport and Trade Facilitation Series, No 7

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Trade facilitation reforms improve a country’s trade competitiveness and the effectiveness of border agencies. In addition, they can directly help advance development goals such as strengthening governance and formalizing the informal sector. The present study identifies policies to help reap the full development-related benefits from trade...

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    SAR Connect: The Security and Trade Facilitation Nexus: Options for South Asian Countries

    Author(s): Kerswell, Clayton Bryant ; Kunaka, Charles

    Depending on the nature of the threat and the type of transaction and transport, the ability to profile risk and the type of potential risk-mitigation intervention will be different. If the predominant risk is economic (undervaluation, for instance), a certain set of transactional data can help profile and identify high-risk targets. In such...

  • Report  |   2012

    Collaborative Border Management: A New Approach to an Old Problem

    Author(s): McLinden, Gerard

    Border clearance processes are among the most problematic links in the global supply chain and frequently undermine national competitiveness by increasing the cost of exports and reducing reliability of supply. As a result, securing meaningful reform of border management procedures has become an important issue for the development community....

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Low-Cost Technology to Improve Aviation Safety and Efficiency: Investment Program Brings Modernized Aviation Information Technology to Pacific Islands

    Author(s): De Serio, Christopher J. ; Giovannitti, Aldo

    The World Bank’s Pacific Aviation Investment Program (PAIP) is bringing state-of-the-art air traffic management and satellite-based ground communications to airports and small aircraft operators in seven Pacific island countries and territories. These advances, coming online in 2017, will vastly improve the safety and efficiency of South Pacific...

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