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  • Discussion Paper  |   May 2018

    Why Connectivity Matters

    Author(s): World Bank Singapore Hub / Global Infrastructure Connectivity Alliance

    A draft Discussion Paper developed by the team from the World Bank Singapore Hub leading the GICA Secretariat and featured in the June 2018 Virtual Discussion on LinkedIn. The idea of connectivity has risen to prominence as sine qua non in the modern economy. Increasing connectivity is one of the defining trends of the 21st century. This is...

  • Report  |   2015

    Allocating Risks in Public-Private Partnership Contracts

    Author(s): Global Infrastructure Hub

    The objective of this Report is to provide additional guidance to countries, including both members and non-members of the G20, that wish to develop a programme of PPP transactions. The primary focus is on those countries with limited or no prior experience of PPPs, and the desired outcome of the Report is that those countries will have a useful...

  • Report  |   2018

    Managing PPP Contracts After Financial Close

    Author(s): Global Infrastructure Hub

    The PPP Contract Management Tool (referred to herein as the ‘reference tool’) provides public sector officials with practical guidance and case studies, so that those responsible for managing contracts after financial close are better able to ensure project objectives and value for money. The reference tool has been developed based on analysis of...

  • Report  |   2017

    Global Infrastructure Outlook: Infrastructure Investment Need

    Author(s): Global Infrastructure Hub

    The infrastructure gap around the world remains wide and is, in many places, widening. However, some governments are closing this gap. By tapping into the drivers of successful infrastructure planning and delivery to become more competitive and attractive for investment, they are reaping the benefits through stronger partnerships with the private...

  • Report  |   2011

    The Air Connectivity Index: Measuring Integration in the Global Air Transport Network

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean-François ; Shepherd, Ben

    The authors construct a new measure of connectivity in the global air transport network, covering 211 countries and territories for the year 2007. It is grounded in network analysis methods, and is based on a gravity-like model that is familiar from the international trade and regional science literatures. It is a global measure of connectivity,...

  • Report  |   2017

    North and Central Asia as A Transit Hub: Potential, Challenges and the Way Forward

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    This report identifies and proposes policy reforms in four priority areas, namely (i) dismantling non-tariff barriers and accelerated trade and investment facilitation for enhanced global competitiveness; (ii) expanded infrastructure connectivity in transport, energy, ICT and networks, particularly through the development of southern corridors,...

  • Policy Brief  |   2013

    Global Connectivity and Export Performance

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean-Francois ; Shepherd, Ben

    The World Bank has developed a novel method for measuring countries’ connectivity in global networks and has applied it to the global air transport network. ‘Connectivity’ in this context is defined as a country’s relative position in that network in terms of the total ‘push’ and ‘pull’ it exerts on air traffic, taking account of all possible...

  • Report  |   2017

    Towards Region-Wide Seamless Connectivity in Asia and the Pacific

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    Seamless connectivity aims to facilitate the movement of people, goods, energy and information through investments and improvements in hard and soft infrastructure. The present document includes a discussion on the current state of transport, energy and information and communication infrastructure, including regional and subregional connectivity...

  • Presentation  |   2017

    Strategic Analysis of the International Cable Systems in the GCC Region

    Author(s): Ruddy, Michael

    Analysis of the international submarine cable and terrestrial fiber optic cable infrastructure in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region, comprising Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.  Benchmarking of markets with respect to cables, diversity of cable ownership and landing parties, domestic & foreign...

  • Book  |   2018

    Maritime Networks, Port Efficiency, and Hinterland Connectivity in the Mediterranean

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean Francois ; Vesin, Vincent ; Carruthers, Robin C. ; Ducruet, Cesar ; De Langen, Peter Wubbe

    For millennia, the Mediterranean has been one of the most active trading areas, supported by a transport network connecting riparian cities and beyond to their hinterland. The Mediterranean has complex trade patterns and routes--but with key differences from the past. It is no longer an isolated world economy: it is both a trading area and a...

  • Report  |   2018

    Port Industry Survey on Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation

    Author(s): Asariotis, Regina ; Benamara, Hassiba ; Mohos-Naray, Viktoria

    Given the concentration of populations, assets and services associated with ports, the size and value of built infrastructure, and the key role of ports as part of the network of international supply-chains, responding effectively to the impacts of climate change on ports and their land-based access points is of strategic economic importance....

  • Presentation  |   2016

    Cross-Border Infrastructure Connectivity: Needs, Facts and Challenges

    Author(s): Helble, Matthias

    Presentation content includes:  I. On the increasing need for cross-border infrastructure II. Empirical evidence for trade stimulus from improved cross-border connectivity III. Challenges of cross-border infrastructure projects and lessons learned Trade Transport Helble, Matthias Download PDF

  • Report  |   2013

    Airport Capacity Expansion Strategies in the Era of Airline Multi-hub Networks

    Author(s): Burghouwt, Guillaume

    Many major airports are hubs for network carriers at the same time as serving a large local market. The complementarity between these functions is often seen as a prerequisite for viable hub operations, suggesting that spreading the hub network over multiple airports can be very costly and damages the corner stone of the hub operation: the...

  • Report  |   2017

    Money Matters: Discussing the Economics of the INSTC

    Author(s): Passi, Ritika

    India, Iran and Russia have decided to begin using the part-ready International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC), a multimodal network of sea, rail and road routes between India, Iran, Central Asia and Russia. As the broader politics in the region undergo new configurations that may put to question the project’s prospects, and the evolving...

  • Report  |   2011

    ECOWAS's Infrastructure: A Regional Perspective

    Author(s): Ranganathan, Rupa ; Foster, Vivien

    Infrastructure improvements boosted growth in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) by one percentage point per capita per year during 1995-2005, primarily thanks to growth in information and communication technology. Deficient power infrastructure held growth back by 0.1 percent. Raising the region's infrastructure to the...

  • Report  |   2013

    State of Logistics Indonesia 2013

    Author(s): Bahagia, Ir. Senator Nur ; Sandee, Henry ; Meeuws, Rene

    Indonesia is the world largest archipelagic country consisting of more than 17,000 islands spread over more than 5,000 kilometers from west to east. The land area is 1,860,360 km² and the sea area 5,800,000 km² with a total of 81,000 km of coastal line. The population is more than 237 million (2010). The population density is 124 inhabitants per...

  • Report  |   2017

    Lessons from ADB Transport Projects: Moving Goods, Connecting People, and Disseminating Knowledge

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    From in-country to cross-country connections, whether by land, air, or water, transport is a key ingredient that enables nations to achieve economic and social development goals. ADB has been working with developing member countries to improve roads, airports, waterways, and other transport infrastructures to provide people with better access to...

  • Report  |   2017

    Influencing Air Connectivity Outcomes

    Author(s): Burghouwt, Guillaume

    The aviation network plays an important role in today’s globalised society. There is a growing understanding among governments worldwide that air connectivity is an asset improving the global competitiveness of cities, regions and countries. Connectivity growth decreases travel costs for consumers and businesses and facilitates global contacts...

  • Report  |   2018

    Aviation and the Role of CAREC: A Scoping Study

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    This study examines the potential role of the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program in improving aviation in the region. The study provides an analysis of the CAREC region’s current state of aviation, and is structured around three principal components of aviation development: policy and regulation, infrastructure and...

  • Report  |   2018

    Rethinking Maritime Cabotage for Improved Connectivity

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Connectivity is about possibilities for people, companies and countries to connect with each other. In the trade sphere, physical connectivity enables the delivery of goods and services to local, regional and global markets. Maritime transport connectivity determines the extent to which countries, markets, suppliers, buyers, importers, exporters...


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