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Report | 2018
Connective Financing: Chinese Infrastructure Projects and the Diffusion of Economic Activity in Developing Countries
Author(s): Bluhm, Richard ; Dreher, Axel ; Fuchs, Andreas ; Parks, Bradley ; Strange, Austin ; Tierney, Michael
How do development projects influence the geographic distribution of economic activity within low-income and middle-income countries? Existing research focuses on the effects of Western development projects on inter-personal inequality and inequality across different subnational regions. However, China has recently become a major financier of...
Report | 2018
The Eurasian Land Bridge: The Role of Service Providers in Linking the Regional Value Chains in East Asia and the European Union
Author(s): Pomfret, Richard
Rail links between China and Europe are typically analysed in the context of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, focusing on China’s economic rise and the implications for international relations. This paper argues that establishment of the China–Europe Land Bridge predated the Belt and Road Initiative and has been market-driven, as service-...
Report | 2014
Global Value-Chains and Connectivity in Developing Asia- with Application to the Central and West Asian Region
Author(s): Pomfret, Richard ; Sourdin, Patricia
An increasingly important part of international trade consists of fragmentation of the production process, with differing tasks in the global value chain (GVC) being undertaken in different locations. The paper traces the origins of the GVC phenomenon, attempts to measure the significance of GVCs, and analyzes why some countries participate in...
Report | 2015
Firm Productivity and Infrastructure Costs in East Africa
Author(s): Iimi, Atsushi ; Humphrey, Richard Martin ; Melibaeva, Sevara
Infrastructure is an important constraint in many African countries. Using firm-level data for East Africa, this Study re-examines the relationship between firm performance and impact of infrastructure. It is shown that labor costs are by far the most important to stimulate firm production. Among the infrastructure sectors, electricity costs have...
Report | 2015
Highways to Success or Bypass to Waste: Estimating the Economic Benefits of Roads in Africa
Author(s): Ali, Rubaba ; Barra, Alvaro Federico ; Berg, Claudia N. ; Damania, Richard ; Nash, John D. ; Russ, Jason Daniel
This study develops and tests new approaches to the planning of infrastructure to maximize benefits and minimize negative externalities, particularly in rural areas. It explores several questions related to the impacts of infrastructure on welfare and poverty that are especially relevant for Sub-Saharan Africa. Reducing poverty in Sub-Saharan...
Report | 2013
Guidelines for Mainstreaming Road Safety in Regional Trade Road Corridors
Author(s): Breen, Jeanne M. ; Humphreys, Richard Martin ; Melibaeva, Sevara
The global crisis of road traffic injury is escalating in low-income and middle income countries to devastating effect; with road traffic crashes a leading cause of death. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1.24 million people were killed on the world's roads in 2010 and between 20-50 million more suffer non-fatal injuries...