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  • Policy Brief  |   2013

    Global Connectivity and Export Performance

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean-Francois ; Shepherd, Ben

    The World Bank has developed a novel method for measuring countries’ connectivity in global networks and has applied it to the global air transport network. ‘Connectivity’ in this context is defined as a country’s relative position in that network in terms of the total ‘push’ and ‘pull’ it exerts on air traffic, taking account of all possible...

  • Report  |   2017

    Time, Uncertainty, and Trade Flows

    Author(s): Anson, Jose ; Arvis, Jean-Francois ; Boffa, Mauro ; Helble, Matthias ; Shepherd, Benjamin

    This paper quantifies the impact of international transport time on bilateral trade flows in goods using previously unexploited information drawn from a large dataset on international parcel delivery times. In line with previous work, we find that an extra day spent in international transit reduces bilateral trade by just under one percent at the...

  • Book  |   2018

    Maritime Networks, Port Efficiency, and Hinterland Connectivity in the Mediterranean

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean Francois ; Vesin, Vincent ; Carruthers, Robin C. ; Ducruet, Cesar ; De Langen, Peter Wubbe

    For millennia, the Mediterranean has been one of the most active trading areas, supported by a transport network connecting riparian cities and beyond to their hinterland. The Mediterranean has complex trade patterns and routes--but with key differences from the past. It is no longer an isolated world economy: it is both a trading area and a...

  • Report  |   2010

    The Cost of Being Landlocked: Logistics Costs and Supply Chain Reliability

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean Francois ; Marteau, Jean-Francois ; Raballand, Gael J. R. F.

    In the last two decades new emphasis has been given to the economic impact of geography, especially on the cost of being landlocked. From a development perspective, understanding the cost of being landlocked and its economic impact is critical, since one country of four in the world is landlocked (almost one out of three in Sub-Saharan Africa)....

  • Report  |   2014

    The Eurasian Connection: Supply-Chain Efficiency along the Modern Silk Route through Central Asia

    Author(s): Rastogi, Cordula ; Arvis, Jean-Francois

    Central Asia is often associated with the silk route or road, the longest overland trade route connecting China to Europe and one of the oldest in history. Growth opportunities and the future prosperity of the region are highly dependent upon the efficiency of its internal and external supply-chain connections, which is the focus of this report....

  • Report  |   2011

    Connecting Landlocked Developing Countries to Markets: Trade Corridors in the 21st Century

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean Francois ; Carruthers, Robin C. ; Smith, Graham ; Willoughby, Christopher

    The importance of transport corridors for trade and development, including for some of the poorest countries in the world, is widely recognized in this book. A new consensus has also emerged that reducing trade costs and improving access to corridors is not just a matter of building infrastructure. The policies that regulate transport services...

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