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Policy Brief | 2013
Global Connectivity and Export Performance
Author(s): Arvis, Jean-Francois ; Shepherd, Ben
The World Bank has developed a novel method for measuring countries connectivity in global networks and has applied it to the global air transport network. Connectivity in this context is defined as a countrys relative position in that network in terms of the total push and pull it exerts on air traffic, taking account of all possible...
Report | 2017
Time, Uncertainty, and Trade Flows
Author(s): Anson, Jose ; Arvis, Jean-Francois ; Boffa, Mauro ; Helble, Matthias ; Shepherd, Benjamin
This paper quantifies the impact of international transport time on bilateral trade flows in goods using previously unexploited information drawn from a large dataset on international parcel delivery times. In line with previous work, we find that an extra day spent in international transit reduces bilateral trade by just under one percent at the...
Book | 2018
Maritime Networks, Port Efficiency, and Hinterland Connectivity in the Mediterranean
Author(s): Arvis, Jean Francois ; Vesin, Vincent ; Carruthers, Robin C. ; Ducruet, Cesar ; De Langen, Peter Wubbe
For millennia, the Mediterranean has been one of the most active trading areas, supported by a transport network connecting riparian cities and beyond to their hinterland. The Mediterranean has complex trade patterns and routes--but with key differences from the past. It is no longer an isolated world economy: it is both a trading area and a...
Report | 2011
The Air Connectivity Index: Measuring Integration in the Global Air Transport Network
Author(s): Arvis, Jean-François ; Shepherd, Ben
The authors construct a new measure of connectivity in the global air transport network, covering 211 countries and territories for the year 2007. It is grounded in network analysis methods, and is based on a gravity-like model that is familiar from the international trade and regional science literatures. It is a global measure of connectivity,...
Report | 2010
The Cost of Being Landlocked: Logistics Costs and Supply Chain Reliability
Author(s): Arvis, Jean Francois ; Marteau, Jean-Francois ; Raballand, Gael J. R. F.
In the last two decades new emphasis has been given to the economic impact of geography, especially on the cost of being landlocked. From a development perspective, understanding the cost of being landlocked and its economic impact is critical, since one country of four in the world is landlocked (almost one out of three in Sub-Saharan Africa)....
Report | 2014
The Eurasian Connection: Supply-Chain Efficiency along the Modern Silk Route through Central Asia
Author(s): Rastogi, Cordula ; Arvis, Jean-Francois
Central Asia is often associated with the silk route or road, the longest overland trade route connecting China to Europe and one of the oldest in history. Growth opportunities and the future prosperity of the region are highly dependent upon the efficiency of its internal and external supply-chain connections, which is the focus of this report....
Report | 2011
Connecting Landlocked Developing Countries to Markets: Trade Corridors in the 21st Century
Author(s): Arvis, Jean Francois ; Carruthers, Robin C. ; Smith, Graham ; Willoughby, Christopher
The importance of transport corridors for trade and development, including for some of the poorest countries in the world, is widely recognized in this book. A new consensus has also emerged that reducing trade costs and improving access to corridors is not just a matter of building infrastructure. The policies that regulate transport services...
Report | 2016
Europe and China’s New Silk Roads
Author(s): van der Putten, Frans-Paul ; Seaman, John ; Huotari, Mikko ; Ekman, Alice ; Otero-Iglesias, Miguel
This report covers the role of OBOR in the relations between China and fourteen EU member states, including all larger countries and many middle-sized ones, as seen from the European side. Apart from the Balkan region and the Baltic states, all geographic sub-regions within the EU are represented. Moreover, a separate chapter discusses the EU...
Report | 2008
Lessons of Corridor Performance Measurement
Author(s): Raballand, Gael ; Marteau, Jean-Francois ; Kunaka, Charles ; Kabanguka, Jean-Kizito ; Hartmann, Olivier
This paper aims at presenting the methodological lessons of corridor performance measurement carried out in Africa. Based on current experience, the authors conclude that, while road drivers' trip diaries may be useful, the core of monitoring activities should mostly rely on existing consolidated data (customs and port data) and limited...
Report | 2017
International Trade Consequences of Climate Change
Author(s): Dellink, Rob ; Lanzi, Elisa ; Chateau, Jean ; Hyunjeong, Hwang
This report provides an analysis of how climate change damages may affect international trade in the coming decades and how international trade can help limit the costs of climate change. It analyses the impacts of climate change on trade considering both direct effects on infrastructure and transport routes and the indirect economic impacts...
Policy Brief | 2011
Identifying Benefits and Allocating Costs for European Cross-Border Infrastructure Projects
Author(s): Glachant, Jean-Michel ; Khalfallah, Haikel
Cross-border investment projects having a European interest are currently undertaken country by country with insufficient cooperation between all actors impacted by such a project. The asymmetry of cost allocation and benefit distribution of cross-border infrastructure plus the presence of economic externalities have lead to a suboptimal...
Report | 2014
A Review of International Legal Instruments: Facilitation of Transport and Trade in Africa, Second Edition
Author(s): de Matons, Jean Grosdidier
This is the second edition of the 2003 paper entitled "Facilitation of transport and trade in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review of international legal instruments — Treaties, conventions, protocols, decisions, directives.", developed as part of the SSATP program. Three major reasons motivated this update and an expansion of its scope. First...