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  • Report  |   2010

    Institutions for Asian Connectivity

    Author(s): Bhattacharyay, Biswa Nath

    To make Asia more economically sustainable and resilient against external shocks, regional economies need to be rebalanced toward regional demand- and trade-driven growth through increased regional connectivity. The effectiveness of connectivity depends on the quality of hard and soft infrastructure. Of particular importance in terms of soft...

  • Report  |   2010

    Caribbean Trade and Integration: Trends and Future Prospects

    Author(s): Freckleton, Marie ; Mulder, Nanno ; Pellandra, Andrea ; Caldentey, Esteban Perez

    This paper analyses recent trends and future prospects in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), an incomplete customs union of 15 States in the Caribbean that includes most English speaking countries in the region plus Haiti and Suriname. In these small economies, the promotion of exports is of utmost importance, as in the medium term these are the...

  • Report  |   2010

    Connecting Greater Mekong Subregion Railways: A Strategic Framework

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    This strategic framework develops a practical approach to railway integration in the Greater Mekong Subregion, provides GMS countries with an initial framework for achieving integration and interoperability, identifies priority initiatives, builds a platform for further dialogue and discussion between and among GMS countries, and provides a...

  • Policy Brief  |   2010

    MPDD Working Paper on Economic Cooperation and Connectivity in the Asia-Pacific Region

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    The region needs to invest in an efficient system of regional infrastructure for a seamless Asia to emerge. This will provide the foundation for Asian common markets and facilitate the creation of an eventual pan-Asian community. None of this will be easy, but it will have to be done by building institutions, harmonizing policies and regulations...

  • Report  |   2010

    Critical Evaluation of Cross-Border Infrastructure Projects in Asia

    Author(s): Fujimura, Manabu ; Adhikari, Ramesh

    This paper attempts to fill gaps faced by policymakers and practitioners in the evaluation of cross-border infrastructure projects. It first defines what constitutes cross-border infrastructure projects, and then outlines an analytical framework and criteria to evaluate them. The criteria identify additionalities and externalities specific to...

  • Policy Brief  |   2010

    MPDD Working Paper on Economic Cooperation and Connectivity in the Asia-Pacific Region

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    The region needs to invest in an efficient system of regional infrastructure for a seamless Asia to emerge. This will provide the foundation for Asian common markets and facilitate the creation of an eventual pan-Asian community. None of this will be easy, but it will have to be done by building institutions, harmonizing policies and regulations...

  • Report  |   2010

    The Cost of Being Landlocked: Logistics Costs and Supply Chain Reliability

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean Francois ; Marteau, Jean-Francois ; Raballand, Gael J. R. F.

    In the last two decades new emphasis has been given to the economic impact of geography, especially on the cost of being landlocked. From a development perspective, understanding the cost of being landlocked and its economic impact is critical, since one country of four in the world is landlocked (almost one out of three in Sub-Saharan Africa)....

  • Report  |   2010

    Rural Road Investment Efficiency- Lessons from Burkina Faso, Cameroon, and Uganda

    Author(s): Raballand, GaëlMacchi, PatriciaPetracco, Carly

    This report is the second in a series of studies on transport and aid effectiveness in Sub-Saharan Africa. It follows a study on transport costs and prices along the main international trade corridors (Teravaninthorn and Raballand 2008). One of the principal findings of the research on international corridors in Africa was that trucking market...

  • Report  |   2010

    Enhancing Regional Integration of Landlocked Developing Countries in North and Central Asia Through Infrastructure Connectivity

    Author(s): Handjiski, Borko ; Lucas, Robert ; Martin, Philip ; Guerin, Selen Sarisoy

    Countries of the Southeast Europe (SEE) region have witnessed significant economic improvement since the beginning of their transition to market economies in the early 1990s. Growth has been particularly strong in the past six years, but still lower than in other fast growing countries in the East Asia and Baltic regions, or some of the other new...

  • Report  |   2010

    Understanding the Benefits of Regional Integration to Trade: The Application of a Gravity Model to the Case of Central America

    Author(s): Marcelo Gordillo, Darwin ; Schwartz, Jordan Z. ; Stokenberga, Aiga

    The paper identifies the impact of physical barriers to trade within Central America through the use of an augmented and partially constrained Gravity Model of Trade. Adjusting the Euclidian distance factor for Central America by real average transport times, the model quantifies the impact of poor connectivity and border frictions on the region...

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