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  • Report  |   2017

    Unlocking the Potential for East and North-East Asian Regional Economic Cooperation and Integration

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    Amid the continuing uncertainty in the global trade, widening social disparities, and increasing environmental concerns, the forthcoming publication entitled "Unlocking the Potential for East and North-East Asia Regional Economic Cooperation and Integration" aims to lay the groundwork for building bridges between East and North-East...

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Trade in the Digital Economy – A Primer on Global Data Flows for Policymakers

    Author(s): International Chamber of Commerce

    ICC has developed this primer to assist policymakers in addressing the negative implications for growth from blanket restrictions to data flows. In addition, the paper stresses the importance of creating trusted environments to better enable use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and related data flows. The primer concludes with...

  • Report  |   2017

    Measuring Digital Trade: Towards A Conceptual Framework

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The Internet and digitalisation are fundamentally changing the way people, businesses and governments interact, including across borders. The growing importance of what is commonly referred to as ‘digital trade’ and the emergence of new (and disruptive) players has resulted in increased interest from within the statistics community and amongst...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade: Developing a Framework for Analysis

    Author(s): González, Javier López ; Jouanjean, Marie-Agnes

    This paper explores the definition, measurement, and policy implications of digital trade, proposing a tentative typology of digital trade that can be used to unpack transactions and analyse the issues. Digitalisation is changing what and how we trade: from digital delivery to greater physical trade enabled by digital connectivity. Online...

  • Report  |   2012

    Logistics Costs and Competitiveness: Measurement and Trade Policy Applications

    Author(s): Shepherd, Ben

    This paper examines the issue of measuring logistics costs from an applied trade policy research perspective, and identifies/maps the logistics-intensive sectors. It explores into a range of data sources and methodologies in an effort to move forward on the analysis of logistics costs from a trade policy research perspective. Going forward, it...

  • Report  |   2017

    Measuring and Analyzing the Impact of GVCs on Economic Development

    Author(s): Institute of Developing Economies ; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; Research Center of Global Value Chains ; World Bank Group ; World Trade Organization

    This flagship publication discusses how to better understand the ongoing development and evolution of global value chains (GVC) and their implications for economic development. This report is the result of intensive and detailed work in assembling and analyzing data on the structure of economies and their link to growth and trade. It reflects on...

  • Report  |   2017

    South Asia Economic Focus, Spring 2017: Globalization Backlash

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    South Asia remains the fastest growing region in the world. With a strong performance in the eastern part of the region – in particular in Bhutan, Bangladesh and India – the region defied disappointing world growth in 2016. Inflation slowed down in the second half of 2016, mainly due to lower food prices, but appears to be turning up again....

  • Report  |   2006

    Economic Cooperation in the Wider Central Asia Region

    Author(s): Byrd, William ; Raiser, Martin

    This paper lays out the big issues that affect regional cooperation and development in the wider Central Asia region, and analyzes in greater detail areas where there appear to be good prospects for progress in the short run. The paper develops a framework for approaching regional cooperation in the wider Central Asia region, based on identifying...

  • Report  |   2012

    Risk-Based Compliance Management: Making it Work in Border Management Agencies

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    The World Bank's publication Border Management Modernization (2011) provides policymakers and reformers with a comprehensive 'whole of government' perspective on improving trade facilitation through better border management. This reference and implementation guide has been developed to supplement the information provided in the...

  • Report  |   2017

    Africa's Cities: Opening Doors to the World

    Author(s): Lall, Somik Vinay ; Henderson, J. Vernon ; Venables, Anthony J.

    Cities in Sub-Saharan Africa are experiencing rapid population growth. Yet their economic growth has not kept pace. Why? One factor might be low capital investment, due in part to Africa’s relative poverty: Other regions have reached similar stages of urbanization at higher per capita GDP. This study, however, identifies a deeper reason: African...

  • Report  |   2012

    Borderless Bazaars and Regional Integration in Central Asia: Emerging Patterns of Trade and Cross-Border Cooperation

    Author(s): Kaminski, Bartlomiej ; Mitra, Saumya

    Local populations' economic opportunities can be enhanced through special arrangements governing movement of people and goods in neighboring areas. For instance, in the Tajikistan-Uzbekistan border-crossing points (BCPs), preferential treatment accorded to residents in contiguous regions varies from one BCP to another, even within one...

  • Report  |   2012

    Collaborative Border Management: A New Approach to an Old Problem

    Author(s): McLinden, Gerard

    Border clearance processes are among the most problematic links in the global supply chain and frequently undermine national competitiveness by increasing the cost of exports and reducing reliability of supply. As a result, securing meaningful reform of border management procedures has become an important issue for the development community....

  • Report  |   2012

    Counting the Costs of Compliance with Trade Requirements from a Value Chain Perspective: Evidence from Southern Africa

    Author(s): Keyser, John

    This note uses a value chain perspective to show how the cost of complying with regional trade requirements affects agriculture competitiveness and rural incomes. On the one hand, phytosanitary rules, product standards, and certification procedures are important to protect human, animal, and plant health. These requirements also help to improve...

  • Report  |   2017

    Reaping Digital Dividends: Leveraging the Internet for Development in Europe and Central Asia

    Author(s): Kelly, Tim ; Liaplina, Aleksandra ; Tan, Shawn W. ; Winkler, Hernan

    From East to West, the economies of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) are not taking full advantage of the internet to foster economic growth and job creation. The residents of Central Asia and the South Caucasus pay some of the highest prices in the world for internet connections that are slow and unreliable. In contrast, Europe enjoys some of the...

  • Report  |   2017

    Trouble in the Making?: The Future of Manufacturing-Led Development

    Author(s): Hallward-Driemeier, Mary C. ; Nayyar, Gaurav

    In the past, manufacturing-led development typically delivered both productivity gains and job creation for unskilled labor. Looking ahead, changing technologies and shifting globalization patterns call the feasibility of manufacturing-led development strategies into question. Things, advanced robotics, and 3-D printing are shifting the criteria...

  • Report  |   2017

    Progress Report on Implementation of the TEN-T Network in 2014-2015

    Author(s): European Commission

    This report is the starting point for a process of regular and comprehensive reporting at the highest level on the technical and financial status of the core and  comprehensive trans-European transport network. Trade Transport European Commission Download PDF https://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/infrastructure/news/2017-06-21-progress-re... CASE...

  • Report  |   2012

    Liability and Compensation for Ship-Source Oil Pollution: An Overview of the International Legal Framework for Oil Pollution Damage from Tankers- Studies in Transport Law and Policy- 2012 No. 1

    Author(s): Asariotis, Regina ; Lavelle, Jennifer ; Benamara, Hassiba ; Premti, Anila

    The report provides a detailed analytical overview of the existing legal framework and considers the potential benefits of accession to the most modern legal instruments in the field, which may offer Contracting States substantial compensation in case of an oil spill in their territorial waters or Exclusive Economic Zone. Trade Transport...

  • Report  |   2017

    Review of Maritime Transport 2017

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    The Review of Maritime Transport is an UNCTAD flagship publication, published annually since 1968. Around 80 percent of the volume of international trade in goods is carried by sea, and the percentage is even higher for most developing countries. The Review of Maritime Transport provides an analysis of structural and cyclical changes affecting...

  • Presentation  |   2017

    E-Commerce & Trade Facilitation- Challenges and Opportunities

    Author(s): Gain, Bill

    Trade ICT Gain, Bill Download PDF http://unctad.org/SearchCenter/Pages/Results.aspx?k=connectivity&r=unctadcontenttype%3D%22Presentation%22&start1=101 Border management e-commerce technology cross border border border agencies paperwork Customs border procedures INTERNET e-payment integration air connectivity logistics last mile...

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Internet Crossing Borders: Boosting the Internet in Landlocked Developing Countries Executive Summary

    Author(s): Internet Society

    Trade ICT Internet Society Download PDF https://www.internetsociety.org/resources/doc/2017/lldcreport Greater Mekong Subregion Information Highway Landlocked Developing Countries trade obstacles transaction costs Customs systems fiber optic submarine cables INTERNET Information Technology Trade Facilitation single windows e-payments regional...

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