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  • Report  |   2012

    Logistics Costs and Competitiveness: Measurement and Trade Policy Applications

    Author(s): Shepherd, Ben

    This paper examines the issue of measuring logistics costs from an applied trade policy research perspective, and identifies/maps the logistics-intensive sectors. It explores into a range of data sources and methodologies in an effort to move forward on the analysis of logistics costs from a trade policy research perspective. Going forward, it...

  • Report  |   2006

    Economic Cooperation in the Wider Central Asia Region

    Author(s): Byrd, William ; Raiser, Martin

    This paper lays out the big issues that affect regional cooperation and development in the wider Central Asia region, and analyzes in greater detail areas where there appear to be good prospects for progress in the short run. The paper develops a framework for approaching regional cooperation in the wider Central Asia region, based on identifying...

  • Report  |   2012

    Risk-Based Compliance Management: Making it Work in Border Management Agencies

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    The World Bank's publication Border Management Modernization (2011) provides policymakers and reformers with a comprehensive 'whole of government' perspective on improving trade facilitation through better border management. This reference and implementation guide has been developed to supplement the information provided in the...

  • Report  |   2012

    Borderless Bazaars and Regional Integration in Central Asia: Emerging Patterns of Trade and Cross-Border Cooperation

    Author(s): Kaminski, Bartlomiej ; Mitra, Saumya

    Local populations' economic opportunities can be enhanced through special arrangements governing movement of people and goods in neighboring areas. For instance, in the Tajikistan-Uzbekistan border-crossing points (BCPs), preferential treatment accorded to residents in contiguous regions varies from one BCP to another, even within one...

  • Report  |   2012

    Collaborative Border Management: A New Approach to an Old Problem

    Author(s): McLinden, Gerard

    Border clearance processes are among the most problematic links in the global supply chain and frequently undermine national competitiveness by increasing the cost of exports and reducing reliability of supply. As a result, securing meaningful reform of border management procedures has become an important issue for the development community....

  • Report  |   2012

    Counting the Costs of Compliance with Trade Requirements from a Value Chain Perspective: Evidence from Southern Africa

    Author(s): Keyser, John

    This note uses a value chain perspective to show how the cost of complying with regional trade requirements affects agriculture competitiveness and rural incomes. On the one hand, phytosanitary rules, product standards, and certification procedures are important to protect human, animal, and plant health. These requirements also help to improve...

  • Report  |   2012

    Liability and Compensation for Ship-Source Oil Pollution: An Overview of the International Legal Framework for Oil Pollution Damage from Tankers- Studies in Transport Law and Policy- 2012 No. 1

    Author(s): Asariotis, Regina ; Lavelle, Jennifer ; Benamara, Hassiba ; Premti, Anila

    The report provides a detailed analytical overview of the existing legal framework and considers the potential benefits of accession to the most modern legal instruments in the field, which may offer Contracting States substantial compensation in case of an oil spill in their territorial waters or Exclusive Economic Zone. Trade Transport...

  • Report  |   2012

    Infrastructure for Asian Connectivity

    Author(s): Bhattacharyay, Biswa Nath ; Kawai, Masahiro ; Nag, Rajat M

    This book addresses the prospects and challenges concerning both soft and hard infrastructure development in Asia and provides a framework for achieving Asian connectivity through regional infrastructure cooperation towards a seamless Asia. Key topics include:- demand estimates of national and regional infrastructure in transport, electricity,...

  • Report  |   2010

    Institutions for Asian Connectivity

    Author(s): Bhattacharyay, Biswa Nath

    To make Asia more economically sustainable and resilient against external shocks, regional economies need to be rebalanced toward regional demand- and trade-driven growth through increased regional connectivity. The effectiveness of connectivity depends on the quality of hard and soft infrastructure. Of particular importance in terms of soft...

  • Report  |   2012

    Regional Cooperation and Integration through Cross-Border Infrastructure Development in South Asia: Impact on Poverty

    Author(s): Srinivasan, P.V.

    This paper examines the poverty reduction potential of regional cooperation in cross-border infrastructure within South Asia and identifies priority areas for intervention. It analyzes the direct links between cross-border infrastructure and beneficial impacts on poverty such as improved access to markets, health services, and education and the...

  • Report  |   2012

    Trade and Trade Facilitation in the Greater Mekong Subregion

    Author(s): Srivastava, Pradeep ; Kumar, Utsav

    The Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Program, with support from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and other development partners, has scored impressive gains in promoting regional connectivity over the past 2 decades. Efforts have also been made to strengthen institutions and policies for trade and transport facilitation to increase the impact of...

  • Report  |   2010

    Caribbean Trade and Integration: Trends and Future Prospects

    Author(s): Freckleton, Marie ; Mulder, Nanno ; Pellandra, Andrea ; Caldentey, Esteban Perez

    This paper analyses recent trends and future prospects in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), an incomplete customs union of 15 States in the Caribbean that includes most English speaking countries in the region plus Haiti and Suriname. In these small economies, the promotion of exports is of utmost importance, as in the medium term these are the...

  • Report  |   2012

    UNASUR- Infrastructure for Regional Integration

    Author(s): United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

    This document is the second in a series prepared by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the General Secretariat of UNASUR in the framework of intensive collaboration between the two bodies. Its main purpose is to provide national and subnational government authorities, the academic and business sectors, and the...

  • Report  |   2010

    Rural Road Investment Efficiency- Lessons from Burkina Faso, Cameroon, and Uganda

    Author(s): Raballand, GaëlMacchi, PatriciaPetracco, Carly

    This report is the second in a series of studies on transport and aid effectiveness in Sub-Saharan Africa. It follows a study on transport costs and prices along the main international trade corridors (Teravaninthorn and Raballand 2008). One of the principal findings of the research on international corridors in Africa was that trucking market...

  • Report  |   2010

    Enhancing Regional Integration of Landlocked Developing Countries in North and Central Asia Through Infrastructure Connectivity

    Author(s): Handjiski, Borko ; Lucas, Robert ; Martin, Philip ; Guerin, Selen Sarisoy

    Countries of the Southeast Europe (SEE) region have witnessed significant economic improvement since the beginning of their transition to market economies in the early 1990s. Growth has been particularly strong in the past six years, but still lower than in other fast growing countries in the East Asia and Baltic regions, or some of the other new...

  • Report  |   2010

    Understanding the Benefits of Regional Integration to Trade: The Application of a Gravity Model to the Case of Central America

    Author(s): Marcelo Gordillo, Darwin ; Schwartz, Jordan Z. ; Stokenberga, Aiga

    The paper identifies the impact of physical barriers to trade within Central America through the use of an augmented and partially constrained Gravity Model of Trade. Adjusting the Euclidian distance factor for Central America by real average transport times, the model quantifies the impact of poor connectivity and border frictions on the region...

  • Report  |   2010

    Critical Evaluation of Cross-Border Infrastructure Projects in Asia

    Author(s): Fujimura, Manabu ; Adhikari, Ramesh

    This paper attempts to fill gaps faced by policymakers and practitioners in the evaluation of cross-border infrastructure projects. It first defines what constitutes cross-border infrastructure projects, and then outlines an analytical framework and criteria to evaluate them. The criteria identify additionalities and externalities specific to...

  • Report  |   2012

    Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Grant for Kenya: Adaptable Program Lending for Infrastructure Finance and Public-Private Partnership Project

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    This World Bank project appraisal document discusses an example of how the World Bank used its technical assistance loans to support the Infrastructure Finance and Public-Private Partnership Project in Kenya. The overall objective of this $40 million loan is to increase private investment in Kenya’s infrastructure, and to sustain private sector...

  • Report  |   2012

    Handbook of Best Practices at Border Crossing- A Trade and Transport Facilitation Perspective

    Author(s): United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

    The OSCE-UNECE Handbook of Best Practices at Border Crossings – A Trade and Transport Facilitation Perspective offers a unique opportunity for countries both in and beyond the OSCE/UNECE region to develop border and customs policies that increase security and more efficiently facilitate international trade and transport. Trade Transport United...

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