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  • Report  |   2016

    Enhancing Regional Power Trade in Central Asia

    Author(s): Myroshnychenko, Yuriy ; Owen, Kirby

    In response to a request from Central Asian (CA) countries at the CAREC Energy Sector Coordination Committee meeting, held in March 2015 in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, the World Bank commissioned a study to estimate unrealized benefits from regional power trade for the four Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan...

  • Report  |   2013

    Middle East and North Africa-- Integration of Electricity Networks in the Arab World: Regional Market Structure and Design

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    The Arab countries have enjoyed sustained economic growth in recent years, and the high economic growth has triggered a rapid increase in energy demand, particularly for electricity. Besides enabling energy imports, interconnected power networks impart a series of additional benefits such as improved system reliability, reduced reserve margins,...

  • Report  |   2013

    Regional Gas Trade Projects in Arab Countries

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Arab countries hold about 29 percent of the world's proven gas reserves, but every country (except Qatar and Algeria) is short of the gas supply needed to meet its current and projected demand. The rapid growth in gas demand is mostly a consequence of a sharp increase in electricity consumption. Gas trade in the Arab world has been dominated...

  • Report  |   2008

    Potential and Prospects for Regional Energy Trade in the South Asia Region

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    South Asian region is enjoying unprecedented economic growth. The growth, however, is becoming constrained by significant shortages in energy supply, and unless corrective steps are urgently initiated and implemented, it may be difficult to sustain the achieved growth rates. The region's political leaders and its business community are...

  • Report  |   2016

    Competitiveness of South Asia’s Container Ports: A Comprehensive Assessment of Performance, Drivers, and Costs

    Author(s): Herrera Dappe, Matías ; Suárez-Alemán, Ancor

    South Asia's trade almost doubled in the past decade, but the share of trade in GDP is still smaller (47 percent) than in East Asia (55 percent), and South Asia's economic competitiveness continues to lag that of other regions. Part of the problem is the region's container ports. As a result of inefficiencies, the average cost of...

  • Report  |   2013

    Border Crossing Monitoring along the Northern Corridor

    Author(s): Fitzmaurice, Mike ; Hartmann, Olivier

    Border-crossing times in East Africa have been identified as a major constraint for smooth trade flows, both for regional trade and for international transit. Delays at borders disrupt efficient trade logistics, impacting on the transport costs and prices, and ultimately on trade competitiveness. In order to improve the efficiency of border...

  • Report  |   2008

    Lessons of Corridor Performance Measurement

    Author(s): Raballand, Gael ; Marteau, Jean-Francois ; Kunaka, Charles ; Kabanguka, Jean-Kizito ; Hartmann, Olivier

    This paper aims at presenting the methodological lessons of corridor performance measurement carried out in Africa. Based on current experience, the authors conclude that, while road drivers' trip diaries may be useful, the core of monitoring activities should mostly rely on existing consolidated data (customs and port data) and limited...

  • Report  |   2013

    Corridor Transport Observatory Guidelines

    Author(s): Hartmann, Olivier

    The Northern Corridor, connecting East Africa to the World through the port of Mombasa, is one of the oldest corridor authorities in Africa, as it was established in 1985. Throughout its years of existence, it has been a source of ideas and knowledge that contributed to the thinking on trade facilitation. To a large extent, it is the birthplace...

  • Report  |   2013

    Quantitative Analysis of Road Transport Agreements (QuARTA)

    Author(s): Kunaka, Charles ; Tanase, Virginia ; Latrille, Pierre ; Krausz, Peter

    Road freight transport is indispensable to international economic cooperation and foreign trade. Across all continents, it is commonly used for short and medium distances and in long distance haulage when minimizing time is important. In all instances governments play a critical role in ensuring the competitive advantage of private sector...

  • Report  |   2013

    Guidelines for Mainstreaming Road Safety in Regional Trade Road Corridors

    Author(s): Breen, Jeanne M. ; Humphreys, Richard Martin ; Melibaeva, Sevara

    The global crisis of road traffic injury is escalating in low-income and middle income countries to devastating effect; with road traffic crashes a leading cause of death. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1.24 million people were killed on the world's roads in 2010 and between 20-50 million more suffer non-fatal injuries...

  • Report  |   2016

    Road Freight Transport Services Reform: Guiding Principles for Practitioners and Policy Makers

    Author(s): Tanase, Virginia ; Kunaka, Charles ; Paustian, Nina ; Philipp, Patrick

    Cost-effective and high quality transport systems are key to modern logistics. Their role can only be expected to grow even as the global economy goes through profound transformation in terms of how, where and when goods are produced or distributed. In many economies and at many different geographical scales, road transport remains the...

  • Report  |   2008

    Trade and Transport Facilitation in South Asia: Systems in Transition, Volume 1. Summary and Main Report

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Over the past few decades, the World trading system has become increasingly more open. Tariff rates have been reduced and quantitative restrictions (quotas) have been progressively eliminated, e.g., the Multi-Fiber Agreement (MFA). Most countries have adopted more outward-looking economic policies, seeking to increase growth and employment...

  • Report  |   2008

    Trade and Transport Facilitation in South Asia: Systems in Transition, Volume 2. Annexes

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Over the past few decades, the World trading system has become increasingly more open. Tariff rates have been reduced and quantitative restrictions (quotas) have been progressively eliminated, e.g., the Multi-Fiber Agreement (MFA). Most countries have adopted more outward-looking economic policies, seeking to increase growth and employment...

  • Report  |   2016

    South Asia's Turn: Policies to Boost Competitiveness and Create the Next Export Powerhouse

    Author(s): Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys C. ; Medvedev, Denis ; Palmade, Vincent

    South Asia has a huge need to create more and better jobs for a growing population – especially in the manufacturing industries where it is underperforming as compared to East Asia. The report examines three critical and relatively understudied drivers of competitiveness: Economies of agglomeration: firms and workers accrue benefits from locating...

  • Report  |   2016

    Making Global Value Chains Work for Development

    Author(s): Taglioni, Daria ; Winkler, Deborah Elisabeth

    Economic, technological, and political shifts as well as changing business strategies have driven firms to unbundle production processes and disperse them across countries. Thanks to these changes, developing countries can now increase their participation in global value chains (GVCs) and thus become more competitive in agriculture, manufacturing...

  • Report  |   2013

    Reducing Poverty by Closing South Asia's Infrastructure Gap

    Author(s): Andres, Luis ; Biller, Dan ; Dappe, Matias Herrera

    Despite recent rapid growth and poverty reduction, the South Asia Region (SAR) continues to suffer from a combination of insufficient economic growth, slow urbanization, and huge infrastructure gaps that together could jeopardize future progress. It is also home to the largest pool of individuals living under the poverty line of any region,...

  • Report  |   2013

    State of Logistics Indonesia 2013

    Author(s): Bahagia, Ir. Senator Nur ; Sandee, Henry ; Meeuws, Rene

    Indonesia is the world largest archipelagic country consisting of more than 17,000 islands spread over more than 5,000 kilometers from west to east. The land area is 1,860,360 km² and the sea area 5,800,000 km² with a total of 81,000 km of coastal line. The population is more than 237 million (2010). The population density is 124 inhabitants per...

  • Report  |   2013

    Moving Forward: Developing Highway PPPs in Lao PDR

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    This Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) report provides an overview of how Laos’ vision to transform itself from a landlocked to a “land-linked” country in the heart of the Greater Mekong Subregion can be realized through improving its highway network. It advises the Government of Lao on the necessary considerations and steps...

  • Report  |   2016

    Indonesia: First Indonesia Logistics Reform Development Policy Loan Project

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Development Policy Loans (DPL) provide support to governments for a program of policy and institutional actions to help achieve sustainable and shared growth. The policy actions are a result of careful research analysis, stakeholder discussions and deliberation by both the government and the World Bank. The development objective of the First...

  • Report  |   2016

    Benchmarking PPP Procurement 2017: Assessing Government Capability to Prepare, Procure and Manage PPPs

    Author(s): Ghossein, Tania ; Tejada Ibañez, Mikel ; Alreshaid, Nasser ; Khamudkhanov, Khasankhon ; Traboulsi, Zeina ; Larroque, Helene Candice ; Ruiz-Nuñez, Fernanda

    The right governance framework is necessary for PPP procurement. Benchmarking PPP Procurement 2017 is the first attempt to collect and present comparable and actionable data on PPP procurement on a large scale, by providing an assessment of the regulatory frameworks and recognized practices that govern PPP procurement across 82 economies. It...

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