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  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Trade in the Digital Economy – A Primer on Global Data Flows for Policymakers

    Author(s): International Chamber of Commerce

    ICC has developed this primer to assist policymakers in addressing the negative implications for growth from blanket restrictions to data flows. In addition, the paper stresses the importance of creating trusted environments to better enable use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and related data flows. The primer concludes with...

  • Report  |   2017

    Spatial Autocorrelation Panel Regression: Agricultural Production and Transport Connectivity

    Author(s): Iimi, Atsushi ; You, Liangzhi ; Wood-Sichra, Ulrike

    Spatial analysis in economics is becoming increasingly important as more spatial data and innovative data mining technologies are developed. Even in Africa, where data often crucially lack quality analysis, a variety of spatial data have recently been developed, such as highly disaggregated crop production maps. Taking advantage of the historical...

  • Report  |   2017

    Port Rail Connectivity and Agricultural Production: Evidence from a Large Sample of Farmers in Ethiopia

    Author(s): Iimi, Atsushi ; Adamtei, Haileyesus ; Markland, James ; Tsehaye, Eyasu

    Agriculture remains an important economic sector in Africa, employing a large share of the labor force and earning foreign exchange. Among others, transport connectivity has long been a crucial constraint in Africa. In theory, railways have a particularly important role to play in shipping freight and passengers at low cost. However, most African...

  • Report  |   2016

    Indonesia: First Indonesia Logistics Reform Development Policy Loan Project

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Development Policy Loans (DPL) provide support to governments for a program of policy and institutional actions to help achieve sustainable and shared growth. The policy actions are a result of careful research analysis, stakeholder discussions and deliberation by both the government and the World Bank. The development objective of the First...

  • Policy Brief  |   2016

    International Financial Integration of East Asia and Pacific

    Author(s): Didier Brandao, Tatiana ; Llovet Montanes, Ruth ; Schmukler, Sergio L.

    This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of how economies in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region have been integrating financially with the rest of the world since the 1990s, using bilateral data on portfolio investments, syndicated bank loans, mergers and acquisitions (M&As), and greenfield investments. Four main messages emerge from...

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Low-Cost Technology to Improve Aviation Safety and Efficiency: Investment Program Brings Modernized Aviation Information Technology to Pacific Islands

    Author(s): De Serio, Christopher J. ; Giovannitti, Aldo

    The World Bank’s Pacific Aviation Investment Program (PAIP) is bringing state-of-the-art air traffic management and satellite-based ground communications to airports and small aircraft operators in seven Pacific island countries and territories. These advances, coming online in 2017, will vastly improve the safety and efficiency of South Pacific...

  • Policy Brief  |   2016

    Innovation by Design: Conducting a Border-Crossing Time-Release Study in Belarus

    Author(s): Tetyora, Victoria ; Shemshenya, Irina ; Abrashkevich, Aliaksandr

    In 2015, the World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC) conducted a border-crossing time-release study (TRS) at three points on the Belarus border. The joint team customized a standard survey methodology to gather a wider range of data as well as to overcome time and other resource constraints. This smart lesson describes the team’s...

  • Report  |   2016

    White Paper- Global Energy Interconnection

    Author(s): International Electrotechnical Commission

    Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces. However, one fifth of the world population still lacks access to energy and 3 billion people rely on wood, coal or animal waste for cooking and heating. Today, sustainable energy and climate change are big global concerns.   The interconnection of grids would open...

  • Report  |   2017

    Two to Tango: An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support for Fostering Regional Integration

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Three overlapping forces shape economic and political systems in the contemporary world order: globalization, regionalism and nationalism. The first wave of regionalism in the 1960-1980 was primarily driven by the trade and tariff agenda, followed by the second wave in the 1980-2000 when regionalism was seen as a useful supplement to...

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