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Report | 2011
The Air Connectivity Index: Measuring Integration in the Global Air Transport Network
Author(s): Arvis, Jean-François ; Shepherd, Ben
The authors construct a new measure of connectivity in the global air transport network, covering 211 countries and territories for the year 2007. It is grounded in network analysis methods, and is based on a gravity-like model that is familiar from the international trade and regional science literatures. It is a global measure of connectivity,...
Report | 2016
Indonesia: First Indonesia Logistics Reform Development Policy Loan Project
Author(s): World Bank Group
Development Policy Loans (DPL) provide support to governments for a program of policy and institutional actions to help achieve sustainable and shared growth. The policy actions are a result of careful research analysis, stakeholder discussions and deliberation by both the government and the World Bank. The development objective of the First...
Policy Brief | 2016
International Financial Integration of East Asia and Pacific
Author(s): Didier Brandao, Tatiana ; Llovet Montanes, Ruth ; Schmukler, Sergio L.
This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of how economies in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region have been integrating financially with the rest of the world since the 1990s, using bilateral data on portfolio investments, syndicated bank loans, mergers and acquisitions (M&As), and greenfield investments. Four main messages emerge from...
Policy Brief | 2016
Innovation by Design: Conducting a Border-Crossing Time-Release Study in Belarus
Author(s): Tetyora, Victoria ; Shemshenya, Irina ; Abrashkevich, Aliaksandr
In 2015, the World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC) conducted a border-crossing time-release study (TRS) at three points on the Belarus border. The joint team customized a standard survey methodology to gather a wider range of data as well as to overcome time and other resource constraints. This smart lesson describes the team’s...