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  • Report  |   2014

    Improving Trade and Transport for Landlocked Developing Countries: A Ten-Year Review

    Author(s): Dairabayeva, Karlygash Serikovna

    Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) are completely dependent on their transit neighbors' infrastructure and administrative procedures to transport their goods to port. This publication provides a comprehensive ten-year review in order to assess the progress made in improving access of LLDCs to global markets, identify the remaining...

  • Report  |   2014

    Trade and Transport Corridor Management Toolkit

    Author(s): Carruthers, Robin ; Kunaka, Charles

    A trade and transport corridor is a coordinated bundle of transport and logistics infrastructure and services that facilitates trade and transport flows between major centers of economic activity. Providing a comprehensive guide to tools and techniques for corridor projects is important, as the volume of such projects is likely to increase....

  • Report  |   2014

    Reviving Trade Routes: Evidence from the Maputo Corridor

    Author(s): Sequeira, Sandra ; Hartmann, Olivier ; Kunaka, Charles

    This report draws on the successes and failures of the Maputo Corridor in Africa, and informs readers on the challenges of private sector participation in the corridor transport systems and the associated policy reforms required to improve corridor efficiency. Trade Transport Sequeira, Sandra; Hartmann, Olivier; Kunaka, Charles Download PDF World...

  • Report  |   2014

    The Eurasian Connection: Supply-Chain Efficiency along the Modern Silk Route through Central Asia

    Author(s): Rastogi, Cordula ; Arvis, Jean-Francois

    Central Asia is often associated with the silk route or road, the longest overland trade route connecting China to Europe and one of the oldest in history. Growth opportunities and the future prosperity of the region are highly dependent upon the efficiency of its internal and external supply-chain connections, which is the focus of this report....

  • Report  |   2014

    A Review of International Legal Instruments: Facilitation of Transport and Trade in Africa, Second Edition

    Author(s): de Matons, Jean Grosdidier

    This is the second edition of the 2003 paper entitled "Facilitation of transport and trade in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review of international legal instruments — Treaties, conventions, protocols, decisions, directives.", developed as part of the SSATP program. Three major reasons motivated this update and an expansion of its scope. First...

  • Report  |   2016

    South Asia's Turn: Policies to Boost Competitiveness and Create the Next Export Powerhouse

    Author(s): Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys C. ; Medvedev, Denis ; Palmade, Vincent

    South Asia has a huge need to create more and better jobs for a growing population – especially in the manufacturing industries where it is underperforming as compared to East Asia. The report examines three critical and relatively understudied drivers of competitiveness: Economies of agglomeration: firms and workers accrue benefits from locating...

  • Report  |   2016

    Making Global Value Chains Work for Development

    Author(s): Taglioni, Daria ; Winkler, Deborah Elisabeth

    Economic, technological, and political shifts as well as changing business strategies have driven firms to unbundle production processes and disperse them across countries. Thanks to these changes, developing countries can now increase their participation in global value chains (GVCs) and thus become more competitive in agriculture, manufacturing...

  • Report  |   2014

    Valuing Services in Trade: A Toolkit for Competitiveness Diagnostics

    Author(s): Hollweg, Claire Honore ; Van Der Marel, Erik Leendert ; Sáez, Juan Sebastián ; Taglioni, Daria ; Zavacka, Veronika

    The Service Trade Competitiveness Diagnostic (STDC) Toolkit is part of a larger agenda of trade competitiveness work developed by the World Bank's International Trade Unit in recent years. Services are a key input in countries' trade competitiveness, as well as a new source of trade diversification, making it critical to understand what...

  • Report  |   2014

    Improving Behavior at Borders to Promote Trade Formalization: the Charter for Cross-Border Traders

    Author(s): Brenton, Paul ; Dihel, Nora ; Hoppe, Mombert ; Soprano, Carmine

    Informal trade supports the livelihood of hundreds of thousands of households in Africa, reaches markets and clients that are underserved by formal channels, and contributes to regional food security. Despite numerous benefits, conducting cross-border transactions remains expensive for small traders in Africa. For example, small traders in Malawi...

  • Report  |   2016

    Indonesia: First Indonesia Logistics Reform Development Policy Loan Project

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Development Policy Loans (DPL) provide support to governments for a program of policy and institutional actions to help achieve sustainable and shared growth. The policy actions are a result of careful research analysis, stakeholder discussions and deliberation by both the government and the World Bank. The development objective of the First...

  • Report  |   2016

    East Asia and Pacific- Enhancing ASEAN Connectivity Monitoring and Evaluation

    Author(s): Marcelo Gordillo, Darwin ; Mandri-Perrott, Xavier Cledan ; House, Ruth Schuyler

    As Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) approaches end 2015, this report takes stock of the progress to date and draws out lessons for the next stage of ASEAN’s connectivity journey. The realization of an integrated ASEAN community demands connectedness vis improved and expanded transport, communications, and energy infrastructure; the...

  • Presentation  |   2016

    World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    On Monday, February 1, 2016, the  World Bank Group Office in Geneva  and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) co-hosted a presentation of the “ World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends.” The 2016 World Development Report examines how the internet can be a force for development, especially for the poor in...

  • Report  |   2016

    Asia-Europe Connectivity Vision 2025- Challenges and Opportunities

    Author(s): Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia

    The Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) enters into its third decade with commitments for a renewed and deepened engagement between Asia and Europe. After 20 years, and with tremendous global and regional changes behind it, there is a consensus that ASEM must bring out a new road map of Asia-Europe connectivity and cooperation. It is commonly understood...

  • Policy Brief  |   2016

    International Financial Integration of East Asia and Pacific

    Author(s): Didier Brandao, Tatiana ; Llovet Montanes, Ruth ; Schmukler, Sergio L.

    This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of how economies in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region have been integrating financially with the rest of the world since the 1990s, using bilateral data on portfolio investments, syndicated bank loans, mergers and acquisitions (M&As), and greenfield investments. Four main messages emerge from...

  • Report  |   2016

    Capacity to Grow: Transport Infrastructure Needs for Future Trade Growth

    Author(s): International Transport Forum

    This report examines the consequences of increased global trade on the world’s transport infrastructure. More complex international freight flows as a result of diversified global trade patterns will change capacity requirements and increasingly reshape global transport networks over the coming decades. Policy makers need to understand now how...

  • Report  |   2016

    The Impact of China on Europe and Central Asia

    Author(s): Timmer, Hans ; Bussolo, Maurizio ; Gould, David Michael ; Letelier, Raquel Alejandra ; Nguyen, Tu Chi ; Panterov, Georgi Lyudmilov ; Shaw, William ; Ushakova, Ekaterina ; Burns, Andrew ; Izvorski, Ivailo V. ; Pigato, Miria A. ; Sanchez, Carolina

    The economies of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) are facing complex challenges. In the eastern part of the region the task of governments is to orchestrate a coordinated crisis response. The collapse of oil revenues and the associated decline in remittances triggered a chain reaction of shocks. Adjustment to these shocks requires a new monetary...

  • Policy Brief  |   2016

    Innovation by Design: Conducting a Border-Crossing Time-Release Study in Belarus

    Author(s): Tetyora, Victoria ; Shemshenya, Irina ; Abrashkevich, Aliaksandr

    In 2015, the World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC) conducted a border-crossing time-release study (TRS) at three points on the Belarus border. The joint team customized a standard survey methodology to gather a wider range of data as well as to overcome time and other resource constraints. This smart lesson describes the team’s...

  • Report  |   2016

    Prioritizing Infrastructure Investment: A Framework for Government Decision Making

    Author(s): Marcelo Gordillo, Darwin ; Mandri-Perrott, Xavier Cledan ; House, Ruth Schuyler ; Schwartz, Jordan Z.

    Governments must decide how to allocate limited resources for infrastructure development, particularly since financing gaps have been projected for the coming decades. Social cost-benefit analysis provides sound project appraisal and, when systematically applied, a basis for prioritization. In some instances, however, capacity and resource...

  • Report  |   2014

    Integrating Border Regions: Connectivity and Competitiveness in South Asia

    Author(s): Cali, Massimiliano ; Farole, Thomas ; Kunaka, Charles ; Wagle, Swarnim

    Deeper regional integration can be beneficial especially for regions along international borders. It can open up new markets on opposite sides of borders and give consumers wider access to cheaper goods. This paper uses data from five contiguous districts of India, Nepal, and Bangladesh in the northeast of the subcontinent to measure the degrees...

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