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  • Presentation  |   2016

    World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    On Monday, February 1, 2016, the  World Bank Group Office in Geneva  and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) co-hosted a presentation of the “ World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends.” The 2016 World Development Report examines how the internet can be a force for development, especially for the poor in...

  • Report  |   2017

    Western Balkans: Regional Economic Integration Issues Notes

    Author(s): World Bank

    The Western Balkan countries, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, the former Yugoslav Republic (FYR) of Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia, achieved strong growth and poverty reduction since the start of the transition to market economies. Despite progress, today the six Western Balkan countries remain among the poorest in Europe, overtaken...

  • Report  |   2017

    Better Neighbors: Toward a Renewal of Economic Integration in Latin America

    Author(s): Bown, Chad P.Lederman, DanielPienknagura, SamuelRobertson, Raymond

    In a clear break from its past, Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), particularly South America, experienced a growth spurt with equity during the first decade of the 21st century. One policy area that has moved back to center stage is regional integration. Indeed, since at least the 1960s, LAC has experimented with various forms of regional...

  • Policy Brief  |   2016

    International Financial Integration of East Asia and Pacific

    Author(s): Didier Brandao, Tatiana ; Llovet Montanes, Ruth ; Schmukler, Sergio L.

    This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of how economies in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region have been integrating financially with the rest of the world since the 1990s, using bilateral data on portfolio investments, syndicated bank loans, mergers and acquisitions (M&As), and greenfield investments. Four main messages emerge from...

  • Report  |   2010

    Rural Road Investment Efficiency- Lessons from Burkina Faso, Cameroon, and Uganda

    Author(s): Raballand, GaëlMacchi, PatriciaPetracco, Carly

    This report is the second in a series of studies on transport and aid effectiveness in Sub-Saharan Africa. It follows a study on transport costs and prices along the main international trade corridors (Teravaninthorn and Raballand 2008). One of the principal findings of the research on international corridors in Africa was that trucking market...

  • Report  |   2011

    Airport Economics in Latin America and the Caribbean: Bench Marking, Regulation, and Pricing

    Author(s): Serebrisky, Tomas

    This report presents the findings of a first-ever, comprehensive study of how Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region airports have evolved during a notable period of transition in airport ownership. It is an unbiased, positive analysis of what happened, rather than a normative analysis of what should be done to reform and to attract private...

  • Presentation  |   2017

    Disruptive Trends in Transport – Smart Cities, Citizens and Intelligent Connections

    Author(s): Treadwell, Jane

    Rooted in the manufacturing field, ‘Industry 4.0’ refers to the coming of the fourth industrial revolution – marrying manufacturing with new technologies, data and enhanced services. The impacts of this revolution are wide-ranging, spanning various sectors including transport. Already present around us, are examples of advanced mobile information...

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Low-Cost Technology to Improve Aviation Safety and Efficiency: Investment Program Brings Modernized Aviation Information Technology to Pacific Islands

    Author(s): De Serio, Christopher J. ; Giovannitti, Aldo

    The World Bank’s Pacific Aviation Investment Program (PAIP) is bringing state-of-the-art air traffic management and satellite-based ground communications to airports and small aircraft operators in seven Pacific island countries and territories. These advances, coming online in 2017, will vastly improve the safety and efficiency of South Pacific...

  • Policy Brief  |   2013

    Air Transport in the OECS: Flying Solo

    Author(s): Bofinger, Heinrich C. ; Placci, Florencia Millan

    Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) countries faces two critical barriers for developing their infrastructure and connectivity: their conditions of island states and their geographic location in the Caribbean. Exchanges of goods and services with the rest of the world are limited to air and maritime transport modes, logistics costs...

  • Policy Brief  |   2013

    Global Connectivity and Export Performance

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean-Francois ; Shepherd, Ben

    The World Bank has developed a novel method for measuring countries’ connectivity in global networks and has applied it to the global air transport network. ‘Connectivity’ in this context is defined as a country’s relative position in that network in terms of the total ‘push’ and ‘pull’ it exerts on air traffic, taking account of all possible...

  • Report  |   2017

    Appraisal Econometrics for Proposed Transport Corridors: Optimal Placement, Intervention Design, and Wider Economic Benefits

    Author(s): Melecky, Martin

    Transport corridors to stimulate regional integration and trade have become a popular development tool. But when they fail to generate the expected wider economic benefits, they can become wasteful or unequitable investments. This paper evaluates the relative strengths and weaknesses of econometric methods as applied today to appraise the...

  • Report  |   January 2018

    Sustainable & Safe: A Vision and Guidance for Zero Road Deaths

    Author(s): Welle, Ben ; Sharpin, Anna Bray ; Adriazola, Claudia ; Bhatt, Amit ; Alveano, Saúl ; Obelheiro, Marta ; Imamoglu, Celal Tolga ; Job, Soames ; Shotten, Marc ; Bose, Dipan

    Globally, road transport is on a dangerous path. Many roads, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, are dangerous places for people, whether they are in a car, on a motorcycle, on a bicycle, or—especially—on foot. As economies, populations, and car ownership rates are growing, so, too, are the numbers of deaths and serious injuries on...

  • Report  |   May 2017

    Mobile Metropolises: Urban Transport Matters

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    The evaluation exercise focuses on three themes that cut across strategies and project designs during FY07–16: mobility for all (including the poor, women, and persons with disabilities), sustainable service delivery, and institutional development. In spite of the pressing need arising from rapid urbanization, Africa has a declining urban...

  • Report  |   November 2017

    Internet of Things: The New Government to Business Platform

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    The buzz around Internet of Things (IoT) has gathered momentum but the IoT phenomenon is poorly understood by governments and businesses. Governments are under pressure to become more innovative, evidence-based, and collaborative and IoT seems to offer opportunities such as increased competitiveness and innovation, and regulatory improvements...

  • Report  |   2014

    Ready for Takeoff? The Potential for Low-Cost Carriers in Developing Countries

    Author(s): Schlumberger, Charles E. ; Weisskopf, Nora

    The emergence of low-cost carriers (LCCs) has been a key catalyst for the development of the aviation industry in the last decade. Indeed, extensive research has been undertaken to analyze the business model and impact on the aviation sector and beyond. Despite recent developments in the LCC markets in Asia and Latin America, much of the research...

  • Report  |   2017

    Appraisal Econometrics for Proposed Transport Corridors: Optimal Placement, Intervention Design, and Wider Economic Benefits

    Author(s): Melecky, Martin

    Transport corridors to stimulate regional integration and trade have become a popular development tool. But when they fail to generate the expected wider economic benefits, they can become wasteful or unequitable investments. This paper evaluates the relative strengths and weaknesses of econometric methods as applied today to appraise the...

  • Report  |   2016

    The Impact of China on Europe and Central Asia

    Author(s): Timmer, Hans ; Bussolo, Maurizio ; Gould, David Michael ; Letelier, Raquel Alejandra ; Nguyen, Tu Chi ; Panterov, Georgi Lyudmilov ; Shaw, William ; Ushakova, Ekaterina ; Burns, Andrew ; Izvorski, Ivailo V. ; Pigato, Miria A. ; Sanchez, Carolina

    The economies of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) are facing complex challenges. In the eastern part of the region the task of governments is to orchestrate a coordinated crisis response. The collapse of oil revenues and the associated decline in remittances triggered a chain reaction of shocks. Adjustment to these shocks requires a new monetary...

  • Report  |   2011

    Africa's Power Infrastructure: Investment, Integration, Efficiency

    Author(s): Eberhard, Anton ; Rosnes, Orvika ; Shkaratan, Maria ; Vennemo, Haakon

    This study is a product of the Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic (AICD), a project designed to expand the world's knowledge of physical infrastructure in Africa. The AICD provides a baseline against which future improvements in infrastructure services can be measured, making it possible to monitor the results achieved from donor...

  • Report  |   2011

    Regional Power Integration: Structural and Regulatory Challenges

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    The Central America Regional Electricity Market (MER) trades electricity and transmission capacity among six Central American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama. The market differs from other electricity markets worldwide because it has its own regulatory body and system operator. Economic integration of...

  • Report  |   2009

    The Potential of Regional Power Sector Integration: PJM Interconnect, Developed Country Case Study

    Author(s): Economic Consulting Associates

    Developing countries are increasingly pursuing and benefitting from regional power system integration (RPSI) as an important strategy to help provide reliable, affordable electricity to their economies and citizens. Increased electricity cooperation and trade between countries can enhance energy security, bring economies-of-scale in investments,...

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