Reset
Refine By:
Document Year Range
Reset

Sort By: Relevancy

  • Report  |   2013

    Airport Capacity Expansion Strategies in the Era of Airline Multi-hub Networks

    Author(s): Burghouwt, Guillaume

    Many major airports are hubs for network carriers at the same time as serving a large local market. The complementarity between these functions is often seen as a prerequisite for viable hub operations, suggesting that spreading the hub network over multiple airports can be very costly and damages the corner stone of the hub operation: the...

  • Report  |   2013

    Road Connectivity and the Border Effect

    Author(s): Braconier, Henrik ; Pisu, Mauro

    Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or “as-crows-fly” – distance. Road distances for 48 180 European city pairs have been extracted from Bing Maps Routing Services. As our dataset...

  • Report  |   2013

    G20/OECD High-level Principles of Long-term Investment Financing by Institutional Investors

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This document contains the final version of the G20/OECD High Level Principles on Long-Term Investment Financing by Institutional Investors which were endorsed by G20 Leaders at their Summit on 6 September 2013 in St. Petersburg, Russia. The Principles were developed by the OECD Task Force on Institutional Investors and Long-Term Financing. The...

  • Report  |   2013

    Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power Lessons from Europe

    Author(s): Bahar, Heymi ; Sauvage, Jehan

    The uptake of renewable energy (RE) has been identified by a number of governments as a primary means for mitigating CO2 emissions from the electricity sector, and for making the transition to a low-carbon economy. The electric power output of some RE technologies, however, including those based on intermittent wind and solar energy, can vary...

  • Report  |   2013

    The Case of Ireland-Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) – Regions and Innovation: Collaborating Across Borders

    Author(s): Nauwelaers, Claire ; Maguire, Karen ; Marsan, Giulia Ajmone

    The island of Ireland, which includes both Ireland and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom), is home to 6.4 million people and has a combined economic output of USD 205 billion. Several cross-border institutions were created in response to the 1998 Belfast/Good Friday Agreement to recreate functional economic linkages across the border....

  • Report  |   2013

    The Case of Helsinki-Tallinn (Finland-Estonia) – Regions and Innovation: Collaborating Across Borders

    Author(s): Nauwelaers, Claire ; Maguire, Karen ; Marsan, Giulia Ajmone

    Estonia and Finland have centuries of collaboration, mainly between the capital areas of Tallinn and Helsinki that currently account for 2 million inhabitants and USD 76 billion in economic output. The entry of Estonia into the European Union and, since the mid-2000s, a two-hour ferry trip, have both facilitated flows of people and merchandise...

  • Report  |   2013

    The Case of Hedmark-Dalarna (Norway-Sweden) – Regions and Innovation: Collaborating Across Borders

    Author(s): Nauwelaers, Claire ; Maguire, Karen ; Marsan, Giulia Ajmone

    Hedmark County (Norway) and Dalarna County (Sweden) are both rural, with the border being remote from regional centres. The total population of less than half a million inhabitants spans across almost 58 800 km², with an economic output of USD 22 billion. Efforts to support collaboration at the border focus on the sector of tourism that both...

  • Report  |   2013

    The Case of the Bothnian Arc (Finland-Sweden) – Regions and Innovation: Collaborating Across Borders

    Author(s): Nauwelaers, Claire ; Maguire, Karen ; Marsan, Giulia Ajmone

    The Bothnian Arc is a cross-border area on the border of Finland and Sweden that covers the most populated areas along the upper Bothnian Bay, spanning 800 kilometres. It has a population of around 710 000, across 55 000 km² with an economic output of USD 31 billion. The Bothnian Arc collaboration was initiated by local authorities, with strong...

Connect

  • connect