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  • Report  |   2016

    Competitiveness of South Asia’s Container Ports: A Comprehensive Assessment of Performance, Drivers, and Costs

    Author(s): Herrera Dappe, Matías ; Suárez-Alemán, Ancor

    South Asia's trade almost doubled in the past decade, but the share of trade in GDP is still smaller (47 percent) than in East Asia (55 percent), and South Asia's economic competitiveness continues to lag that of other regions. Part of the problem is the region's container ports. As a result of inefficiencies, the average cost of...

  • Report  |   2012

    Why Does Cargo Spend Weeks in Sub-Saharan African Ports? Lessons from Six Countries

    Author(s): Beuran, Monica ; Isik, Gozde ; Raballand, Gael J. R. F. ; Refas, Salim

    This study is timely because several investments are planned for container terminals in Sub-Saharan Africa. From a public policy perspective, disentangling the reasons behind cargo delays in ports is crucial to understanding:a) whether projects by the World Bank and other donors have addressed the most salient problems; and b) whether...

  • Report  |   2012

    The Impact of Demand on Cargo Dwell Time in Ports in SSA

    Author(s): Beuran, Monica ; Mahihenni, Mohamed Hadi ; Raballand, Gael ; Refas, Salim

    Long cargo dwell times in ports are a critical issue in Sub-Saharan African countries since they result in slow import processes and are bound to dramatically reduce trade. The main objective of this study is to analyze long dwell times' causes in ports in Sub-Saharan Africa from a shipper's perspective. The findings point to the...

  • Report  |   2010

    The Cost of Being Landlocked: Logistics Costs and Supply Chain Reliability

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean Francois ; Marteau, Jean-Francois ; Raballand, Gael J. R. F.

    In the last two decades new emphasis has been given to the economic impact of geography, especially on the cost of being landlocked. From a development perspective, understanding the cost of being landlocked and its economic impact is critical, since one country of four in the world is landlocked (almost one out of three in Sub-Saharan Africa)....

  • Report  |   2012

    Logistics Costs and Competitiveness: Measurement and Trade Policy Applications

    Author(s): Shepherd, Ben

    This paper examines the issue of measuring logistics costs from an applied trade policy research perspective, and identifies/maps the logistics-intensive sectors. It explores into a range of data sources and methodologies in an effort to move forward on the analysis of logistics costs from a trade policy research perspective. Going forward, it...

  • Report  |   2016

    Road Freight Transport Services Reform: Guiding Principles for Practitioners and Policy Makers

    Author(s): Tanase, Virginia ; Kunaka, Charles ; Paustian, Nina ; Philipp, Patrick

    Cost-effective and high quality transport systems are key to modern logistics. Their role can only be expected to grow even as the global economy goes through profound transformation in terms of how, where and when goods are produced or distributed. In many economies and at many different geographical scales, road transport remains the...

  • Report  |   2016

    Indonesia: First Indonesia Logistics Reform Development Policy Loan Project

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Development Policy Loans (DPL) provide support to governments for a program of policy and institutional actions to help achieve sustainable and shared growth. The policy actions are a result of careful research analysis, stakeholder discussions and deliberation by both the government and the World Bank. The development objective of the First...

  • Report  |   2016

    East Asia and Pacific- Enhancing ASEAN Connectivity Monitoring and Evaluation

    Author(s): Marcelo Gordillo, Darwin ; Mandri-Perrott, Xavier Cledan ; House, Ruth Schuyler

    As Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) approaches end 2015, this report takes stock of the progress to date and draws out lessons for the next stage of ASEAN’s connectivity journey. The realization of an integrated ASEAN community demands connectedness vis improved and expanded transport, communications, and energy infrastructure; the...

  • Report  |   2010

    Rural Road Investment Efficiency- Lessons from Burkina Faso, Cameroon, and Uganda

    Author(s): Raballand, GaëlMacchi, PatriciaPetracco, Carly

    This report is the second in a series of studies on transport and aid effectiveness in Sub-Saharan Africa. It follows a study on transport costs and prices along the main international trade corridors (Teravaninthorn and Raballand 2008). One of the principal findings of the research on international corridors in Africa was that trucking market...

  • Report  |   2016

    Capacity to Grow: Transport Infrastructure Needs for Future Trade Growth

    Author(s): International Transport Forum

    This report examines the consequences of increased global trade on the world’s transport infrastructure. More complex international freight flows as a result of diversified global trade patterns will change capacity requirements and increasingly reshape global transport networks over the coming decades. Policy makers need to understand now how...

  • Report  |   2016

    G20/OECD Guidance Note on Diversification of Financial Instruments for Infrastructure and SMEs

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This document contains the final version of the G20/OECD Guidance Note on recommended policy steps to diversified financing instruments for infrastructure and SMEs. It was endorsed by the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Banks Governors at their meeting in Chengdu, China on 23-24 July 2016, and  also by the G20 leaders at the Hangzhou Summit...

  • Report  |   2016

    The Impact of China on Europe and Central Asia

    Author(s): Timmer, Hans ; Bussolo, Maurizio ; Gould, David Michael ; Letelier, Raquel Alejandra ; Nguyen, Tu Chi ; Panterov, Georgi Lyudmilov ; Shaw, William ; Ushakova, Ekaterina ; Burns, Andrew ; Izvorski, Ivailo V. ; Pigato, Miria A. ; Sanchez, Carolina

    The economies of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) are facing complex challenges. In the eastern part of the region the task of governments is to orchestrate a coordinated crisis response. The collapse of oil revenues and the associated decline in remittances triggered a chain reaction of shocks. Adjustment to these shocks requires a new monetary...

  • Policy Brief  |   2016

    Innovation by Design: Conducting a Border-Crossing Time-Release Study in Belarus

    Author(s): Tetyora, Victoria ; Shemshenya, Irina ; Abrashkevich, Aliaksandr

    In 2015, the World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC) conducted a border-crossing time-release study (TRS) at three points on the Belarus border. The joint team customized a standard survey methodology to gather a wider range of data as well as to overcome time and other resource constraints. This smart lesson describes the team’s...

  • Report  |   2012

    Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Grant for Kenya: Adaptable Program Lending for Infrastructure Finance and Public-Private Partnership Project

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    This World Bank project appraisal document discusses an example of how the World Bank used its technical assistance loans to support the Infrastructure Finance and Public-Private Partnership Project in Kenya. The overall objective of this $40 million loan is to increase private investment in Kenya’s infrastructure, and to sustain private sector...

  • Report  |   2016

    Prioritizing Infrastructure Investment: A Framework for Government Decision Making

    Author(s): Marcelo Gordillo, Darwin ; Mandri-Perrott, Xavier Cledan ; House, Ruth Schuyler ; Schwartz, Jordan Z.

    Governments must decide how to allocate limited resources for infrastructure development, particularly since financing gaps have been projected for the coming decades. Social cost-benefit analysis provides sound project appraisal and, when systematically applied, a basis for prioritization. In some instances, however, capacity and resource...

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