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  • Report  |   2016

    Enhancing Regional Power Trade in Central Asia

    Author(s): Myroshnychenko, Yuriy ; Owen, Kirby

    In response to a request from Central Asian (CA) countries at the CAREC Energy Sector Coordination Committee meeting, held in March 2015 in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, the World Bank commissioned a study to estimate unrealized benefits from regional power trade for the four Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan...

  • Report  |   2012

    The Role of Regulatory Governance in Driving PPPs in Electricity Transmission and Distribution in Developing Countries

    Author(s): Vagliasindi, Maria

    This paper presents new global evidence on the key determinants of public-private partnership investment in electricity transmission and distribution, based on a panel data analysis of 105 developin countries over a period of 16 years from 1993 to 2008. It aims to identify the key factors affecting the private investor's decision to enter...

  • Report  |   2012

    The Role of Policy Driven Incentives to Attract PPPs in Renewable-Based Energy in Developing Countries: A Cross-Country Analysis

    Author(s): Vagliasindi, Maria

    This paper presents new global evidence on the key determinants of public-private partnership investment in electricity generated by renewable energy based on a panel data analysis for 105 developing countries over a period of 16 years from 1993 to 2008. It aims to identify the key factors affecting the private investor's decision to enter...

  • Report  |   2016

    Competitiveness of South Asia’s Container Ports: A Comprehensive Assessment of Performance, Drivers, and Costs

    Author(s): Herrera Dappe, Matías ; Suárez-Alemán, Ancor

    South Asia's trade almost doubled in the past decade, but the share of trade in GDP is still smaller (47 percent) than in East Asia (55 percent), and South Asia's economic competitiveness continues to lag that of other regions. Part of the problem is the region's container ports. As a result of inefficiencies, the average cost of...

  • Report  |   2012

    Why Does Cargo Spend Weeks in Sub-Saharan African Ports? Lessons from Six Countries

    Author(s): Beuran, Monica ; Isik, Gozde ; Raballand, Gael J. R. F. ; Refas, Salim

    This study is timely because several investments are planned for container terminals in Sub-Saharan Africa. From a public policy perspective, disentangling the reasons behind cargo delays in ports is crucial to understanding:a) whether projects by the World Bank and other donors have addressed the most salient problems; and b) whether...

  • Report  |   2012

    The Impact of Demand on Cargo Dwell Time in Ports in SSA

    Author(s): Beuran, Monica ; Mahihenni, Mohamed Hadi ; Raballand, Gael ; Refas, Salim

    Long cargo dwell times in ports are a critical issue in Sub-Saharan African countries since they result in slow import processes and are bound to dramatically reduce trade. The main objective of this study is to analyze long dwell times' causes in ports in Sub-Saharan Africa from a shipper's perspective. The findings point to the...

  • Report  |   2012

    Logistics Costs and Competitiveness: Measurement and Trade Policy Applications

    Author(s): Shepherd, Ben

    This paper examines the issue of measuring logistics costs from an applied trade policy research perspective, and identifies/maps the logistics-intensive sectors. It explores into a range of data sources and methodologies in an effort to move forward on the analysis of logistics costs from a trade policy research perspective. Going forward, it...

  • Report  |   2016

    Road Freight Transport Services Reform: Guiding Principles for Practitioners and Policy Makers

    Author(s): Tanase, Virginia ; Kunaka, Charles ; Paustian, Nina ; Philipp, Patrick

    Cost-effective and high quality transport systems are key to modern logistics. Their role can only be expected to grow even as the global economy goes through profound transformation in terms of how, where and when goods are produced or distributed. In many economies and at many different geographical scales, road transport remains the...

  • Report  |   2016

    South Asia's Turn: Policies to Boost Competitiveness and Create the Next Export Powerhouse

    Author(s): Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys C. ; Medvedev, Denis ; Palmade, Vincent

    South Asia has a huge need to create more and better jobs for a growing population – especially in the manufacturing industries where it is underperforming as compared to East Asia. The report examines three critical and relatively understudied drivers of competitiveness: Economies of agglomeration: firms and workers accrue benefits from locating...

  • Report  |   2016

    Making Global Value Chains Work for Development

    Author(s): Taglioni, Daria ; Winkler, Deborah Elisabeth

    Economic, technological, and political shifts as well as changing business strategies have driven firms to unbundle production processes and disperse them across countries. Thanks to these changes, developing countries can now increase their participation in global value chains (GVCs) and thus become more competitive in agriculture, manufacturing...

  • Report  |   2012

    Risk-Based Compliance Management: Making it Work in Border Management Agencies

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    The World Bank's publication Border Management Modernization (2011) provides policymakers and reformers with a comprehensive 'whole of government' perspective on improving trade facilitation through better border management. This reference and implementation guide has been developed to supplement the information provided in the...

  • Report  |   2012

    Borderless Bazaars and Regional Integration in Central Asia: Emerging Patterns of Trade and Cross-Border Cooperation

    Author(s): Kaminski, Bartlomiej ; Mitra, Saumya

    Local populations' economic opportunities can be enhanced through special arrangements governing movement of people and goods in neighboring areas. For instance, in the Tajikistan-Uzbekistan border-crossing points (BCPs), preferential treatment accorded to residents in contiguous regions varies from one BCP to another, even within one...

  • Report  |   2012

    Collaborative Border Management: A New Approach to an Old Problem

    Author(s): McLinden, Gerard

    Border clearance processes are among the most problematic links in the global supply chain and frequently undermine national competitiveness by increasing the cost of exports and reducing reliability of supply. As a result, securing meaningful reform of border management procedures has become an important issue for the development community....

  • Report  |   2012

    Counting the Costs of Compliance with Trade Requirements from a Value Chain Perspective: Evidence from Southern Africa

    Author(s): Keyser, John

    This note uses a value chain perspective to show how the cost of complying with regional trade requirements affects agriculture competitiveness and rural incomes. On the one hand, phytosanitary rules, product standards, and certification procedures are important to protect human, animal, and plant health. These requirements also help to improve...

  • Report  |   2016

    Indonesia: First Indonesia Logistics Reform Development Policy Loan Project

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Development Policy Loans (DPL) provide support to governments for a program of policy and institutional actions to help achieve sustainable and shared growth. The policy actions are a result of careful research analysis, stakeholder discussions and deliberation by both the government and the World Bank. The development objective of the First...

  • Report  |   2016

    Benchmarking PPP Procurement 2017: Assessing Government Capability to Prepare, Procure and Manage PPPs

    Author(s): Ghossein, Tania ; Tejada Ibañez, Mikel ; Alreshaid, Nasser ; Khamudkhanov, Khasankhon ; Traboulsi, Zeina ; Larroque, Helene Candice ; Ruiz-Nuñez, Fernanda

    The right governance framework is necessary for PPP procurement. Benchmarking PPP Procurement 2017 is the first attempt to collect and present comparable and actionable data on PPP procurement on a large scale, by providing an assessment of the regulatory frameworks and recognized practices that govern PPP procurement across 82 economies. It...

  • Report  |   2012

    Kenya: Adaptable Program Lending for Infrastructure Finance and Public-Private Partnership Project

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    This World Bank project appraisal document discusses an example of how the World Bank used its technical assistance loans to support the Infrastructure Finance and Public-Private Partnership Project in Kenya. The overall objective of this $40 million loan is to increase private investment in Kenya’s infrastructure, and to sustain private sector...

  • Report  |   2016

    East Asia and Pacific- Enhancing ASEAN Connectivity Monitoring and Evaluation

    Author(s): Marcelo Gordillo, Darwin ; Mandri-Perrott, Xavier Cledan ; House, Ruth Schuyler

    As Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) approaches end 2015, this report takes stock of the progress to date and draws out lessons for the next stage of ASEAN’s connectivity journey. The realization of an integrated ASEAN community demands connectedness vis improved and expanded transport, communications, and energy infrastructure; the...

  • Report  |   2016

    Broadband Policies for Latin America and the Caribbean- A Digital Economy Toolkit

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; Inter-American Development Bank

    This joint initiative by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the OECD seeks to encourage the expansion of broadband networks and services in the region, supporting a coherent and cross-sectorial approach, to maximise their benefits for economic and social development. Drawing on a wealth of experience from LAC and OECD countries, the...

  • Presentation  |   2016

    World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    On Monday, February 1, 2016, the  World Bank Group Office in Geneva  and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) co-hosted a presentation of the “ World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends.” The 2016 World Development Report examines how the internet can be a force for development, especially for the poor in...

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