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  • Report  |   2016

    Enhancing Regional Power Trade in Central Asia

    Author(s): Myroshnychenko, Yuriy ; Owen, Kirby

    In response to a request from Central Asian (CA) countries at the CAREC Energy Sector Coordination Committee meeting, held in March 2015 in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, the World Bank commissioned a study to estimate unrealized benefits from regional power trade for the four Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan...

  • Report  |   2014

    ICTs for Regional Trade and Integration in Africa

    Author(s): Souter, David ; Adam, Lishan ; Jagun, Abiodun ; Tusubira, Tusu

    Trade is critically important to Africa's economic prospects, as a source of revenue, investment and employment, yet Africa's trade is highly fragmented and the weakness of its trade performance constrains growth and poverty reduction. Africa today generates only about 2.5-3.5 per cent of world trade. African countries mostly export...

  • Report  |   2014

    Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa: Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access

    Author(s): Gelvanovska, Natalija ; Rogy, Michel ; Rossotto, Carlo Maria

    Just as the steam engine was the driving force behind the Industrial Revolution, broadband Internet is today seen as critical to the transition to knowledge-intensive economies across the world. As a general purpose technology, broadband Internet is considered as a fundamental driver of economic growth and social development, releasing the...

  • Report  |   2016

    Competitiveness of South Asia’s Container Ports: A Comprehensive Assessment of Performance, Drivers, and Costs

    Author(s): Herrera Dappe, Matías ; Suárez-Alemán, Ancor

    South Asia's trade almost doubled in the past decade, but the share of trade in GDP is still smaller (47 percent) than in East Asia (55 percent), and South Asia's economic competitiveness continues to lag that of other regions. Part of the problem is the region's container ports. As a result of inefficiencies, the average cost of...

  • Report  |   2014

    Improving Trade and Transport for Landlocked Developing Countries: A Ten-Year Review

    Author(s): Dairabayeva, Karlygash Serikovna

    Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) are completely dependent on their transit neighbors' infrastructure and administrative procedures to transport their goods to port. This publication provides a comprehensive ten-year review in order to assess the progress made in improving access of LLDCs to global markets, identify the remaining...

  • Report  |   2014

    Trade and Transport Corridor Management Toolkit

    Author(s): Carruthers, Robin ; Kunaka, Charles

    A trade and transport corridor is a coordinated bundle of transport and logistics infrastructure and services that facilitates trade and transport flows between major centers of economic activity. Providing a comprehensive guide to tools and techniques for corridor projects is important, as the volume of such projects is likely to increase....

  • Report  |   2014

    Reviving Trade Routes: Evidence from the Maputo Corridor

    Author(s): Sequeira, Sandra ; Hartmann, Olivier ; Kunaka, Charles

    This report draws on the successes and failures of the Maputo Corridor in Africa, and informs readers on the challenges of private sector participation in the corridor transport systems and the associated policy reforms required to improve corridor efficiency. Trade Transport Sequeira, Sandra; Hartmann, Olivier; Kunaka, Charles Download PDF World...

  • Report  |   2016

    Road Freight Transport Services Reform: Guiding Principles for Practitioners and Policy Makers

    Author(s): Tanase, Virginia ; Kunaka, Charles ; Paustian, Nina ; Philipp, Patrick

    Cost-effective and high quality transport systems are key to modern logistics. Their role can only be expected to grow even as the global economy goes through profound transformation in terms of how, where and when goods are produced or distributed. In many economies and at many different geographical scales, road transport remains the...

  • Report  |   2014

    Connectivity for Caribbean Countries: An Initial Assessment

    Author(s): Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia ; Bofinger, Heinrich C. ; Cubas, Diana ; Millan-Placci, Maria Florencia

    Their vital relation with the Caribbean Sea is a defining factor for the many cultures, languages and countries that co-exist in the Caribbean. This factor acts as both the most important vehicle and as their most challenging obstacle to connect with the world, and represents the starting point for every single discussion around Caribbean states...

  • Report  |   2014

    The Eurasian Connection: Supply-Chain Efficiency along the Modern Silk Route through Central Asia

    Author(s): Rastogi, Cordula ; Arvis, Jean-Francois

    Central Asia is often associated with the silk route or road, the longest overland trade route connecting China to Europe and one of the oldest in history. Growth opportunities and the future prosperity of the region are highly dependent upon the efficiency of its internal and external supply-chain connections, which is the focus of this report....

  • Report  |   2014

    A Review of International Legal Instruments: Facilitation of Transport and Trade in Africa, Second Edition

    Author(s): de Matons, Jean Grosdidier

    This is the second edition of the 2003 paper entitled "Facilitation of transport and trade in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review of international legal instruments — Treaties, conventions, protocols, decisions, directives.", developed as part of the SSATP program. Three major reasons motivated this update and an expansion of its scope. First...

  • Report  |   2016

    South Asia's Turn: Policies to Boost Competitiveness and Create the Next Export Powerhouse

    Author(s): Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys C. ; Medvedev, Denis ; Palmade, Vincent

    South Asia has a huge need to create more and better jobs for a growing population – especially in the manufacturing industries where it is underperforming as compared to East Asia. The report examines three critical and relatively understudied drivers of competitiveness: Economies of agglomeration: firms and workers accrue benefits from locating...

  • Report  |   2016

    Making Global Value Chains Work for Development

    Author(s): Taglioni, Daria ; Winkler, Deborah Elisabeth

    Economic, technological, and political shifts as well as changing business strategies have driven firms to unbundle production processes and disperse them across countries. Thanks to these changes, developing countries can now increase their participation in global value chains (GVCs) and thus become more competitive in agriculture, manufacturing...

  • Report  |   2014

    Valuing Services in Trade: A Toolkit for Competitiveness Diagnostics

    Author(s): Hollweg, Claire Honore ; Van Der Marel, Erik Leendert ; Sáez, Juan Sebastián ; Taglioni, Daria ; Zavacka, Veronika

    The Service Trade Competitiveness Diagnostic (STDC) Toolkit is part of a larger agenda of trade competitiveness work developed by the World Bank's International Trade Unit in recent years. Services are a key input in countries' trade competitiveness, as well as a new source of trade diversification, making it critical to understand what...

  • Report  |   2014

    Improving Behavior at Borders to Promote Trade Formalization: the Charter for Cross-Border Traders

    Author(s): Brenton, Paul ; Dihel, Nora ; Hoppe, Mombert ; Soprano, Carmine

    Informal trade supports the livelihood of hundreds of thousands of households in Africa, reaches markets and clients that are underserved by formal channels, and contributes to regional food security. Despite numerous benefits, conducting cross-border transactions remains expensive for small traders in Africa. For example, small traders in Malawi...

  • Report  |   2014

    Implementing a Framework for Managing Fiscal Commitments from PPPs

    Author(s): Shendy, Riham M. E.

    Understanding the impact of fiscal commitments from infrastructure projects is essential to responsible long-term infrastructure planning. This World Bank Group note presents practical guidance to developing country governments on how to implement a framework for managing fiscal commitments from Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs). Drawing on...

  • Report  |   2016

    Indonesia: First Indonesia Logistics Reform Development Policy Loan Project

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Development Policy Loans (DPL) provide support to governments for a program of policy and institutional actions to help achieve sustainable and shared growth. The policy actions are a result of careful research analysis, stakeholder discussions and deliberation by both the government and the World Bank. The development objective of the First...

  • Report  |   2016

    Benchmarking PPP Procurement 2017: Assessing Government Capability to Prepare, Procure and Manage PPPs

    Author(s): Ghossein, Tania ; Tejada Ibañez, Mikel ; Alreshaid, Nasser ; Khamudkhanov, Khasankhon ; Traboulsi, Zeina ; Larroque, Helene Candice ; Ruiz-Nuñez, Fernanda

    The right governance framework is necessary for PPP procurement. Benchmarking PPP Procurement 2017 is the first attempt to collect and present comparable and actionable data on PPP procurement on a large scale, by providing an assessment of the regulatory frameworks and recognized practices that govern PPP procurement across 82 economies. It...

  • Report  |   2014

    Build-Operate-Transfer Concession for the Queen Alia Airport in Jordan

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    This webpage provides an example of a transaction in which multilateral development banks played a role in facilitating Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs). It also demonstrates the value of private sector capital in infrastructure financing and the complexity of implementation. In the case of Jordan’s Queen Alia International Airport (QAIA), the...

  • Report  |   2016

    East Asia and Pacific- Enhancing ASEAN Connectivity Monitoring and Evaluation

    Author(s): Marcelo Gordillo, Darwin ; Mandri-Perrott, Xavier Cledan ; House, Ruth Schuyler

    As Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) approaches end 2015, this report takes stock of the progress to date and draws out lessons for the next stage of ASEAN’s connectivity journey. The realization of an integrated ASEAN community demands connectedness vis improved and expanded transport, communications, and energy infrastructure; the...

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