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  • Report  |   2016

    Enhancing Regional Power Trade in Central Asia

    Author(s): Myroshnychenko, Yuriy ; Owen, Kirby

    In response to a request from Central Asian (CA) countries at the CAREC Energy Sector Coordination Committee meeting, held in March 2015 in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, the World Bank commissioned a study to estimate unrealized benefits from regional power trade for the four Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan...

  • Report  |   2008

    Potential and Prospects for Regional Energy Trade in the South Asia Region

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    South Asian region is enjoying unprecedented economic growth. The growth, however, is becoming constrained by significant shortages in energy supply, and unless corrective steps are urgently initiated and implemented, it may be difficult to sustain the achieved growth rates. The region's political leaders and its business community are...

  • Report  |   2012

    The Role of Regulatory Governance in Driving PPPs in Electricity Transmission and Distribution in Developing Countries

    Author(s): Vagliasindi, Maria

    This paper presents new global evidence on the key determinants of public-private partnership investment in electricity transmission and distribution, based on a panel data analysis of 105 developin countries over a period of 16 years from 1993 to 2008. It aims to identify the key factors affecting the private investor's decision to enter...

  • Report  |   2012

    The Role of Policy Driven Incentives to Attract PPPs in Renewable-Based Energy in Developing Countries: A Cross-Country Analysis

    Author(s): Vagliasindi, Maria

    This paper presents new global evidence on the key determinants of public-private partnership investment in electricity generated by renewable energy based on a panel data analysis for 105 developing countries over a period of 16 years from 1993 to 2008. It aims to identify the key factors affecting the private investor's decision to enter...

  • Report  |   2007

    Greenfield Gas Distribution: Cross-Country Experience

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    The study aims to present information about specific countries which have initiated gas distribution projects rather than suggestions. However, by drawing on the experience of a large number of countries, it also aims to provide practical lessons about issues which could potentially foster or impede gas distribution projects. The study emphasizes...

  • Report  |   2007

    Trade in Information and Communication Services: Opportunities for East and Southern Africa

    Author(s): Guermazi, Boutheina

    This following report is divided into four chapters, with chapter one containing the introduction. Chapter two reviews the state of ICT-competitiveness in the case study countries, by looking at infrastructure, the legal and regulatory situation, the business environment, and human resources. Chapter three examines the benefits of ICT for the...

  • Report  |   2016

    Competitiveness of South Asia’s Container Ports: A Comprehensive Assessment of Performance, Drivers, and Costs

    Author(s): Herrera Dappe, Matías ; Suárez-Alemán, Ancor

    South Asia's trade almost doubled in the past decade, but the share of trade in GDP is still smaller (47 percent) than in East Asia (55 percent), and South Asia's economic competitiveness continues to lag that of other regions. Part of the problem is the region's container ports. As a result of inefficiencies, the average cost of...

  • Report  |   2007

    Institutional Arrangements for Transport Corridor Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Author(s): Adzibgey, Yao ; Kunaka, Charles ; Mitiku, Tesfamichael Nahusenay

    Corridor efficiency is important to the competitiveness of most of the African economies, especially those that are landlocked. Corridors can be defined as a collection of routes linking several economic centers, countries and ports. While some are only road transport corridors, most of them include more than one mode of transport. The Sub-...

  • Report  |   2008

    Lessons of Corridor Performance Measurement

    Author(s): Raballand, Gael ; Marteau, Jean-Francois ; Kunaka, Charles ; Kabanguka, Jean-Kizito ; Hartmann, Olivier

    This paper aims at presenting the methodological lessons of corridor performance measurement carried out in Africa. Based on current experience, the authors conclude that, while road drivers' trip diaries may be useful, the core of monitoring activities should mostly rely on existing consolidated data (customs and port data) and limited...

  • Report  |   2012

    Why Does Cargo Spend Weeks in Sub-Saharan African Ports? Lessons from Six Countries

    Author(s): Beuran, Monica ; Isik, Gozde ; Raballand, Gael J. R. F. ; Refas, Salim

    This study is timely because several investments are planned for container terminals in Sub-Saharan Africa. From a public policy perspective, disentangling the reasons behind cargo delays in ports is crucial to understanding:a) whether projects by the World Bank and other donors have addressed the most salient problems; and b) whether...

  • Report  |   2012

    The Impact of Demand on Cargo Dwell Time in Ports in SSA

    Author(s): Beuran, Monica ; Mahihenni, Mohamed Hadi ; Raballand, Gael ; Refas, Salim

    Long cargo dwell times in ports are a critical issue in Sub-Saharan African countries since they result in slow import processes and are bound to dramatically reduce trade. The main objective of this study is to analyze long dwell times' causes in ports in Sub-Saharan Africa from a shipper's perspective. The findings point to the...

  • Report  |   2012

    Logistics Costs and Competitiveness: Measurement and Trade Policy Applications

    Author(s): Shepherd, Ben

    This paper examines the issue of measuring logistics costs from an applied trade policy research perspective, and identifies/maps the logistics-intensive sectors. It explores into a range of data sources and methodologies in an effort to move forward on the analysis of logistics costs from a trade policy research perspective. Going forward, it...

  • Report  |   2016

    Road Freight Transport Services Reform: Guiding Principles for Practitioners and Policy Makers

    Author(s): Tanase, Virginia ; Kunaka, Charles ; Paustian, Nina ; Philipp, Patrick

    Cost-effective and high quality transport systems are key to modern logistics. Their role can only be expected to grow even as the global economy goes through profound transformation in terms of how, where and when goods are produced or distributed. In many economies and at many different geographical scales, road transport remains the...

  • Report  |   2008

    Trade and Transport Facilitation in South Asia: Systems in Transition, Volume 1. Summary and Main Report

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Over the past few decades, the World trading system has become increasingly more open. Tariff rates have been reduced and quantitative restrictions (quotas) have been progressively eliminated, e.g., the Multi-Fiber Agreement (MFA). Most countries have adopted more outward-looking economic policies, seeking to increase growth and employment...

  • Report  |   2008

    Trade and Transport Facilitation in South Asia: Systems in Transition, Volume 2. Annexes

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Over the past few decades, the World trading system has become increasingly more open. Tariff rates have been reduced and quantitative restrictions (quotas) have been progressively eliminated, e.g., the Multi-Fiber Agreement (MFA). Most countries have adopted more outward-looking economic policies, seeking to increase growth and employment...

  • Report  |   2016

    South Asia's Turn: Policies to Boost Competitiveness and Create the Next Export Powerhouse

    Author(s): Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys C. ; Medvedev, Denis ; Palmade, Vincent

    South Asia has a huge need to create more and better jobs for a growing population – especially in the manufacturing industries where it is underperforming as compared to East Asia. The report examines three critical and relatively understudied drivers of competitiveness: Economies of agglomeration: firms and workers accrue benefits from locating...

  • Report  |   2016

    Making Global Value Chains Work for Development

    Author(s): Taglioni, Daria ; Winkler, Deborah Elisabeth

    Economic, technological, and political shifts as well as changing business strategies have driven firms to unbundle production processes and disperse them across countries. Thanks to these changes, developing countries can now increase their participation in global value chains (GVCs) and thus become more competitive in agriculture, manufacturing...

  • Report  |   2012

    Risk-Based Compliance Management: Making it Work in Border Management Agencies

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    The World Bank's publication Border Management Modernization (2011) provides policymakers and reformers with a comprehensive 'whole of government' perspective on improving trade facilitation through better border management. This reference and implementation guide has been developed to supplement the information provided in the...

  • Report  |   2012

    Borderless Bazaars and Regional Integration in Central Asia: Emerging Patterns of Trade and Cross-Border Cooperation

    Author(s): Kaminski, Bartlomiej ; Mitra, Saumya

    Local populations' economic opportunities can be enhanced through special arrangements governing movement of people and goods in neighboring areas. For instance, in the Tajikistan-Uzbekistan border-crossing points (BCPs), preferential treatment accorded to residents in contiguous regions varies from one BCP to another, even within one...

  • Report  |   2012

    Collaborative Border Management: A New Approach to an Old Problem

    Author(s): McLinden, Gerard

    Border clearance processes are among the most problematic links in the global supply chain and frequently undermine national competitiveness by increasing the cost of exports and reducing reliability of supply. As a result, securing meaningful reform of border management procedures has become an important issue for the development community....

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