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  • Report  |   2016

    Indonesia: First Indonesia Logistics Reform Development Policy Loan Project

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Development Policy Loans (DPL) provide support to governments for a program of policy and institutional actions to help achieve sustainable and shared growth. The policy actions are a result of careful research analysis, stakeholder discussions and deliberation by both the government and the World Bank. The development objective of the First...

  • Policy Brief  |   2016

    International Financial Integration of East Asia and Pacific

    Author(s): Didier Brandao, Tatiana ; Llovet Montanes, Ruth ; Schmukler, Sergio L.

    This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of how economies in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region have been integrating financially with the rest of the world since the 1990s, using bilateral data on portfolio investments, syndicated bank loans, mergers and acquisitions (M&As), and greenfield investments. Four main messages emerge from...

  • Report  |   2016

    G20/OECD Guidance Note on Diversification of Financial Instruments for Infrastructure and SMEs

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This document contains the final version of the G20/OECD Guidance Note on recommended policy steps to diversified financing instruments for infrastructure and SMEs. It was endorsed by the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Banks Governors at their meeting in Chengdu, China on 23-24 July 2016, and  also by the G20 leaders at the Hangzhou Summit...

  • Policy Brief  |   2016

    Innovation by Design: Conducting a Border-Crossing Time-Release Study in Belarus

    Author(s): Tetyora, Victoria ; Shemshenya, Irina ; Abrashkevich, Aliaksandr

    In 2015, the World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC) conducted a border-crossing time-release study (TRS) at three points on the Belarus border. The joint team customized a standard survey methodology to gather a wider range of data as well as to overcome time and other resource constraints. This smart lesson describes the team’s...

  • Report  |   2018

    Wider Economic Benefits of Investments in Transport Corridors and the Role of Complementary Policies

    Author(s): Melecky, Martin ; Sharma, Siddharth ; Subhash, Hari

    This paper estimates the impact of the Golden Quadrilateral and North-South-East-West Highways in India on welfare, social inclusion, and environmental quality. The analysis uses district-level data for 1994-2011 and the difference-in-difference method. The results suggest that the highways shifted employment from the farm to the nonfarm sector,...

  • Policy Brief  |   2018

    Blended Concessional Finance: Scaling Up Private Investment in Lower-Income Countries

    Author(s): Sierra-Escalante, Kruskaia ; Karlin, Arthur ; Lykke Lauridsen, Morten

    Blending funds from private investors with concessional funds from donors and philanthropic sources has a strong potential to scale up investment in lower-income countries and thereby accelerate development. The use of blended concessional finance is already prevalent in lower-income countries representing over 70 percent of IFC’s commitments....

  • Policy Brief  |   2018

    Blended Finance: A Stepping Stone to Creating Markets

    Author(s): Sierra-Escalante, Kruskaia ; Lykke Lauridsen, Morten

    At the heart of IFC’s approach to blended finance are efforts to create and help sustain private markets with strong development impact. This note explores the role of blended finance in creating markets and looks at lessons from three blended finance projects and structures—and how each contributed to the creation of markets that are scalable,...

  • Report  |   2018

    Multidimensional Connectivity: Benefits, Risks, and Policy Implications for Europe and Central Asia

    Author(s): Gould, David ; Kenett, Dror Y. ; Panterov, Georgi

    International connections through trade, foreign direct investment, migration, the Internet, and other channels are critical for the transmission of knowledge and growth and form macroeconomic linkages. But how much knowledge is transmitted to a country is not only the result of the overall level of connectivity, but also to whom a country is...

  • Report  |   2018

    Trade Linkages Between the Belt and Road Economies

    Author(s): Boffa, Mauro

    This paper studies the production and trade linkages between a selected group of economies belonging to the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). After defining a group of Belt and Road Economies, the paper uses three standard trade databases to analyze trade and production linkages among these economies. With the help of state of the art economic...

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