Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website.

Reset
Refine By:
Document Year Range
Reset

Sort By: Relevancy

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Trade in the Digital Economy – A Primer on Global Data Flows for Policymakers

    Author(s): International Chamber of Commerce

    ICC has developed this primer to assist policymakers in addressing the negative implications for growth from blanket restrictions to data flows. In addition, the paper stresses the importance of creating trusted environments to better enable use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and related data flows. The primer concludes with...

  • Report  |   2017

    Measuring Digital Trade: Towards A Conceptual Framework

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The Internet and digitalisation are fundamentally changing the way people, businesses and governments interact, including across borders. The growing importance of what is commonly referred to as ‘digital trade’ and the emergence of new (and disruptive) players has resulted in increased interest from within the statistics community and amongst...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade: Developing a Framework for Analysis

    Author(s): González, Javier López ; Jouanjean, Marie-Agnes

    This paper explores the definition, measurement, and policy implications of digital trade, proposing a tentative typology of digital trade that can be used to unpack transactions and analyse the issues. Digitalisation is changing what and how we trade: from digital delivery to greater physical trade enabled by digital connectivity. Online...

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    SAR Connect: The Security and Trade Facilitation Nexus: Options for South Asian Countries

    Author(s): Kerswell, Clayton Bryant ; Kunaka, Charles

    Depending on the nature of the threat and the type of transaction and transport, the ability to profile risk and the type of potential risk-mitigation intervention will be different. If the predominant risk is economic (undervaluation, for instance), a certain set of transactional data can help profile and identify high-risk targets. In such...

  • Report  |   2015

    Firm Productivity and Infrastructure Costs in East Africa

    Author(s): Iimi, Atsushi ; Humphrey, Richard Martin ; Melibaeva, Sevara

    Infrastructure is an important constraint in many African countries. Using firm-level data for East Africa, this Study re-examines the relationship between firm performance and impact of infrastructure. It is shown that labor costs are by far the most important to stimulate firm production. Among the infrastructure sectors, electricity costs have...

  • Report  |   2012

    Collaborative Border Management: A New Approach to an Old Problem

    Author(s): McLinden, Gerard

    Border clearance processes are among the most problematic links in the global supply chain and frequently undermine national competitiveness by increasing the cost of exports and reducing reliability of supply. As a result, securing meaningful reform of border management procedures has become an important issue for the development community....

  • Report  |   2014

    Improving Behavior at Borders to Promote Trade Formalization: the Charter for Cross-Border Traders

    Author(s): Brenton, Paul ; Dihel, Nora ; Hoppe, Mombert ; Soprano, Carmine

    Informal trade supports the livelihood of hundreds of thousands of households in Africa, reaches markets and clients that are underserved by formal channels, and contributes to regional food security. Despite numerous benefits, conducting cross-border transactions remains expensive for small traders in Africa. For example, small traders in Malawi...

  • Report  |   2012

    Counting the Costs of Compliance with Trade Requirements from a Value Chain Perspective: Evidence from Southern Africa

    Author(s): Keyser, John

    This note uses a value chain perspective to show how the cost of complying with regional trade requirements affects agriculture competitiveness and rural incomes. On the one hand, phytosanitary rules, product standards, and certification procedures are important to protect human, animal, and plant health. These requirements also help to improve...

  • Report  |   2016

    Indonesia: First Indonesia Logistics Reform Development Policy Loan Project

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Development Policy Loans (DPL) provide support to governments for a program of policy and institutional actions to help achieve sustainable and shared growth. The policy actions are a result of careful research analysis, stakeholder discussions and deliberation by both the government and the World Bank. The development objective of the First...

  • Report  |   2015

    Trade in ICT Goods and the 2015 Expansion of the WTO Information Technology Agreement

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    The WTO Information Technology Agreement (ITA) was extended in July 2015 with the goal of expanding the number of products that will enjoy duty free treatment when imported into economies that are members of the agreement. This note provides a first comparison of trade in ICT goods as defined by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development...

  • Report  |   2017

    The Asian Economic Integration Cooperation Agreement: Lessons for Economic and Social Development

    Author(s): Santos-Paulino, Amelia U.

    This paper examines the impact of regional integration on development in the ASEAN economic community. The study presents a measure of bilateral trade balances showing that despite rapid trade expansion, imports have grown faster than exports resulting in a deterioration of the trade balances in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam- the less...

  • Policy Brief  |   2016

    International Financial Integration of East Asia and Pacific

    Author(s): Didier Brandao, Tatiana ; Llovet Montanes, Ruth ; Schmukler, Sergio L.

    This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of how economies in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region have been integrating financially with the rest of the world since the 1990s, using bilateral data on portfolio investments, syndicated bank loans, mergers and acquisitions (M&As), and greenfield investments. Four main messages emerge from...

  • Policy Brief  |   2013

    Air Transport in the OECS: Flying Solo

    Author(s): Bofinger, Heinrich C. ; Placci, Florencia Millan

    Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) countries faces two critical barriers for developing their infrastructure and connectivity: their conditions of island states and their geographic location in the Caribbean. Exchanges of goods and services with the rest of the world are limited to air and maritime transport modes, logistics costs...

  • Policy Brief  |   2013

    Global Connectivity and Export Performance

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean-Francois ; Shepherd, Ben

    The World Bank has developed a novel method for measuring countries’ connectivity in global networks and has applied it to the global air transport network. ‘Connectivity’ in this context is defined as a country’s relative position in that network in terms of the total ‘push’ and ‘pull’ it exerts on air traffic, taking account of all possible...

  • Report  |   2013

    G20/OECD High-level Principles of Long-term Investment Financing by Institutional Investors

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This document contains the final version of the G20/OECD High Level Principles on Long-Term Investment Financing by Institutional Investors which were endorsed by G20 Leaders at their Summit on 6 September 2013 in St. Petersburg, Russia. The Principles were developed by the OECD Task Force on Institutional Investors and Long-Term Financing. The...

  • Report  |   2015

    Towards a Framework for the Governance and Delivery of Infrastructure

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    In response to discussions on the need for further study on how to think about infrastructure governance and modality choice at the 2014 Annual Meeting of Senior PPP Officials in Paris on 17-18 February 2014, this paper sets out a draft framework for the public governance and delivery of infrastructure. The ambition is to harness OECD countries’...

  • Report  |   2016

    G20/OECD Guidance Note on Diversification of Financial Instruments for Infrastructure and SMEs

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This document contains the final version of the G20/OECD Guidance Note on recommended policy steps to diversified financing instruments for infrastructure and SMEs. It was endorsed by the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Banks Governors at their meeting in Chengdu, China on 23-24 July 2016, and  also by the G20 leaders at the Hangzhou Summit...

  • Policy Brief  |   2016

    Innovation by Design: Conducting a Border-Crossing Time-Release Study in Belarus

    Author(s): Tetyora, Victoria ; Shemshenya, Irina ; Abrashkevich, Aliaksandr

    In 2015, the World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC) conducted a border-crossing time-release study (TRS) at three points on the Belarus border. The joint team customized a standard survey methodology to gather a wider range of data as well as to overcome time and other resource constraints. This smart lesson describes the team’s...

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    Implementing Trade Logistics Reforms in Complex Multi-Country and Regional Settings: The Case of the Western Balkans

    Author(s): Gabrielyan, Gagik ; Konar-Leacy, Violane

    Trade facilitation connects economies and provides opportunities for business growth. However, the national agencies involved in trade often have different objectives, lack coordination with peer agencies in other countries because of different national priorities, high workloads, and absence of platforms to consult with each other. Such a...

  • Report  |   2012

    Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Grant for Kenya: Adaptable Program Lending for Infrastructure Finance and Public-Private Partnership Project

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    This World Bank project appraisal document discusses an example of how the World Bank used its technical assistance loans to support the Infrastructure Finance and Public-Private Partnership Project in Kenya. The overall objective of this $40 million loan is to increase private investment in Kenya’s infrastructure, and to sustain private sector...

Connect

  • connect