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  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Trade in the Digital Economy – A Primer on Global Data Flows for Policymakers

    Author(s): International Chamber of Commerce

    ICC has developed this primer to assist policymakers in addressing the negative implications for growth from blanket restrictions to data flows. In addition, the paper stresses the importance of creating trusted environments to better enable use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and related data flows. The primer concludes with...

  • Report  |   2017

    Measuring Digital Trade: Towards A Conceptual Framework

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The Internet and digitalisation are fundamentally changing the way people, businesses and governments interact, including across borders. The growing importance of what is commonly referred to as ‘digital trade’ and the emergence of new (and disruptive) players has resulted in increased interest from within the statistics community and amongst...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade: Developing a Framework for Analysis

    Author(s): González, Javier López ; Jouanjean, Marie-Agnes

    This paper explores the definition, measurement, and policy implications of digital trade, proposing a tentative typology of digital trade that can be used to unpack transactions and analyse the issues. Digitalisation is changing what and how we trade: from digital delivery to greater physical trade enabled by digital connectivity. Online...

  • Report  |   2014

    Improving Trade and Transport for Landlocked Developing Countries: A Ten-Year Review

    Author(s): Dairabayeva, Karlygash Serikovna

    Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) are completely dependent on their transit neighbors' infrastructure and administrative procedures to transport their goods to port. This publication provides a comprehensive ten-year review in order to assess the progress made in improving access of LLDCs to global markets, identify the remaining...

  • Report  |   2011

    Logistics in Lagging Regions: Overcoming Local Barriers to Global Connectivity

    Author(s): Kunaka, Charles

    This report is based on two case studies carried out in Brazil and India on the impact of various strategies to reduce the cost of trade for small-scale producers. Small scale producers especially those located in lagging regions in developing countries lack easy access to efficient logistics services. They are faced with long distances from both...

  • Report  |   2014

    Trade and Transport Corridor Management Toolkit

    Author(s): Carruthers, Robin ; Kunaka, Charles

    A trade and transport corridor is a coordinated bundle of transport and logistics infrastructure and services that facilitates trade and transport flows between major centers of economic activity. Providing a comprehensive guide to tools and techniques for corridor projects is important, as the volume of such projects is likely to increase....

  • Report  |   2014

    Reviving Trade Routes: Evidence from the Maputo Corridor

    Author(s): Sequeira, Sandra ; Hartmann, Olivier ; Kunaka, Charles

    This report draws on the successes and failures of the Maputo Corridor in Africa, and informs readers on the challenges of private sector participation in the corridor transport systems and the associated policy reforms required to improve corridor efficiency. Trade Transport Sequeira, Sandra; Hartmann, Olivier; Kunaka, Charles Download PDF World...

  • Report  |   2012

    Logistics Costs and Competitiveness: Measurement and Trade Policy Applications

    Author(s): Shepherd, Ben

    This paper examines the issue of measuring logistics costs from an applied trade policy research perspective, and identifies/maps the logistics-intensive sectors. It explores into a range of data sources and methodologies in an effort to move forward on the analysis of logistics costs from a trade policy research perspective. Going forward, it...

  • Report  |   2014

    The Eurasian Connection: Supply-Chain Efficiency along the Modern Silk Route through Central Asia

    Author(s): Rastogi, Cordula ; Arvis, Jean-Francois

    Central Asia is often associated with the silk route or road, the longest overland trade route connecting China to Europe and one of the oldest in history. Growth opportunities and the future prosperity of the region are highly dependent upon the efficiency of its internal and external supply-chain connections, which is the focus of this report....

  • Report  |   2014

    A Review of International Legal Instruments: Facilitation of Transport and Trade in Africa, Second Edition

    Author(s): de Matons, Jean Grosdidier

    This is the second edition of the 2003 paper entitled "Facilitation of transport and trade in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review of international legal instruments — Treaties, conventions, protocols, decisions, directives.", developed as part of the SSATP program. Three major reasons motivated this update and an expansion of its scope. First...

  • Report  |   2008

    Trade and Transport Facilitation in South Asia: Systems in Transition, Volume 1. Summary and Main Report

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Over the past few decades, the World trading system has become increasingly more open. Tariff rates have been reduced and quantitative restrictions (quotas) have been progressively eliminated, e.g., the Multi-Fiber Agreement (MFA). Most countries have adopted more outward-looking economic policies, seeking to increase growth and employment...

  • Report  |   2008

    Trade and Transport Facilitation in South Asia: Systems in Transition, Volume 2. Annexes

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Over the past few decades, the World trading system has become increasingly more open. Tariff rates have been reduced and quantitative restrictions (quotas) have been progressively eliminated, e.g., the Multi-Fiber Agreement (MFA). Most countries have adopted more outward-looking economic policies, seeking to increase growth and employment...

  • Report  |   2011

    Connecting Landlocked Developing Countries to Markets: Trade Corridors in the 21st Century

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean Francois ; Carruthers, Robin C. ; Smith, Graham ; Willoughby, Christopher

    The importance of transport corridors for trade and development, including for some of the poorest countries in the world, is widely recognized in this book. A new consensus has also emerged that reducing trade costs and improving access to corridors is not just a matter of building infrastructure. The policies that regulate transport services...

  • Report  |   2016

    South Asia's Turn: Policies to Boost Competitiveness and Create the Next Export Powerhouse

    Author(s): Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys C. ; Medvedev, Denis ; Palmade, Vincent

    South Asia has a huge need to create more and better jobs for a growing population – especially in the manufacturing industries where it is underperforming as compared to East Asia. The report examines three critical and relatively understudied drivers of competitiveness: Economies of agglomeration: firms and workers accrue benefits from locating...

  • Report  |   2017

    Measuring and Analyzing the Impact of GVCs on Economic Development

    Author(s): Institute of Developing Economies ; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; Research Center of Global Value Chains ; World Bank Group ; World Trade Organization

    This flagship publication discusses how to better understand the ongoing development and evolution of global value chains (GVC) and their implications for economic development. This report is the result of intensive and detailed work in assembling and analyzing data on the structure of economies and their link to growth and trade. It reflects on...

  • Report  |   2017

    South Asia Economic Focus, Spring 2017: Globalization Backlash

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    South Asia remains the fastest growing region in the world. With a strong performance in the eastern part of the region – in particular in Bhutan, Bangladesh and India – the region defied disappointing world growth in 2016. Inflation slowed down in the second half of 2016, mainly due to lower food prices, but appears to be turning up again....

  • Report  |   2006

    Economic Cooperation in the Wider Central Asia Region

    Author(s): Byrd, William ; Raiser, Martin

    This paper lays out the big issues that affect regional cooperation and development in the wider Central Asia region, and analyzes in greater detail areas where there appear to be good prospects for progress in the short run. The paper develops a framework for approaching regional cooperation in the wider Central Asia region, based on identifying...

  • Report  |   2016

    Making Global Value Chains Work for Development

    Author(s): Taglioni, Daria ; Winkler, Deborah Elisabeth

    Economic, technological, and political shifts as well as changing business strategies have driven firms to unbundle production processes and disperse them across countries. Thanks to these changes, developing countries can now increase their participation in global value chains (GVCs) and thus become more competitive in agriculture, manufacturing...

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    SAR Connect: The Security and Trade Facilitation Nexus: Options for South Asian Countries

    Author(s): Kerswell, Clayton Bryant ; Kunaka, Charles

    Depending on the nature of the threat and the type of transaction and transport, the ability to profile risk and the type of potential risk-mitigation intervention will be different. If the predominant risk is economic (undervaluation, for instance), a certain set of transactional data can help profile and identify high-risk targets. In such...

  • Report  |   2015

    Indicators to Monitor Deeper Regional Trade Integration in Africa

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Stronger regional integration has been a policy priority in Africa for several decades. Closer trade links with neighboring countries promise to stabilize food markets, enhance profitable exchanges in light manufactures, reduce consumer prices, and help develop regional production networks. However, the implementation of existing integration...

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