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  • Report  |   2015

    Digital Economy Study in Central and West Asia: Unleashing the Potential of the Internet in Central Asia, South Asia, the Caucasus and Beyond

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Internet Society (ISOC)

    This report assessed the status of subregional Internet ecosystems and the level of progress toward achieving a digital economy (in which the Internet is the underlying driver of all sectors across an economy) and identified key elements to transition from a basic Internet economy to a thriving digital economy and society. ICT Asian Development...

  • Report  |   2015

    Unleashing the Potential of the Internet for ASEAN Economies

    Author(s): The Internet Society (ISOC) and TRPC Pte Ltd

    As the ASEAN Economic Community goes into effect this year, this report compares data on Internet connectivity, infrastructure and investment across 10 ASEAN economies and proposes broad and specific measures by which the region can, with the Internet's help, create a single market and production base. It compares data on Internet...

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Trade in the Digital Economy – A Primer on Global Data Flows for Policymakers

    Author(s): International Chamber of Commerce

    ICC has developed this primer to assist policymakers in addressing the negative implications for growth from blanket restrictions to data flows. In addition, the paper stresses the importance of creating trusted environments to better enable use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and related data flows. The primer concludes with...

  • Report  |   2017

    Measuring Digital Trade: Towards A Conceptual Framework

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The Internet and digitalisation are fundamentally changing the way people, businesses and governments interact, including across borders. The growing importance of what is commonly referred to as ‘digital trade’ and the emergence of new (and disruptive) players has resulted in increased interest from within the statistics community and amongst...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade: Developing a Framework for Analysis

    Author(s): González, Javier López ; Jouanjean, Marie-Agnes

    This paper explores the definition, measurement, and policy implications of digital trade, proposing a tentative typology of digital trade that can be used to unpack transactions and analyse the issues. Digitalisation is changing what and how we trade: from digital delivery to greater physical trade enabled by digital connectivity. Online...

  • Report  |   2017

    Measuring and Analyzing the Impact of GVCs on Economic Development

    Author(s): Institute of Developing Economies ; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; Research Center of Global Value Chains ; World Bank Group ; World Trade Organization

    This flagship publication discusses how to better understand the ongoing development and evolution of global value chains (GVC) and their implications for economic development. This report is the result of intensive and detailed work in assembling and analyzing data on the structure of economies and their link to growth and trade. It reflects on...

  • Report  |   2013

    Connectivity in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Role of Internet Exchange Points

    Author(s): Galperin, Hernan

    This report takes stock of the development of Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) in Latin America and the Caribbean, documenting best practices in four selected cases: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador. It argues for accelerating the develop-ment of IXPs as a necessary step towards improving the quality and coverage of access services in the...

  • Report  |   2016

    Broadband Policies for Latin America and the Caribbean- A Digital Economy Toolkit

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; Inter-American Development Bank

    This joint initiative by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the OECD seeks to encourage the expansion of broadband networks and services in the region, supporting a coherent and cross-sectorial approach, to maximise their benefits for economic and social development. Drawing on a wealth of experience from LAC and OECD countries, the...

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Internet Crossing Borders: Boosting the Internet in Landlocked Developing Countries Executive Summary

    Author(s): Internet Society

    Trade ICT Internet Society Download PDF https://www.internetsociety.org/resources/doc/2017/lldcreport Greater Mekong Subregion Information Highway Landlocked Developing Countries trade obstacles transaction costs Customs systems fiber optic submarine cables INTERNET Information Technology Trade Facilitation single windows e-payments regional...

  • Report  |   2013

    Airport Capacity Expansion Strategies in the Era of Airline Multi-hub Networks

    Author(s): Burghouwt, Guillaume

    Many major airports are hubs for network carriers at the same time as serving a large local market. The complementarity between these functions is often seen as a prerequisite for viable hub operations, suggesting that spreading the hub network over multiple airports can be very costly and damages the corner stone of the hub operation: the...

  • Report  |   2015

    Port Hinterland Connectivity

    Author(s): Merk, Olaf ; Notteboom, Theo

    The competitiveness of a seaport depends on the extent the cargo handled in the port can reach its hinterland destination (e.g. Acciaro & McKinnon, 2013). The importance of hinterland connections has been recognised as one of the most critical issues in port competitiveness and development in most ports around the world. Upgrading of...

  • Report  |   2013

    Road Connectivity and the Border Effect

    Author(s): Braconier, Henrik ; Pisu, Mauro

    Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or “as-crows-fly” – distance. Road distances for 48 180 European city pairs have been extracted from Bing Maps Routing Services. As our dataset...

  • Report  |   2007

    Infrastructure to 2030 (Volume 2): Mapping Policy for Electricity, Water and Transport

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    Infrastructure systems play a vital role in economic and social development. Demand for infrastructure is set to continue to expand significantly in the decades ahead, driven by major factors of change such as global economic growth, technological progress, climate change, urbanisation and growing congestion. However, challenges abound: many...

  • Report  |   2016

    Capacity to Grow: Transport Infrastructure Needs for Future Trade Growth

    Author(s): International Transport Forum

    This report examines the consequences of increased global trade on the world’s transport infrastructure. More complex international freight flows as a result of diversified global trade patterns will change capacity requirements and increasingly reshape global transport networks over the coming decades. Policy makers need to understand now how...

  • Report  |   2017

    Aid for Trade at a Glance 2017: Promoting Trade, Inclusiveness and Connectivity for Sustainable Development

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; World Trade Organization

    This edition of Aid for Trade at a Glance focuses on trade connectivity, which is critical for economic growth, inclusiveness and sustainable development. Physical connectivity enables the movement of goods and services to local, regional and global markets. It is closely intertwined with digital connectivity which is vital in today’s trade...

  • Report  |   2017

    OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2017

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The biennial OECD Digital Economy Outlook examines and documents evolutions and emerging opportunities and challenges in the digital economy. It highlights how OECD countries and partner economies are taking advantage of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and the Internet to meet their public policy objectives. Through comparative...

  • Report  |   2015

    Overcoming Barriers to International Investment in Clean Energy

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The perceived potential of clean energy to support employment in the post-crisis recovery context has led several OECD and emerging economies to design green industrial policies aimed at protecting domestic manufacturers, notably through local-content requirements (LCRs). These typically require solar or wind developers to source a specific share...

  • Report  |   2017

    Investing in Climate, Investing in Growth

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This report provides an assessment of how governments can generate inclusive economic growth in the short term, while making progress towards climate goals to secure sustainable long-term growth. It describes the development pathways required to meet the Paris Agreement objectives and underlines the value of well-aligned policy packages in...

  • Report  |   2017

    ITF Transport Outlook 2017

    Author(s): International Transport Forum

    The ITF Transport Outlook provides an overview of recent trends and near-term prospects for the transport sector at a global level, as well as long-term prospects for transport demand to 2050, for freight (maritime, air and surface), passenger transport (car, rail and air) and CO2 emissions. This edition looks at how the main policy, economic and...

  • Report  |   2017

    Key Issues for Digital Transformation in the G20

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This report provides an assessment of G20 economies’ performance with respect to digitalisation (Part I) and examines some of the most pressing policy challenges in areas spanning from access to digital infrastructures to digital security to legal frameworks (Part II). Part III includes a set of 11 core policy recommendations that could underpin...

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