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  • Report  |   2015

    Port Hinterland Connectivity

    Author(s): Merk, Olaf ; Notteboom, Theo

    The competitiveness of a seaport depends on the extent the cargo handled in the port can reach its hinterland destination (e.g. Acciaro & McKinnon, 2013). The importance of hinterland connections has been recognised as one of the most critical issues in port competitiveness and development in most ports around the world. Upgrading of...

  • Report  |   2007

    Infrastructure to 2030 (Volume 2): Mapping Policy for Electricity, Water and Transport

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    Infrastructure systems play a vital role in economic and social development. Demand for infrastructure is set to continue to expand significantly in the decades ahead, driven by major factors of change such as global economic growth, technological progress, climate change, urbanisation and growing congestion. However, challenges abound: many...

  • Report  |   2015

    Overcoming Barriers to International Investment in Clean Energy

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The perceived potential of clean energy to support employment in the post-crisis recovery context has led several OECD and emerging economies to design green industrial policies aimed at protecting domestic manufacturers, notably through local-content requirements (LCRs). These typically require solar or wind developers to source a specific share...

  • Report  |   2015

    Towards a Framework for the Governance and Delivery of Infrastructure

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    In response to discussions on the need for further study on how to think about infrastructure governance and modality choice at the 2014 Annual Meeting of Senior PPP Officials in Paris on 17-18 February 2014, this paper sets out a draft framework for the public governance and delivery of infrastructure. The ambition is to harness OECD countries’...

  • Report  |   2018

    Consumer Protection Enforcement in A Global Digital Marketplace

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This report examines information on consumer protection enforcement authorities of OECD member and non-member countries, especially on the ability of these authorities to co-operate across borders. It is based on questionnaire responses from 31 countries, supplemented by additional research. It has been prepared to support a review of the 2003...

  • Report  |   2018

    Assessing the Effectiveness of Environmental Provisions in Regional Trade Agreements- An Empirical Analysis

    Author(s): Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada

    This report aims to test whether the inclusion of environmental provisions in Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) has contributed to the improvement of environmental quality among the Parties to these agreements through empirical modelling and analysis. Three indicators are considered as a proxy for environmental quality: concentrations of suspended...

  • Report  |   2018

    Digital Trade and Market Openness

    Author(s): González, Javier López ; Ferencz, Janos

    This paper aims to provide policy makers with a broad overview of the issues that the digital transformation raises for trade with a view to informing how these might be reflected in trade policy design. It discusses how digitalisation has changed international trade and provides estimates of the impact of increased digital connectivity on trade...

  • Report  |   2018

    International Trade and the Transition to a More Resource Efficient and Circular Economy: A Concept Paper

    Author(s): Yamaguchi, Shunta

    The transition towards a more resource efficient and circular economy has broad linkages with international trade through the emergence of global value chains as well as trade in second-hand goods, end-of-life products, secondary materials and waste. Despite of the potential linkages between trade and the circular economy, the existing research...

  • Report  |   2018

    Building a Stronger and More Integrated Europe

    Author(s): Sánchez, Aida Caldera

    Europe’s economy is finally growing robustly. These positive developments provide an opportunity to renew efforts to meet the long-term challenges facing the European Union (EU). The EU’s record on reducing regional income disparities is mixed and this explains some of citizens’ discontent with the European project. Reforming cohesion policy by...

  • Book  |   August 2018

    Enhancing Connectivity through Transport Infrastructure: The Role of Official Development Finance and Private Investment

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    Cross-border or long-distance roads and railways as well as international ports and airports are needed to move products and people around in a globalised world. The OECD recently published a report, "Enhancing Connectivity Transport Infrastructure: The Role of Official Development Finance and Private Investment", which takes stock of...

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