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  • Report  |   2015

    Digital Economy Study in Central and West Asia: Unleashing the Potential of the Internet in Central Asia, South Asia, the Caucasus and Beyond

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Internet Society (ISOC)

    This report assessed the status of subregional Internet ecosystems and the level of progress toward achieving a digital economy (in which the Internet is the underlying driver of all sectors across an economy) and identified key elements to transition from a basic Internet economy to a thriving digital economy and society. ICT Asian Development...

  • Report  |   2015

    Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2015

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    This latest biennial Review sets out transport developments in the Asia-Pacific region and serves as a mechanism for reporting on the provision of transport infrastructure and services; the challenges remaining in regional, urban and rural connectivity; and public health issues, such as road safety and emission pollutions. The Review finds that...

  • Report  |   2013

    Recent Developments and Trends in International Maritime Transport Affecting Trade of Developing Countries

    Author(s): UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch

    The report, which mainly draw on the UNCTAD publication "Review  of Maritime Transport 2012", looks at four different but interlinked aspects of the transport of global trade: trends observed in the demand for maritime transport services; the participation of different maritime countries in several specialized industries; recent...

  • Report  |   2013

    The Way to the Ocean: Transit Corridors Servicing the Trade of Landlocked Developing Countries

    Author(s): UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch (Transport Section)

    The paper looks at selected East African transit corridors which provide access to seaports as gateways to link landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) with overseas trading partners.  Transport UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch (Transport Section) Download PDF http://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=591 transit corridor...

  • Report  |   2015

    Trade in ICT Goods and the 2015 Expansion of the WTO Information Technology Agreement

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    The WTO Information Technology Agreement (ITA) was extended in July 2015 with the goal of expanding the number of products that will enjoy duty free treatment when imported into economies that are members of the agreement. This note provides a first comparison of trade in ICT goods as defined by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development...

  • Report  |   2015

    Secretariat Discussion Paper for the Open-Ended Working Group on the Asia-Pacific Information Superhighway

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    This is the Secretariat discussion paper for the open-ended Working Group on the Asia-Pacific Information Superhighway of the First meeting of the Working Group on the Asia-Pacific Information Superhighway held in Incheon, Republic of Korea on 1-2 September 2015. ICT United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Download...

  • Presentation  |   2015

    Presentation on UN ESCAP – ISOC Study, Unleashing the Potential of the Internet in Central Asia and Beyond

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    ICT United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Download PDF http://www.unescap.org/resources/presentation-un-escap-%E2%80%93-isoc-study-unleashing-potential-internet-central-asia-and-beyon Asia-Pacific Information Superhighway AP-IS Internet access International connectivity digital connectivity Internet penetration...

  • Report  |   2015

    Facilitating the Participation of Landlocked Developing Countries in Commodity Value Chains

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) face multiple trade and development challenges. In addition to their geographical predicaments and remoteness from international markets, most of these countries are commodity dependent. Primary commodities accounted for more than half of the exports of 27 out of 32 LLDCs in 2011–2013, and resource-based...

  • Report  |   2013

    Global Value Chains in A Changing World

    Author(s): Low, Patrick ; Elms, Deborah K.

    Global value chains are a major driving force of globalization. This volume is the product of a dialogue with policy makers in the Asian region, where economists, political scientists, management specialists, development thinkers and business executives joined together in an exploration of the multiple dimensions of supply chains: what drives...

  • Report  |   2013

    Airport Capacity Expansion Strategies in the Era of Airline Multi-hub Networks

    Author(s): Burghouwt, Guillaume

    Many major airports are hubs for network carriers at the same time as serving a large local market. The complementarity between these functions is often seen as a prerequisite for viable hub operations, suggesting that spreading the hub network over multiple airports can be very costly and damages the corner stone of the hub operation: the...

  • Report  |   2015

    Port Hinterland Connectivity

    Author(s): Merk, Olaf ; Notteboom, Theo

    The competitiveness of a seaport depends on the extent the cargo handled in the port can reach its hinterland destination (e.g. Acciaro & McKinnon, 2013). The importance of hinterland connections has been recognised as one of the most critical issues in port competitiveness and development in most ports around the world. Upgrading of...

  • Report  |   2013

    Road Connectivity and the Border Effect

    Author(s): Braconier, Henrik ; Pisu, Mauro

    Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or “as-crows-fly” – distance. Road distances for 48 180 European city pairs have been extracted from Bing Maps Routing Services. As our dataset...

  • Report  |   2015

    Overcoming Barriers to International Investment in Clean Energy

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The perceived potential of clean energy to support employment in the post-crisis recovery context has led several OECD and emerging economies to design green industrial policies aimed at protecting domestic manufacturers, notably through local-content requirements (LCRs). These typically require solar or wind developers to source a specific share...

  • Report  |   2013

    G20/OECD High-level Principles of Long-term Investment Financing by Institutional Investors

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This document contains the final version of the G20/OECD High Level Principles on Long-Term Investment Financing by Institutional Investors which were endorsed by G20 Leaders at their Summit on 6 September 2013 in St. Petersburg, Russia. The Principles were developed by the OECD Task Force on Institutional Investors and Long-Term Financing. The...

  • Report  |   2015

    Towards a Framework for the Governance and Delivery of Infrastructure

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    In response to discussions on the need for further study on how to think about infrastructure governance and modality choice at the 2014 Annual Meeting of Senior PPP Officials in Paris on 17-18 February 2014, this paper sets out a draft framework for the public governance and delivery of infrastructure. The ambition is to harness OECD countries’...

  • Report  |   2015

    The Role of the Energy Charter Treaty in Fostering Regional Electricity Market Integration: Lessons Learnt from the EU and Implications for Northeast Asia

    Author(s): Bonafé, Ernesto ; Vanhay, Aurore

    This study has been prepared by the Energy Charter Secretariat to evaluate the role of the Energy Charter Treaty in fostering regional electricity market integration, to draw lessons learnt from the liberalisation of the EU energy market and assess relevant implications for Northeast Asia. The study was funded by Korea Energy Economics Institute...

  • Report  |   2013

    Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power Lessons from Europe

    Author(s): Bahar, Heymi ; Sauvage, Jehan

    The uptake of renewable energy (RE) has been identified by a number of governments as a primary means for mitigating CO2 emissions from the electricity sector, and for making the transition to a low-carbon economy. The electric power output of some RE technologies, however, including those based on intermittent wind and solar energy, can vary...

  • Report  |   2013

    The Case of Ireland-Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) – Regions and Innovation: Collaborating Across Borders

    Author(s): Nauwelaers, Claire ; Maguire, Karen ; Marsan, Giulia Ajmone

    The island of Ireland, which includes both Ireland and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom), is home to 6.4 million people and has a combined economic output of USD 205 billion. Several cross-border institutions were created in response to the 1998 Belfast/Good Friday Agreement to recreate functional economic linkages across the border....

  • Report  |   2013

    The Case of Helsinki-Tallinn (Finland-Estonia) – Regions and Innovation: Collaborating Across Borders

    Author(s): Nauwelaers, Claire ; Maguire, Karen ; Marsan, Giulia Ajmone

    Estonia and Finland have centuries of collaboration, mainly between the capital areas of Tallinn and Helsinki that currently account for 2 million inhabitants and USD 76 billion in economic output. The entry of Estonia into the European Union and, since the mid-2000s, a two-hour ferry trip, have both facilitated flows of people and merchandise...

  • Report  |   2013

    The Case of Hedmark-Dalarna (Norway-Sweden) – Regions and Innovation: Collaborating Across Borders

    Author(s): Nauwelaers, Claire ; Maguire, Karen ; Marsan, Giulia Ajmone

    Hedmark County (Norway) and Dalarna County (Sweden) are both rural, with the border being remote from regional centres. The total population of less than half a million inhabitants spans across almost 58 800 km², with an economic output of USD 22 billion. Efforts to support collaboration at the border focus on the sector of tourism that both...

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