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  • Report  |   2015

    Cross-Border Electricity Cooperation in South Asia

    Author(s): Singh, Anoop ; Jamasb, Tooraj ; Nepal, Rabindra ; Toman, Michael A.

    South Asian countries, facing challenges in efficiently meeting growing electricity demand, can benefit from increased cross-border electricity cooperation and trade by harnessing complementarities in electricity demand patterns, diversity in resource endowments for power generation, and gains from larger market access. The region has witnessed...

  • Report  |   2015

    How Much Could South Asia Benefit from Regional Electricity Cooperation and Trade?

    Author(s): Timilsina, Govinda R. ; Toman, Michael A. ; Karacsonyi, Jorge G. ; de Tena Diego, Luca

    The South Asia region is lagging behind many regions in the world in regional electricity cooperation and trading, despite the huge anticipated benefits. This study uses an electricity planning model that produces optimal expansion of electricity generation capacities and transmission interconnections in the long-term to quantify the benefits of...

  • Report  |   2015

    Digital Economy Study in Central and West Asia: Unleashing the Potential of the Internet in Central Asia, South Asia, the Caucasus and Beyond

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Internet Society (ISOC)

    This report assessed the status of subregional Internet ecosystems and the level of progress toward achieving a digital economy (in which the Internet is the underlying driver of all sectors across an economy) and identified key elements to transition from a basic Internet economy to a thriving digital economy and society. ICT Asian Development...

  • Report  |   2015

    Transport Policies and Development

    Author(s): Berg, Claudia N. ; Deichmann, Uwe ; Liu, Yishen ; Selod, Harris

    This survey reviews the current state of the economic literature, assessing the impact of transport policies on growth, inclusion, and sustainability in a developing country context. The findings are summarized and methodologies are critically assessed, especially those dealing with endogeneity issues in empirical studies. The specific...

  • Report  |   2015

    Highways to Success or Bypass to Waste: Estimating the Economic Benefits of Roads in Africa

    Author(s): Ali, Rubaba ; Barra, Alvaro Federico ; Berg, Claudia N. ; Damania, Richard ; Nash, John D. ; Russ, Jason Daniel

    This study develops and tests new approaches to the planning of infrastructure to maximize benefits and minimize negative externalities, particularly in rural areas. It explores several questions related to the impacts of infrastructure on welfare and poverty that are especially relevant for Sub-Saharan Africa. Reducing poverty in Sub-Saharan...

  • Report  |   2015

    Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2015

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    This latest biennial Review sets out transport developments in the Asia-Pacific region and serves as a mechanism for reporting on the provision of transport infrastructure and services; the challenges remaining in regional, urban and rural connectivity; and public health issues, such as road safety and emission pollutions. The Review finds that...

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    SAR Connect: The Security and Trade Facilitation Nexus: Options for South Asian Countries

    Author(s): Kerswell, Clayton Bryant ; Kunaka, Charles

    Depending on the nature of the threat and the type of transaction and transport, the ability to profile risk and the type of potential risk-mitigation intervention will be different. If the predominant risk is economic (undervaluation, for instance), a certain set of transactional data can help profile and identify high-risk targets. In such...

  • Report  |   2015

    Indicators to Monitor Deeper Regional Trade Integration in Africa

    Author(s): World Bank Group

    Stronger regional integration has been a policy priority in Africa for several decades. Closer trade links with neighboring countries promise to stabilize food markets, enhance profitable exchanges in light manufactures, reduce consumer prices, and help develop regional production networks. However, the implementation of existing integration...

  • Report  |   2015

    Introduction: Borders, Informality, International Trade and Customs

    Author(s): Cantens, Thomas ; Ireland, Robert ; Raballand, Gael

    This special issue deals with the “informal” cross-border trade in goods. Trading goods is an original human activity that precedes borders (Renfrew 1969). With the rise of nation-stateswith demarcated political boundaries, trade that crosses borders became regulated by government institutions such as Customs, with tariffs, quotas, or outright...

  • Report  |   2015

    Firm Productivity and Infrastructure Costs in East Africa

    Author(s): Iimi, Atsushi ; Humphrey, Richard Martin ; Melibaeva, Sevara

    Infrastructure is an important constraint in many African countries. Using firm-level data for East Africa, this Study re-examines the relationship between firm performance and impact of infrastructure. It is shown that labor costs are by far the most important to stimulate firm production. Among the infrastructure sectors, electricity costs have...

  • Report  |   2015

    Russian Federation-- A Sector Assessment: Broadband in Russia

    Author(s): Gelvanovska, Natalija ; Hohlov, Yuri ; Maciule, Vaiva ; Rossotto, Carlo Maria ; Shaposhnik, Sergei

    A first step in infrastructure planning is often to do a sector assessment.  This World Bank paper aims to advise the Government of Russia on the measures needed to develop broadband throughout the country in support of economic growth. It first examines the broadband market in Russia and preconditions for its sustainable development. Next, it...

  • Report  |   2015

    Trade in ICT Goods and the 2015 Expansion of the WTO Information Technology Agreement

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    The WTO Information Technology Agreement (ITA) was extended in July 2015 with the goal of expanding the number of products that will enjoy duty free treatment when imported into economies that are members of the agreement. This note provides a first comparison of trade in ICT goods as defined by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development...

  • Report  |   2015

    Secretariat Discussion Paper for the Open-Ended Working Group on the Asia-Pacific Information Superhighway

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    This is the Secretariat discussion paper for the open-ended Working Group on the Asia-Pacific Information Superhighway of the First meeting of the Working Group on the Asia-Pacific Information Superhighway held in Incheon, Republic of Korea on 1-2 September 2015. ICT United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Download...

  • Presentation  |   2015

    Presentation on UN ESCAP – ISOC Study, Unleashing the Potential of the Internet in Central Asia and Beyond

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    ICT United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Download PDF http://www.unescap.org/resources/presentation-un-escap-%E2%80%93-isoc-study-unleashing-potential-internet-central-asia-and-beyon Asia-Pacific Information Superhighway AP-IS Internet access International connectivity digital connectivity Internet penetration...

  • Report  |   2015

    Facilitating the Participation of Landlocked Developing Countries in Commodity Value Chains

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) face multiple trade and development challenges. In addition to their geographical predicaments and remoteness from international markets, most of these countries are commodity dependent. Primary commodities accounted for more than half of the exports of 27 out of 32 LLDCs in 2011–2013, and resource-based...

  • Report  |   2015

    Port Hinterland Connectivity

    Author(s): Merk, Olaf ; Notteboom, Theo

    The competitiveness of a seaport depends on the extent the cargo handled in the port can reach its hinterland destination (e.g. Acciaro & McKinnon, 2013). The importance of hinterland connections has been recognised as one of the most critical issues in port competitiveness and development in most ports around the world. Upgrading of...

  • Report  |   2015

    Overcoming Barriers to International Investment in Clean Energy

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The perceived potential of clean energy to support employment in the post-crisis recovery context has led several OECD and emerging economies to design green industrial policies aimed at protecting domestic manufacturers, notably through local-content requirements (LCRs). These typically require solar or wind developers to source a specific share...

  • Report  |   2015

    Towards a Framework for the Governance and Delivery of Infrastructure

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    In response to discussions on the need for further study on how to think about infrastructure governance and modality choice at the 2014 Annual Meeting of Senior PPP Officials in Paris on 17-18 February 2014, this paper sets out a draft framework for the public governance and delivery of infrastructure. The ambition is to harness OECD countries’...

  • Report  |   2015

    The Regional Balkans Infrastructure Study Update: Enhancing Regional Connectivity, Identifying Impediments and Priority Remedies

    Author(s): El-Hefnawy, Moustafa Baher ; Sekerinska, Liljana ; Epaneshnikova, Evgenia ; Ryskulova, Nargis

    In an effort to further develop the South East Europe transport observatory (SEETO) comprehensive network, integrate it in the European Union’s (EU) Trans-European transport (TEN-T) network and strengthen the underlying transport planning systems, a grant was awarded by the Western Balkans infrastructure framework (WBIF) for the update of the...

  • Report  |   2015

    The Impacts of Trade Facilitation Measures on International Trade Flows

    Author(s): de Sá Porto, Paulo C. ; Canuto, Otaviano ; Morini, Cristiano

    This paper analyzes the impacts of selected trade facilitation measures on international trade flows. A gravity model is used to estimate four equations: a pooled cross-section model; a fixed-effects model; a random effects model; and a Poisson maximum likelihood estimator. The contribution of the paper is twofold. First, the analysis uses a...

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