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  • Report  |   2015

    Introduction: Borders, Informality, International Trade and Customs

    Author(s): Cantens, Thomas ; Ireland, Robert ; Raballand, Gael

    This special issue deals with the “informal” cross-border trade in goods. Trading goods is an original human activity that precedes borders (Renfrew 1969). With the rise of nation-stateswith demarcated political boundaries, trade that crosses borders became regulated by government institutions such as Customs, with tariffs, quotas, or outright...

  • Report  |   2015

    Trade in ICT Goods and the 2015 Expansion of the WTO Information Technology Agreement

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    The WTO Information Technology Agreement (ITA) was extended in July 2015 with the goal of expanding the number of products that will enjoy duty free treatment when imported into economies that are members of the agreement. This note provides a first comparison of trade in ICT goods as defined by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development...

  • Report  |   2015

    Facilitating the Participation of Landlocked Developing Countries in Commodity Value Chains

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) face multiple trade and development challenges. In addition to their geographical predicaments and remoteness from international markets, most of these countries are commodity dependent. Primary commodities accounted for more than half of the exports of 27 out of 32 LLDCs in 2011–2013, and resource-based...

  • Report  |   2015

    Towards a Framework for the Governance and Delivery of Infrastructure

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    In response to discussions on the need for further study on how to think about infrastructure governance and modality choice at the 2014 Annual Meeting of Senior PPP Officials in Paris on 17-18 February 2014, this paper sets out a draft framework for the public governance and delivery of infrastructure. The ambition is to harness OECD countries’...

  • Report  |   2015

    Allocating Risks in Public-Private Partnership Contracts

    Author(s): Global Infrastructure Hub

    The objective of this Report is to provide additional guidance to countries, including both members and non-members of the G20, that wish to develop a programme of PPP transactions. The primary focus is on those countries with limited or no prior experience of PPPs, and the desired outcome of the Report is that those countries will have a useful...

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