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  • Report  |   2015

    A New Digital Trade Agenda

    Author(s): Meltzer, Joshua Paul

    The globalization of the Internet and the ability to move data across borders underpins an increasing amount of international trade. What constitutes digital trade is potentially very broad. It can include the use of the Internet to search for products, purchase them, and in the case of digital goods, deliver them online. In an international...

  • Report  |   2015

    Introduction: Borders, Informality, International Trade and Customs

    Author(s): Cantens, Thomas ; Ireland, Robert ; Raballand, Gael

    This special issue deals with the “informal” cross-border trade in goods. Trading goods is an original human activity that precedes borders (Renfrew 1969). With the rise of nation-stateswith demarcated political boundaries, trade that crosses borders became regulated by government institutions such as Customs, with tariffs, quotas, or outright...

  • Report  |   2015

    CARECCPMM Corridor Performance Measurement & Monitoring Annual Report 2015

    Author(s): Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Trade Facilitation

    In 2015, Corridor Performance Measurement and Monitoring (CPMM) program collected 2,784 data samples of commercial shipments across Central Asia, through the efforts of 12 national carrier and freight forwarder associations in 8 countries. The samples are comprised of road (75%) and rail (25%) data from across the six CAREC Corridors. What are...

  • Report  |   2013

    Recent Developments and Trends in International Maritime Transport Affecting Trade of Developing Countries

    Author(s): UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch

    The report, which mainly draw on the UNCTAD publication "Review  of Maritime Transport 2012", looks at four different but interlinked aspects of the transport of global trade: trends observed in the demand for maritime transport services; the participation of different maritime countries in several specialized industries; recent...

  • Report  |   2013

    The Way to the Ocean: Transit Corridors Servicing the Trade of Landlocked Developing Countries

    Author(s): UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch (Transport Section)

    The paper looks at selected East African transit corridors which provide access to seaports as gateways to link landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) with overseas trading partners.  Transport UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch (Transport Section) Download PDF http://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=591 transit corridor...

  • Report  |   2015

    Trade in ICT Goods and the 2015 Expansion of the WTO Information Technology Agreement

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    The WTO Information Technology Agreement (ITA) was extended in July 2015 with the goal of expanding the number of products that will enjoy duty free treatment when imported into economies that are members of the agreement. This note provides a first comparison of trade in ICT goods as defined by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development...

  • Report  |   2015

    The ASEAN ICT Masterplan 2020

    Author(s): Association of Southeast Asian Nations

    The vision for the ASEAN ICT Masterplan 2020 is to propel ASEAN towards a digitally-enabled economy that is secure, sustainable, and transformative; and to enable an innovative, inclusive and integrated ASEAN Community. ICT Association of Southeast Asian Nations Download PDF http://asean.org/asean-economic-community/asean-telecommunications-and-...

  • Report  |   2015

    ASEAN ICT Masterplan 2015 Completion Report

    Author(s): Association of Southeast Asian Nations

    ICT Association of Southeast Asian Nations Download PDF http://asean.org/asean-economic-community/asean-telecommunications-and-it-ministers-meeting-telmin/other-documents/ ASEAN Connectivity integration ICT Digital divide Physical connectivity Institutional connectivity People-to-people connectivity broadband Submarine cable e-commerce public-...

  • Report  |   2015

    Facilitating the Participation of Landlocked Developing Countries in Commodity Value Chains

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) face multiple trade and development challenges. In addition to their geographical predicaments and remoteness from international markets, most of these countries are commodity dependent. Primary commodities accounted for more than half of the exports of 27 out of 32 LLDCs in 2011–2013, and resource-based...

  • Report  |   2013

    Global Value Chains in A Changing World

    Author(s): Low, Patrick ; Elms, Deborah K.

    Global value chains are a major driving force of globalization. This volume is the product of a dialogue with policy makers in the Asian region, where economists, political scientists, management specialists, development thinkers and business executives joined together in an exploration of the multiple dimensions of supply chains: what drives...

  • Report  |   2013

    Airport Capacity Expansion Strategies in the Era of Airline Multi-hub Networks

    Author(s): Burghouwt, Guillaume

    Many major airports are hubs for network carriers at the same time as serving a large local market. The complementarity between these functions is often seen as a prerequisite for viable hub operations, suggesting that spreading the hub network over multiple airports can be very costly and damages the corner stone of the hub operation: the...

  • Report  |   2015

    Port Hinterland Connectivity

    Author(s): Merk, Olaf ; Notteboom, Theo

    The competitiveness of a seaport depends on the extent the cargo handled in the port can reach its hinterland destination (e.g. Acciaro & McKinnon, 2013). The importance of hinterland connections has been recognised as one of the most critical issues in port competitiveness and development in most ports around the world. Upgrading of...

  • Report  |   2013

    Road Connectivity and the Border Effect

    Author(s): Braconier, Henrik ; Pisu, Mauro

    Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or “as-crows-fly” – distance. Road distances for 48 180 European city pairs have been extracted from Bing Maps Routing Services. As our dataset...

  • Report  |   2015

    Overcoming Barriers to International Investment in Clean Energy

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The perceived potential of clean energy to support employment in the post-crisis recovery context has led several OECD and emerging economies to design green industrial policies aimed at protecting domestic manufacturers, notably through local-content requirements (LCRs). These typically require solar or wind developers to source a specific share...

  • Report  |   2013

    G20/OECD High-level Principles of Long-term Investment Financing by Institutional Investors

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This document contains the final version of the G20/OECD High Level Principles on Long-Term Investment Financing by Institutional Investors which were endorsed by G20 Leaders at their Summit on 6 September 2013 in St. Petersburg, Russia. The Principles were developed by the OECD Task Force on Institutional Investors and Long-Term Financing. The...

  • Report  |   2015

    Towards a Framework for the Governance and Delivery of Infrastructure

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    In response to discussions on the need for further study on how to think about infrastructure governance and modality choice at the 2014 Annual Meeting of Senior PPP Officials in Paris on 17-18 February 2014, this paper sets out a draft framework for the public governance and delivery of infrastructure. The ambition is to harness OECD countries’...

  • Report  |   2013

    Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power Lessons from Europe

    Author(s): Bahar, Heymi ; Sauvage, Jehan

    The uptake of renewable energy (RE) has been identified by a number of governments as a primary means for mitigating CO2 emissions from the electricity sector, and for making the transition to a low-carbon economy. The electric power output of some RE technologies, however, including those based on intermittent wind and solar energy, can vary...

  • Report  |   2015

    Allocating Risks in Public-Private Partnership Contracts

    Author(s): Global Infrastructure Hub

    The objective of this Report is to provide additional guidance to countries, including both members and non-members of the G20, that wish to develop a programme of PPP transactions. The primary focus is on those countries with limited or no prior experience of PPPs, and the desired outcome of the Report is that those countries will have a useful...

  • Report  |   2013

    The Case of Ireland-Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) – Regions and Innovation: Collaborating Across Borders

    Author(s): Nauwelaers, Claire ; Maguire, Karen ; Marsan, Giulia Ajmone

    The island of Ireland, which includes both Ireland and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom), is home to 6.4 million people and has a combined economic output of USD 205 billion. Several cross-border institutions were created in response to the 1998 Belfast/Good Friday Agreement to recreate functional economic linkages across the border....

  • Report  |   2013

    The Case of Helsinki-Tallinn (Finland-Estonia) – Regions and Innovation: Collaborating Across Borders

    Author(s): Nauwelaers, Claire ; Maguire, Karen ; Marsan, Giulia Ajmone

    Estonia and Finland have centuries of collaboration, mainly between the capital areas of Tallinn and Helsinki that currently account for 2 million inhabitants and USD 76 billion in economic output. The entry of Estonia into the European Union and, since the mid-2000s, a two-hour ferry trip, have both facilitated flows of people and merchandise...

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