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  • Report  |   2015

    Connecting South Asia and Southeast Asia

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    This report analyzes how closer regional connectivity and economic integration between South Asia and Southeast Asia can benefit both regions, with a focus on the role played by infrastructure and public policies in facilitating this process. It examines major developments in South Asia–Southeast Asia trade and investment, economic cooperation,...

  • Report  |   2015

    Digital Economy Study in Central and West Asia: Unleashing the Potential of the Internet in Central Asia, South Asia, the Caucasus and Beyond

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Internet Society (ISOC)

    This report assessed the status of subregional Internet ecosystems and the level of progress toward achieving a digital economy (in which the Internet is the underlying driver of all sectors across an economy) and identified key elements to transition from a basic Internet economy to a thriving digital economy and society. ICT Asian Development...

  • Report  |   2017

    Measuring Digital Trade: Towards A Conceptual Framework

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The Internet and digitalisation are fundamentally changing the way people, businesses and governments interact, including across borders. The growing importance of what is commonly referred to as ‘digital trade’ and the emergence of new (and disruptive) players has resulted in increased interest from within the statistics community and amongst...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade: Developing a Framework for Analysis

    Author(s): González, Javier López ; Jouanjean, Marie-Agnes

    This paper explores the definition, measurement, and policy implications of digital trade, proposing a tentative typology of digital trade that can be used to unpack transactions and analyse the issues. Digitalisation is changing what and how we trade: from digital delivery to greater physical trade enabled by digital connectivity. Online...

  • Report  |   2017

    Measuring and Analyzing the Impact of GVCs on Economic Development

    Author(s): Institute of Developing Economies ; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; Research Center of Global Value Chains ; World Bank Group ; World Trade Organization

    This flagship publication discusses how to better understand the ongoing development and evolution of global value chains (GVC) and their implications for economic development. This report is the result of intensive and detailed work in assembling and analyzing data on the structure of economies and their link to growth and trade. It reflects on...

  • Report  |   2017

    Asia-Pacific Regional Integration Index: Construction, Interpretation, and Comparison

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The study develops an index to measure the degree of regional integration in Asia and the Pacific (48 economies in six subregions). The index comprises 26 indicators in six dimensions of regional integration, i.e., trade and investment, money and finance, regional value chains, infrastructure and connectivity, free movement of people, and...

  • Report  |   2017

    International Single Window Environment: Prospects and Challenges

    Author(s): Bal, Abhinayan Basu ; Rajput, Trisha ; Alizada, Parviz

    An international single window environment will allow information sharing for both public and private sector stakeholders in global supply chains. Various international institutions have supported the implementation of national/regional single windows. The next logical step would be to internationalize and make them interoperable to allow for...

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    Global Value Chains along the New Silk Road

    Author(s): Vandenberg, Paul ; Kikkawa, Khan

    Central Asia is opening up rapidly with the completion of new transport corridors. Providing a passageway for goods between east and west, however, cannot be its main goal. It needs to attract investment to diversify its economies from petroleum and other natural resources. Other parts of Asia have developed by linking with global value chains....

  • Report  |   2017

    Aid for Trade at a Glance 2017: Promoting Trade, Inclusiveness and Connectivity for Sustainable Development

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; World Trade Organization

    This edition of Aid for Trade at a Glance focuses on trade connectivity, which is critical for economic growth, inclusiveness and sustainable development. Physical connectivity enables the movement of goods and services to local, regional and global markets. It is closely intertwined with digital connectivity which is vital in today’s trade...

  • Report  |   2017

    OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2017

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The biennial OECD Digital Economy Outlook examines and documents evolutions and emerging opportunities and challenges in the digital economy. It highlights how OECD countries and partner economies are taking advantage of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and the Internet to meet their public policy objectives. Through comparative...

  • Report  |   2017

    Investing in Climate, Investing in Growth

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This report provides an assessment of how governments can generate inclusive economic growth in the short term, while making progress towards climate goals to secure sustainable long-term growth. It describes the development pathways required to meet the Paris Agreement objectives and underlines the value of well-aligned policy packages in...

  • Report  |   2017

    Key Issues for Digital Transformation in the G20

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This report provides an assessment of G20 economies’ performance with respect to digitalisation (Part I) and examines some of the most pressing policy challenges in areas spanning from access to digital infrastructures to digital security to legal frameworks (Part II). Part III includes a set of 11 core policy recommendations that could underpin...

  • Report  |   2017

    OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 — The Digital Transformation

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    With some 200 indicators, the 2017 edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard shows how the digital transformation affects science, innovation, the economy, and the way people work and live. It aims to help governments design more effective science, innovation and industry policies in the fast-changing digital era. The...

  • Report  |   2015

    Towards a Framework for the Governance and Delivery of Infrastructure

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    In response to discussions on the need for further study on how to think about infrastructure governance and modality choice at the 2014 Annual Meeting of Senior PPP Officials in Paris on 17-18 February 2014, this paper sets out a draft framework for the public governance and delivery of infrastructure. The ambition is to harness OECD countries’...

  • Report  |   2017

    Breaking Silos: Actions to Develop Infrastructure as an Asset Class and Address the Information Gap

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    Policy and industry initiatives have been launched to build a better understanding of infrastructure at the macro and micro level. Taken together, all of these data sources and methods used in these initiatives may be applied to help close the data gap in infrastructure, charting a course forward that better describes investment expectations for...

  • Report  |   2017

    Asian Economic Integration Report 2017

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    Asia and the Pacific is leading a recovery in world trade amid the continued uncertainty surrounding the global trade policy environment. This year’s Asian Economic Integration Report introduces a new composite index to gauge the progress of regional cooperation and integration (RCI) in Asia and the Pacific. RCI plays an important role in...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade Facilitation: Paperless Trade in Regional Trade Agreements

    Author(s): Duval, Yann ; Mengjing, Kong

    Digital trade facilitation refers to the application of modern information and communication technologies (ICTs) to simplify and automate international trade procedures. It is rapidly becoming essential to maintaining trade competitiveness and enabling effective participation in cross-border e-commerce. This paper examines the extent to which...

  • Report  |   2017

    East Asian Integration: Towards an East Asian Economic Community

    Author(s): Dent, Christopher M.

    East Asia is a region of great global significance, currently accounting for around 30% of the global economy by most measures, e.g. production, trade, investment and finance. It has also become increasingly integrated in various ways. Integration at the micro-level has steadily progressed since the 1960s, as indicated by rising intraregional...

  • Report  |   2017

    Safely Connected: A Regional Road Safety Strategy for CAREC Countries, 2017-2030

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    A new framework for road safety aims to halve the number of fatalities on CAREC road corridors by 2030 (compared to 2010). Road accidents are the sixth leading cause of death in Central Asia., with a road traffic death rate of 10 to 25 per 100,000. A framework is needed for Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) member countries to...

  • Report  |   2017

    Aid for Trade in Asia and the Pacific: Promoting Connectivity for Inclusive Development

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The role of Aid for Trade (AfT) in promoting the growth and tradability of services is important, given that it is a major catalyst for inclusive economic and structural transformation. This report highlights emerging trends in AfT in the context of evolving trade performance in Asia and the Pacific. In particular, the impact of AfT on trade in...

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