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  • Report  |   2016

    In Search of Cross-border E-commerce Trade Data

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    This report explores possible sources of data for gauging cross-border e-commerce. Business-to-Business (B2B) e-commerce accounts for the dominant share of global e-commerce and is therefore also likely to be the most important component of cross-border sales online. However, as data on B2B e-commerce are generally scarce, attention is also given...

  • Report  |   2017

    Measuring Digital Trade: Towards A Conceptual Framework

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The Internet and digitalisation are fundamentally changing the way people, businesses and governments interact, including across borders. The growing importance of what is commonly referred to as ‘digital trade’ and the emergence of new (and disruptive) players has resulted in increased interest from within the statistics community and amongst...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade: Developing a Framework for Analysis

    Author(s): González, Javier López ; Jouanjean, Marie-Agnes

    This paper explores the definition, measurement, and policy implications of digital trade, proposing a tentative typology of digital trade that can be used to unpack transactions and analyse the issues. Digitalisation is changing what and how we trade: from digital delivery to greater physical trade enabled by digital connectivity. Online...

  • Report  |   2017

    Measuring and Analyzing the Impact of GVCs on Economic Development

    Author(s): Institute of Developing Economies ; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; Research Center of Global Value Chains ; World Bank Group ; World Trade Organization

    This flagship publication discusses how to better understand the ongoing development and evolution of global value chains (GVC) and their implications for economic development. This report is the result of intensive and detailed work in assembling and analyzing data on the structure of economies and their link to growth and trade. It reflects on...

  • Report  |   2014

    Closing the Distance: Partnerships for Sustainable and Resilient Transport Systems in Small Island Developing States

    Author(s): UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch

    The report, intended as one of UNCTAD contribution to the Samoa Conference and, more generally, to the broader sustainable development agenda of SIDS, provide information about the maritime transport situation in SIDS and underscores the strategic importance of this economic sector for SIDS economies and communities. This report provides an...

  • Report  |   2013

    Recent Developments and Trends in International Maritime Transport Affecting Trade of Developing Countries

    Author(s): UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch

    The report, which mainly draw on the UNCTAD publication "Review  of Maritime Transport 2012", looks at four different but interlinked aspects of the transport of global trade: trends observed in the demand for maritime transport services; the participation of different maritime countries in several specialized industries; recent...

  • Report  |   2013

    The Way to the Ocean: Transit Corridors Servicing the Trade of Landlocked Developing Countries

    Author(s): UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch (Transport Section)

    The paper looks at selected East African transit corridors which provide access to seaports as gateways to link landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) with overseas trading partners.  Transport UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch (Transport Section) Download PDF http://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=591 transit corridor...

  • Report  |   2014

    Maritime Piracy (Part I): An Overview of Trends, Costs and Trade-related Implications- Studies in Transport Law and Policy – 2014 (No.1)

    Author(s): Asariotis, Regina ; Benamara, Hassiba ; Premti, Anila ; Lavelle, Jennifer

    Piracy threatens the safety of navigation, and has broader implications for transport and trade across interconnected supply chains, as well as for energy and food security. Above all, piracy is associated with considerable human costs, as seafarers are the first to be affected by piracy attacks. Piracy disrupts transport and trade flows, as well...

  • Report  |   2014

    Maritime Piracy (Part II): An Overview of the International Legal Framework and of Multilateral Cooperaton to Combat Piracy- Studies in Transport Law and Policy – 2014 (No.2)

    Author(s): Asariotis, Regina ; Benamara, Hassiba ; Premti, Anila ; Lavelle, Jennifer

    The report provides a detailed overview of regulatory and other initiatives pursued by the international community in an effort to combat piracy. The importance of strengthened cooperation at all levels- not only in respect of maritime security measures, but also in terms of information sharing, effective prosecution of pirates and of the...

  • Report  |   2012

    Liability and Compensation for Ship-Source Oil Pollution: An Overview of the International Legal Framework for Oil Pollution Damage from Tankers- Studies in Transport Law and Policy- 2012 No. 1

    Author(s): Asariotis, Regina ; Lavelle, Jennifer ; Benamara, Hassiba ; Premti, Anila

    The report provides a detailed analytical overview of the existing legal framework and considers the potential benefits of accession to the most modern legal instruments in the field, which may offer Contracting States substantial compensation in case of an oil spill in their territorial waters or Exclusive Economic Zone. Trade Transport...

  • Report  |   2017

    Review of Maritime Transport 2017

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    The Review of Maritime Transport is an UNCTAD flagship publication, published annually since 1968. Around 80 percent of the volume of international trade in goods is carried by sea, and the percentage is even higher for most developing countries. The Review of Maritime Transport provides an analysis of structural and cyclical changes affecting...

  • Report  |   2015

    Trade in ICT Goods and the 2015 Expansion of the WTO Information Technology Agreement

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    The WTO Information Technology Agreement (ITA) was extended in July 2015 with the goal of expanding the number of products that will enjoy duty free treatment when imported into economies that are members of the agreement. This note provides a first comparison of trade in ICT goods as defined by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development...

  • Report  |   2016

    Broadband Policies for Latin America and the Caribbean- A Digital Economy Toolkit

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; Inter-American Development Bank

    This joint initiative by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the OECD seeks to encourage the expansion of broadband networks and services in the region, supporting a coherent and cross-sectorial approach, to maximise their benefits for economic and social development. Drawing on a wealth of experience from LAC and OECD countries, the...

  • Report  |   2017

    The Asian Economic Integration Cooperation Agreement: Lessons for Economic and Social Development

    Author(s): Santos-Paulino, Amelia U.

    This paper examines the impact of regional integration on development in the ASEAN economic community. The study presents a measure of bilateral trade balances showing that despite rapid trade expansion, imports have grown faster than exports resulting in a deterioration of the trade balances in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam- the less...

  • Report  |   2015

    Facilitating the Participation of Landlocked Developing Countries in Commodity Value Chains

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) face multiple trade and development challenges. In addition to their geographical predicaments and remoteness from international markets, most of these countries are commodity dependent. Primary commodities accounted for more than half of the exports of 27 out of 32 LLDCs in 2011–2013, and resource-based...

  • Report  |   2013

    Global Value Chains in A Changing World

    Author(s): Low, Patrick ; Elms, Deborah K.

    Global value chains are a major driving force of globalization. This volume is the product of a dialogue with policy makers in the Asian region, where economists, political scientists, management specialists, development thinkers and business executives joined together in an exploration of the multiple dimensions of supply chains: what drives...

  • Report  |   2013

    Airport Capacity Expansion Strategies in the Era of Airline Multi-hub Networks

    Author(s): Burghouwt, Guillaume

    Many major airports are hubs for network carriers at the same time as serving a large local market. The complementarity between these functions is often seen as a prerequisite for viable hub operations, suggesting that spreading the hub network over multiple airports can be very costly and damages the corner stone of the hub operation: the...

  • Report  |   2015

    Port Hinterland Connectivity

    Author(s): Merk, Olaf ; Notteboom, Theo

    The competitiveness of a seaport depends on the extent the cargo handled in the port can reach its hinterland destination (e.g. Acciaro & McKinnon, 2013). The importance of hinterland connections has been recognised as one of the most critical issues in port competitiveness and development in most ports around the world. Upgrading of...

  • Report  |   2013

    Road Connectivity and the Border Effect

    Author(s): Braconier, Henrik ; Pisu, Mauro

    Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or “as-crows-fly” – distance. Road distances for 48 180 European city pairs have been extracted from Bing Maps Routing Services. As our dataset...

  • Report  |   2007

    Infrastructure to 2030 (Volume 2): Mapping Policy for Electricity, Water and Transport

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    Infrastructure systems play a vital role in economic and social development. Demand for infrastructure is set to continue to expand significantly in the decades ahead, driven by major factors of change such as global economic growth, technological progress, climate change, urbanisation and growing congestion. However, challenges abound: many...

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