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  • Report  |   2017

    Measuring Digital Trade: Towards A Conceptual Framework

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The Internet and digitalisation are fundamentally changing the way people, businesses and governments interact, including across borders. The growing importance of what is commonly referred to as ‘digital trade’ and the emergence of new (and disruptive) players has resulted in increased interest from within the statistics community and amongst...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade: Developing a Framework for Analysis

    Author(s): González, Javier López ; Jouanjean, Marie-Agnes

    This paper explores the definition, measurement, and policy implications of digital trade, proposing a tentative typology of digital trade that can be used to unpack transactions and analyse the issues. Digitalisation is changing what and how we trade: from digital delivery to greater physical trade enabled by digital connectivity. Online...

  • Report  |   2017

    Asia-Pacific Regional Integration Index: Construction, Interpretation, and Comparison

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The study develops an index to measure the degree of regional integration in Asia and the Pacific (48 economies in six subregions). The index comprises 26 indicators in six dimensions of regional integration, i.e., trade and investment, money and finance, regional value chains, infrastructure and connectivity, free movement of people, and...

  • Policy Brief  |   2016

    Monitoring Regional Economic Integration in Asia

    Author(s): Rillo, Aladdin D. ; dela Cruz, Valdimir

    Regional economic integration is a process in which two or more countries agree to eliminate economic barriers, with the end goal of enhancing productivity and achieving greater economic interdependence. Given the diversity of Asia and the capacity constraints of countries in the region to manage integration, building an integrated Asian market...

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    Global Value Chains along the New Silk Road

    Author(s): Vandenberg, Paul ; Kikkawa, Khan

    Central Asia is opening up rapidly with the completion of new transport corridors. Providing a passageway for goods between east and west, however, cannot be its main goal. It needs to attract investment to diversify its economies from petroleum and other natural resources. Other parts of Asia have developed by linking with global value chains....

  • Policy Brief  |   2011

    Financing Infrastructure for Connectivity: Policy Implications for Asia

    Author(s): Bhattacharyay, Biswa N.

    In view of Asia's huge infrastructure needs, as well as the reduced demand for exports due to the ongoing global financial and economic crisis, infrastructure projects offer a way of increasing regional demand and intraregional trade. This policy brief proposes various ways to tap Asia's huge financial resources to fund essential...

  • Report  |   2013

    G20/OECD High-level Principles of Long-term Investment Financing by Institutional Investors

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This document contains the final version of the G20/OECD High Level Principles on Long-Term Investment Financing by Institutional Investors which were endorsed by G20 Leaders at their Summit on 6 September 2013 in St. Petersburg, Russia. The Principles were developed by the OECD Task Force on Institutional Investors and Long-Term Financing. The...

  • Report  |   2015

    Towards a Framework for the Governance and Delivery of Infrastructure

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    In response to discussions on the need for further study on how to think about infrastructure governance and modality choice at the 2014 Annual Meeting of Senior PPP Officials in Paris on 17-18 February 2014, this paper sets out a draft framework for the public governance and delivery of infrastructure. The ambition is to harness OECD countries’...

  • Report  |   2016

    G20/OECD Guidance Note on Diversification of Financial Instruments for Infrastructure and SMEs

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This document contains the final version of the G20/OECD Guidance Note on recommended policy steps to diversified financing instruments for infrastructure and SMEs. It was endorsed by the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Banks Governors at their meeting in Chengdu, China on 23-24 July 2016, and  also by the G20 leaders at the Hangzhou Summit...

  • Report  |   2017

    Safely Connected: A Regional Road Safety Strategy for CAREC Countries, 2017-2030

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    A new framework for road safety aims to halve the number of fatalities on CAREC road corridors by 2030 (compared to 2010). Road accidents are the sixth leading cause of death in Central Asia., with a road traffic death rate of 10 to 25 per 100,000. A framework is needed for Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) member countries to...

  • Report  |   2014

    Economic Corridor Development for Inclusive Asian Regional Integration: Modeling Approach to Economic Corridors

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The experience of economic corridors development from across the world can be of help for similar initiatives in Central and Southeast Asia. This publication looks at the experience of economic corridor development from across the world, including successful economic corridor developments in the European Union and South Asia Subregional Economic...

  • Report  |   2016

    Greater Mekong Subregion Mid-Term Review and Revised Regional Investment Framework Implementation Plan 2020

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    This report presents the mid-term review and third progress report of the Regional Investment Framework Implementation Plan 2014-2018. It discusses the status of 93 priority investment and technical assistance projects as of 30 June 2016. The document also contains the Revised Regional Investment Framework Implementation Plan (RRIF-IP) 2020 which...

  • Presentation  |   2016

    Cross-Border Infrastructure Connectivity: Needs, Facts and Challenges

    Author(s): Helble, Matthias

    Presentation content includes:  I. On the increasing need for cross-border infrastructure II. Empirical evidence for trade stimulus from improved cross-border connectivity III. Challenges of cross-border infrastructure projects and lessons learned Trade Transport Helble, Matthias Download PDF http://www.oecd.org/daf/fin/private-pensions/seminar-...

  • Report  |   2007

    Cross-border Infrastructure: A Toolkit

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank and Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility

    This toolkit has been prepared based on a learning program offered to middle and senior policy makers of the Great Mekong Subregion (GMS) under the Phnom Penh Plan in March 2006. The program had four focus areas, namely, policy and planning, finance, private sector partnerships, and regulation and accountability. Each area was covered by an...

  • Report  |   2017

    Influencing Air Connectivity Outcomes

    Author(s): Burghouwt, Guillaume

    The aviation network plays an important role in today’s globalised society. There is a growing understanding among governments worldwide that air connectivity is an asset improving the global competitiveness of cities, regions and countries. Connectivity growth decreases travel costs for consumers and businesses and facilitates global contacts...

  • Report  |   January 2018

    Financing Infrastructure in Asia: Capturing Impacts and New Sources

    Author(s): Yoshino, Naoyuki ; Helble, Matthias ; Abidhadjaev, Umid

    This book presents several country studies and explains how infrastructure investment can increase output, taxes, trade, and firm productivity. Governments throughout the Asia-Pacific region recognize the catalyzing role of infrastructure investment for sustainable growth. Yet, they are faced with the problem of financing new infrastructure. This...

  • Report  |   2018

    Review of Configuration of the Greater Mekong Subregion Economic Corridors

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    This review recommends possible extension and/or realignment of economic corridors to enhance their effectiveness and efficiency in advancing economic integration in the Greater Mekong Subregion. The economic corridor approach was adopted by the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) countries in 1998 to help accelerate subregional development. The...

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