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  • Report  |   2016

    Competitiveness of South Asia’s Container Ports: A Comprehensive Assessment of Performance, Drivers, and Costs

    Author(s): Herrera Dappe, Matías ; Suárez-Alemán, Ancor

    South Asia's trade almost doubled in the past decade, but the share of trade in GDP is still smaller (47 percent) than in East Asia (55 percent), and South Asia's economic competitiveness continues to lag that of other regions. Part of the problem is the region's container ports. As a result of inefficiencies, the average cost of...

  • Report  |   2014

    Improving Trade and Transport for Landlocked Developing Countries: A Ten-Year Review

    Author(s): Dairabayeva, Karlygash Serikovna

    Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) are completely dependent on their transit neighbors' infrastructure and administrative procedures to transport their goods to port. This publication provides a comprehensive ten-year review in order to assess the progress made in improving access of LLDCs to global markets, identify the remaining...

  • Report  |   2011

    Logistics in Lagging Regions: Overcoming Local Barriers to Global Connectivity

    Author(s): Kunaka, Charles

    This report is based on two case studies carried out in Brazil and India on the impact of various strategies to reduce the cost of trade for small-scale producers. Small scale producers especially those located in lagging regions in developing countries lack easy access to efficient logistics services. They are faced with long distances from both...

  • Report  |   2014

    Trade and Transport Corridor Management Toolkit

    Author(s): Carruthers, Robin ; Kunaka, Charles

    A trade and transport corridor is a coordinated bundle of transport and logistics infrastructure and services that facilitates trade and transport flows between major centers of economic activity. Providing a comprehensive guide to tools and techniques for corridor projects is important, as the volume of such projects is likely to increase....

  • Report  |   2007

    Institutional Arrangements for Transport Corridor Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Author(s): Adzibgey, Yao ; Kunaka, Charles ; Mitiku, Tesfamichael Nahusenay

    Corridor efficiency is important to the competitiveness of most of the African economies, especially those that are landlocked. Corridors can be defined as a collection of routes linking several economic centers, countries and ports. While some are only road transport corridors, most of them include more than one mode of transport. The Sub-...

  • Report  |   2015

    Transport Policies and Development

    Author(s): Berg, Claudia N. ; Deichmann, Uwe ; Liu, Yishen ; Selod, Harris

    This survey reviews the current state of the economic literature, assessing the impact of transport policies on growth, inclusion, and sustainability in a developing country context. The findings are summarized and methodologies are critically assessed, especially those dealing with endogeneity issues in empirical studies. The specific...

  • Report  |   2014

    Reviving Trade Routes: Evidence from the Maputo Corridor

    Author(s): Sequeira, Sandra ; Hartmann, Olivier ; Kunaka, Charles

    This report draws on the successes and failures of the Maputo Corridor in Africa, and informs readers on the challenges of private sector participation in the corridor transport systems and the associated policy reforms required to improve corridor efficiency. Trade Transport Sequeira, Sandra; Hartmann, Olivier; Kunaka, Charles Download PDF World...

  • Report  |   2013

    Border Crossing Monitoring along the Northern Corridor

    Author(s): Fitzmaurice, Mike ; Hartmann, Olivier

    Border-crossing times in East Africa have been identified as a major constraint for smooth trade flows, both for regional trade and for international transit. Delays at borders disrupt efficient trade logistics, impacting on the transport costs and prices, and ultimately on trade competitiveness. In order to improve the efficiency of border...

  • Report  |   2008

    Lessons of Corridor Performance Measurement

    Author(s): Raballand, Gael ; Marteau, Jean-Francois ; Kunaka, Charles ; Kabanguka, Jean-Kizito ; Hartmann, Olivier

    This paper aims at presenting the methodological lessons of corridor performance measurement carried out in Africa. Based on current experience, the authors conclude that, while road drivers' trip diaries may be useful, the core of monitoring activities should mostly rely on existing consolidated data (customs and port data) and limited...

  • Report  |   2015

    Highways to Success or Bypass to Waste: Estimating the Economic Benefits of Roads in Africa

    Author(s): Ali, Rubaba ; Barra, Alvaro Federico ; Berg, Claudia N. ; Damania, Richard ; Nash, John D. ; Russ, Jason Daniel

    This study develops and tests new approaches to the planning of infrastructure to maximize benefits and minimize negative externalities, particularly in rural areas. It explores several questions related to the impacts of infrastructure on welfare and poverty that are especially relevant for Sub-Saharan Africa. Reducing poverty in Sub-Saharan...

  • Report  |   2013

    Corridor Transport Observatory Guidelines

    Author(s): Hartmann, Olivier

    The Northern Corridor, connecting East Africa to the World through the port of Mombasa, is one of the oldest corridor authorities in Africa, as it was established in 1985. Throughout its years of existence, it has been a source of ideas and knowledge that contributed to the thinking on trade facilitation. To a large extent, it is the birthplace...

  • Report  |   2013

    Quantitative Analysis of Road Transport Agreements (QuARTA)

    Author(s): Kunaka, Charles ; Tanase, Virginia ; Latrille, Pierre ; Krausz, Peter

    Road freight transport is indispensable to international economic cooperation and foreign trade. Across all continents, it is commonly used for short and medium distances and in long distance haulage when minimizing time is important. In all instances governments play a critical role in ensuring the competitive advantage of private sector...

  • Report  |   2013

    Guidelines for Mainstreaming Road Safety in Regional Trade Road Corridors

    Author(s): Breen, Jeanne M. ; Humphreys, Richard Martin ; Melibaeva, Sevara

    The global crisis of road traffic injury is escalating in low-income and middle income countries to devastating effect; with road traffic crashes a leading cause of death. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1.24 million people were killed on the world's roads in 2010 and between 20-50 million more suffer non-fatal injuries...

  • Report  |   2012

    Why Does Cargo Spend Weeks in Sub-Saharan African Ports? Lessons from Six Countries

    Author(s): Beuran, Monica ; Isik, Gozde ; Raballand, Gael J. R. F. ; Refas, Salim

    This study is timely because several investments are planned for container terminals in Sub-Saharan Africa. From a public policy perspective, disentangling the reasons behind cargo delays in ports is crucial to understanding:a) whether projects by the World Bank and other donors have addressed the most salient problems; and b) whether...

  • Report  |   2017

    Spatial Autocorrelation Panel Regression: Agricultural Production and Transport Connectivity

    Author(s): Iimi, Atsushi ; You, Liangzhi ; Wood-Sichra, Ulrike

    Spatial analysis in economics is becoming increasingly important as more spatial data and innovative data mining technologies are developed. Even in Africa, where data often crucially lack quality analysis, a variety of spatial data have recently been developed, such as highly disaggregated crop production maps. Taking advantage of the historical...

  • Report  |   2017

    Port Rail Connectivity and Agricultural Production: Evidence from a Large Sample of Farmers in Ethiopia

    Author(s): Iimi, Atsushi ; Adamtei, Haileyesus ; Markland, James ; Tsehaye, Eyasu

    Agriculture remains an important economic sector in Africa, employing a large share of the labor force and earning foreign exchange. Among others, transport connectivity has long been a crucial constraint in Africa. In theory, railways have a particularly important role to play in shipping freight and passengers at low cost. However, most African...

  • Report  |   2012

    The Impact of Demand on Cargo Dwell Time in Ports in SSA

    Author(s): Beuran, Monica ; Mahihenni, Mohamed Hadi ; Raballand, Gael ; Refas, Salim

    Long cargo dwell times in ports are a critical issue in Sub-Saharan African countries since they result in slow import processes and are bound to dramatically reduce trade. The main objective of this study is to analyze long dwell times' causes in ports in Sub-Saharan Africa from a shipper's perspective. The findings point to the...

  • Report  |   2010

    The Cost of Being Landlocked: Logistics Costs and Supply Chain Reliability

    Author(s): Arvis, Jean Francois ; Marteau, Jean-Francois ; Raballand, Gael J. R. F.

    In the last two decades new emphasis has been given to the economic impact of geography, especially on the cost of being landlocked. From a development perspective, understanding the cost of being landlocked and its economic impact is critical, since one country of four in the world is landlocked (almost one out of three in Sub-Saharan Africa)....

  • Report  |   2012

    Logistics Costs and Competitiveness: Measurement and Trade Policy Applications

    Author(s): Shepherd, Ben

    This paper examines the issue of measuring logistics costs from an applied trade policy research perspective, and identifies/maps the logistics-intensive sectors. It explores into a range of data sources and methodologies in an effort to move forward on the analysis of logistics costs from a trade policy research perspective. Going forward, it...

  • Report  |   2016

    Road Freight Transport Services Reform: Guiding Principles for Practitioners and Policy Makers

    Author(s): Tanase, Virginia ; Kunaka, Charles ; Paustian, Nina ; Philipp, Patrick

    Cost-effective and high quality transport systems are key to modern logistics. Their role can only be expected to grow even as the global economy goes through profound transformation in terms of how, where and when goods are produced or distributed. In many economies and at many different geographical scales, road transport remains the...

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