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  • Report  |   2015

    Towards a Framework for the Governance and Delivery of Infrastructure

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    In response to discussions on the need for further study on how to think about infrastructure governance and modality choice at the 2014 Annual Meeting of Senior PPP Officials in Paris on 17-18 February 2014, this paper sets out a draft framework for the public governance and delivery of infrastructure. The ambition is to harness OECD countries’...

  • Report  |   2016

    G20/OECD Guidance Note on Diversification of Financial Instruments for Infrastructure and SMEs

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    This document contains the final version of the G20/OECD Guidance Note on recommended policy steps to diversified financing instruments for infrastructure and SMEs. It was endorsed by the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Banks Governors at their meeting in Chengdu, China on 23-24 July 2016, and  also by the G20 leaders at the Hangzhou Summit...

  • Report  |   2017

    Breaking Silos: Actions to Develop Infrastructure as an Asset Class and Address the Information Gap

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    Policy and industry initiatives have been launched to build a better understanding of infrastructure at the macro and micro level. Taken together, all of these data sources and methods used in these initiatives may be applied to help close the data gap in infrastructure, charting a course forward that better describes investment expectations for...

  • Report  |   January 2018

    Compendium of Best Practices in Road Asset Management

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program member countries share best practices in road asset management, which aims to optimize economic benefits by minimizing maintenance and road user costs. This compendium presents the best practices for the introduction and development of road asset management based on a desk review of the...

  • Report  |   2010

    Critical Evaluation of Cross-Border Infrastructure Projects in Asia

    Author(s): Fujimura, Manabu ; Adhikari, Ramesh

    This paper attempts to fill gaps faced by policymakers and practitioners in the evaluation of cross-border infrastructure projects. It first defines what constitutes cross-border infrastructure projects, and then outlines an analytical framework and criteria to evaluate them. The criteria identify additionalities and externalities specific to...

  • Report  |   2017

    Asian Economic Integration Report 2017

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    Asia and the Pacific is leading a recovery in world trade amid the continued uncertainty surrounding the global trade policy environment. This year’s Asian Economic Integration Report introduces a new composite index to gauge the progress of regional cooperation and integration (RCI) in Asia and the Pacific. RCI plays an important role in...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade Facilitation: Paperless Trade in Regional Trade Agreements

    Author(s): Duval, Yann ; Mengjing, Kong

    Digital trade facilitation refers to the application of modern information and communication technologies (ICTs) to simplify and automate international trade procedures. It is rapidly becoming essential to maintaining trade competitiveness and enabling effective participation in cross-border e-commerce. This paper examines the extent to which...

  • Report  |   2017

    East Asian Integration: Towards an East Asian Economic Community

    Author(s): Dent, Christopher M.

    East Asia is a region of great global significance, currently accounting for around 30% of the global economy by most measures, e.g. production, trade, investment and finance. It has also become increasingly integrated in various ways. Integration at the micro-level has steadily progressed since the 1960s, as indicated by rising intraregional...

  • Report  |   2017

    Safely Connected: A Regional Road Safety Strategy for CAREC Countries, 2017-2030

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    A new framework for road safety aims to halve the number of fatalities on CAREC road corridors by 2030 (compared to 2010). Road accidents are the sixth leading cause of death in Central Asia., with a road traffic death rate of 10 to 25 per 100,000. A framework is needed for Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) member countries to...

  • Report  |   2016

    Improving Regulatory Environment for a Regional Power Market in South Asia

    Author(s): Singh, Anoop ; Fernando, P. N. ; Wijayatunga, Priyantha

    For cross-border electricity trade in South Asia to be smooth across the region, policy and regulatory environments governing the power sector need to be harmonized. The paper critically examines the power sector regulatory and policy environment in the South Asian countries in the context of cross-border power trade. It identifies key issues...

  • Report  |   2017

    Aid for Trade in Asia and the Pacific: Promoting Connectivity for Inclusive Development

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The role of Aid for Trade (AfT) in promoting the growth and tradability of services is important, given that it is a major catalyst for inclusive economic and structural transformation. This report highlights emerging trends in AfT in the context of evolving trade performance in Asia and the Pacific. In particular, the impact of AfT on trade in...

  • Report  |   2015

    Greater Mekong Subregion Statistics on Growth, Connectivity and Sustainable Development

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    Timely availability of information, data, and indicators at the country and project levels allows for the measurement of progress – the achievement of policy objectives, as well as impacts and outcomes of target-driven projects. The primary objectives of the GMS Statistical Database are to - consolidate all relevant data in one portal to provide...

  • Report  |   2017

    Lessons from ADB Transport Projects: Moving Goods, Connecting People, and Disseminating Knowledge

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    From in-country to cross-country connections, whether by land, air, or water, transport is a key ingredient that enables nations to achieve economic and social development goals. ADB has been working with developing member countries to improve roads, airports, waterways, and other transport infrastructures to provide people with better access to...

  • Report  |   2017

    Evaluating Impacts of Cross-Border Transport Infrastructure in the Greater Mekong Subregion: Three Approaches

    Author(s): Fujimura, Manabu

    This paper presents three approaches to the evaluation of cross-border transport infrastructure in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). First, it estimates benefit-cost ratios for selected segments of economic corridors. The results indicate differing degrees of economic viability among different corridors. Second, it presents a panel data...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade in Europe and Central Asia

    Author(s): Tan, Shawn

    The Internet greatly increases firms’ potential to produce new goods and service for new markets. The Internet is also having a dramatic impact on services, especially in the retail, trade and finance sectors, by enabling firms to digitize their products and deliver them over long distances. This paper considers how the Internet can increase...

  • Report  |   2017

    Time, Uncertainty, and Trade Flows

    Author(s): Anson, Jose ; Arvis, Jean-Francois ; Boffa, Mauro ; Helble, Matthias ; Shepherd, Benjamin

    This paper quantifies the impact of international transport time on bilateral trade flows in goods using previously unexploited information drawn from a large dataset on international parcel delivery times. In line with previous work, we find that an extra day spent in international transit reduces bilateral trade by just under one percent at the...

  • Report  |   2015

    Cross-Border Power Trading in South Asia: A Techno Economic Rationale

    Author(s): Wijayatunga, Priyantha ; Chattopadhyay, D. ; Fernando, P. N.

    Diversity in primary energy sources in South Asian countries and their electricity demand patterns both  time-of-day as well as across different seasons open up opportunities for greater use of cheaper and cleaner  resources for electricity generation reducing fossil fuel use in the region. Such sharing of resources through  electricity trading...

  • Report  |   2015

    An Empirical Estimation of Asia's Untapped Regional Integration Potential Using Data Envelopment Analysis

    Author(s): Naeher, Dominik

    This paper uses directed bilateral flow data on multiple dimensions of economic integration to construct a composite index of regional integration outcomes covering 19 regions in various parts of the world. As a first step, the multidimensional indicator is used to rank regions according to their current degree of regional integration, which...

  • Report  |   2017

    Unlocking the Potential of Railways: A Railway Strategy for CAREC, 2017-2030

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The strategy envisions rail transport to become a mode of choice for trade: quick, efficient, accessible, and easy to use throughout Central Asia. About 25,000 kilometers of railway corridors connect countries within the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) region. CAREC countries export mostly to the European Union (33% of exports...

  • Report  |   2017

    GMS Economic Cooperation Program: Regional Investment Framework 2022

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The Regional Investment Framework 2022 (RIF 2022) is the medium term pipeline of priority projects in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). It is a consolidation and expansion of the earlier Regional Investment Framework (2013-2022) and continues to operationalize the strategic priorities of the GMS Program under the GMS Strategic Framework (2012-...

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