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  • Report  |   2016

    In Search of Cross-border E-commerce Trade Data

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    This report explores possible sources of data for gauging cross-border e-commerce. Business-to-Business (B2B) e-commerce accounts for the dominant share of global e-commerce and is therefore also likely to be the most important component of cross-border sales online. However, as data on B2B e-commerce are generally scarce, attention is also given...

  • Report  |   2014

    Closing the Distance: Partnerships for Sustainable and Resilient Transport Systems in Small Island Developing States

    Author(s): UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch

    The report, intended as one of UNCTAD contribution to the Samoa Conference and, more generally, to the broader sustainable development agenda of SIDS, provide information about the maritime transport situation in SIDS and underscores the strategic importance of this economic sector for SIDS economies and communities. This report provides an...

  • Report  |   2013

    Recent Developments and Trends in International Maritime Transport Affecting Trade of Developing Countries

    Author(s): UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch

    The report, which mainly draw on the UNCTAD publication "Review  of Maritime Transport 2012", looks at four different but interlinked aspects of the transport of global trade: trends observed in the demand for maritime transport services; the participation of different maritime countries in several specialized industries; recent...

  • Report  |   2013

    The Way to the Ocean: Transit Corridors Servicing the Trade of Landlocked Developing Countries

    Author(s): UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch (Transport Section)

    The paper looks at selected East African transit corridors which provide access to seaports as gateways to link landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) with overseas trading partners.  Transport UNCTAD Trade Logistics Branch (Transport Section) Download PDF http://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=591 transit corridor...

  • Report  |   2014

    Maritime Piracy (Part I): An Overview of Trends, Costs and Trade-related Implications- Studies in Transport Law and Policy – 2014 (No.1)

    Author(s): Asariotis, Regina ; Benamara, Hassiba ; Premti, Anila ; Lavelle, Jennifer

    Piracy threatens the safety of navigation, and has broader implications for transport and trade across interconnected supply chains, as well as for energy and food security. Above all, piracy is associated with considerable human costs, as seafarers are the first to be affected by piracy attacks. Piracy disrupts transport and trade flows, as well...

  • Report  |   2014

    Maritime Piracy (Part II): An Overview of the International Legal Framework and of Multilateral Cooperaton to Combat Piracy- Studies in Transport Law and Policy – 2014 (No.2)

    Author(s): Asariotis, Regina ; Benamara, Hassiba ; Premti, Anila ; Lavelle, Jennifer

    The report provides a detailed overview of regulatory and other initiatives pursued by the international community in an effort to combat piracy. The importance of strengthened cooperation at all levels- not only in respect of maritime security measures, but also in terms of information sharing, effective prosecution of pirates and of the...

  • Report  |   2012

    Liability and Compensation for Ship-Source Oil Pollution: An Overview of the International Legal Framework for Oil Pollution Damage from Tankers- Studies in Transport Law and Policy- 2012 No. 1

    Author(s): Asariotis, Regina ; Lavelle, Jennifer ; Benamara, Hassiba ; Premti, Anila

    The report provides a detailed analytical overview of the existing legal framework and considers the potential benefits of accession to the most modern legal instruments in the field, which may offer Contracting States substantial compensation in case of an oil spill in their territorial waters or Exclusive Economic Zone. Trade Transport...

  • Report  |   2017

    Review of Maritime Transport 2017

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    The Review of Maritime Transport is an UNCTAD flagship publication, published annually since 1968. Around 80 percent of the volume of international trade in goods is carried by sea, and the percentage is even higher for most developing countries. The Review of Maritime Transport provides an analysis of structural and cyclical changes affecting...

  • Report  |   2015

    Trade in ICT Goods and the 2015 Expansion of the WTO Information Technology Agreement

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    The WTO Information Technology Agreement (ITA) was extended in July 2015 with the goal of expanding the number of products that will enjoy duty free treatment when imported into economies that are members of the agreement. This note provides a first comparison of trade in ICT goods as defined by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development...

  • Report  |   2017

    The Asian Economic Integration Cooperation Agreement: Lessons for Economic and Social Development

    Author(s): Santos-Paulino, Amelia U.

    This paper examines the impact of regional integration on development in the ASEAN economic community. The study presents a measure of bilateral trade balances showing that despite rapid trade expansion, imports have grown faster than exports resulting in a deterioration of the trade balances in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam- the less...

  • Report  |   2015

    Facilitating the Participation of Landlocked Developing Countries in Commodity Value Chains

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) face multiple trade and development challenges. In addition to their geographical predicaments and remoteness from international markets, most of these countries are commodity dependent. Primary commodities accounted for more than half of the exports of 27 out of 32 LLDCs in 2011–2013, and resource-based...

  • Report  |   2017

    Information Economy Report 2017: Digitalization, Trade and Development

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    These are still the early days of the digital economy. But already it is clear that it has had, and will continue to have, globally transformative impacts on the way we live, work and develop our economies. As the world strives to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – our universal blueprint for building peaceful, prosperous...

  • Report  |   November 2017

    The Least Developed Countries Report 2017: Transformational Energy Access

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    [From the UNCTAD press release]: ​Expanding access to adequate, reliable and affordable sources of modern energy is essential if the world’s poorest nations are to escape the poverty trap. The world’s 47 least developed countries (LDCs) are falling far behind the rest of the developing world in terms of getting power to homes and businesses....

  • Report  |   2018

    Port Industry Survey on Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation

    Author(s): Asariotis, Regina ; Benamara, Hassiba ; Mohos-Naray, Viktoria

    Given the concentration of populations, assets and services associated with ports, the size and value of built infrastructure, and the key role of ports as part of the network of international supply-chains, responding effectively to the impacts of climate change on ports and their land-based access points is of strategic economic importance....

  • Report  |   2018

    Sustainable Freight Transport in Support of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    The fifth session of the Multi-year Expert Meeting on Transport, Trade Logistics and Trade Facilitation considered the linkages between trade logistics and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and discussed how best to leverage the sustainable freight transport dividend to enable effective implementation of the 2030 Agenda, the...

  • Report  |   2018

    Rethinking Maritime Cabotage for Improved Connectivity

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Connectivity is about possibilities for people, companies and countries to connect with each other. In the trade sphere, physical connectivity enables the delivery of goods and services to local, regional and global markets. Maritime transport connectivity determines the extent to which countries, markets, suppliers, buyers, importers, exporters...

  • Report  |   2018

    Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessment Framework for Caribbean Coastal Transport Infrastructure

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are heavily dependent on coastal transport infrastructure—including ports, airports, and their access roads—for economic activity. That same coastal transport infrastructure is often highly vulnerable to impacts of climate variability and change, including hurricanes, sea level rise, increased temperatures,...

  • Report  |   2018

    East African Community Regional Integration: Trade and Gender Implications

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    This report aims to analyse the impact of EAC regional integration on women’s well-being, with a focus on women’s employment. Both descriptive and quantitative analyses are used to this end. Chapter 1 introduces the background on the country and gender profiles. The country profiles section presents the major changes in the economic and social...

  • Report  |   2016

    Trade Facilitation and Development: Driving Trade Competitiveness, Border Agency Effectiveness and Strengthened Governance- Transport and Trade Facilitation Series, No 7

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Trade facilitation reforms improve a country’s trade competitiveness and the effectiveness of border agencies. In addition, they can directly help advance development goals such as strengthening governance and formalizing the informal sector. The present study identifies policies to help reap the full development-related benefits from trade...

  • Report  |   2018

    Technology and Innovation Report 2018: Harnessing Frontier Technologies for Sustainable Development

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

    The Technology and Innovation Report 2018: Harnessing Frontier Technologies for Sustainable Development notes that change is becoming exponential thanks to the power of digital platforms and innovative combinations of different technologies that become possible every day. This opens exciting possibilities for the democratization of frontier...

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