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  • Report  |   2017

    International Single Window Environment: Prospects and Challenges

    Author(s): Bal, Abhinayan Basu ; Rajput, Trisha ; Alizada, Parviz

    An international single window environment will allow information sharing for both public and private sector stakeholders in global supply chains. Various international institutions have supported the implementation of national/regional single windows. The next logical step would be to internationalize and make them interoperable to allow for...

  • Report  |   2010

    Connecting Greater Mekong Subregion Railways: A Strategic Framework

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    This strategic framework develops a practical approach to railway integration in the Greater Mekong Subregion, provides GMS countries with an initial framework for achieving integration and interoperability, identifies priority initiatives, builds a platform for further dialogue and discussion between and among GMS countries, and provides a...

  • Presentation  |   2014

    ADB’s Initiatives on Promoting Transport Connectivity in South Asia

    Author(s): Iyengar, Kavita

    This presentation on the "ADB’s Initiatives on Promoting Transport Connectivity in South Asia" was delivered by Kavita Iyengar at the Regional Policy Dialogue on Strengthening Connectivity in Southern Asia held at Le Meridien Hotel, New Delhi on 19-20 November 2014. Trade Transport ICT Iyengar, Kavita Download PDF

  • Policy Brief  |   2016

    Monitoring Regional Economic Integration in Asia

    Author(s): Rillo, Aladdin D. ; dela Cruz, Valdimir

    Regional economic integration is a process in which two or more countries agree to eliminate economic barriers, with the end goal of enhancing productivity and achieving greater economic interdependence. Given the diversity of Asia and the capacity constraints of countries in the region to manage integration, building an integrated Asian market...

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    Global Value Chains along the New Silk Road

    Author(s): Vandenberg, Paul ; Kikkawa, Khan

    Central Asia is opening up rapidly with the completion of new transport corridors. Providing a passageway for goods between east and west, however, cannot be its main goal. It needs to attract investment to diversify its economies from petroleum and other natural resources. Other parts of Asia have developed by linking with global value chains....

  • Policy Brief  |   2011

    Financing Infrastructure for Connectivity: Policy Implications for Asia

    Author(s): Bhattacharyay, Biswa N.

    In view of Asia's huge infrastructure needs, as well as the reduced demand for exports due to the ongoing global financial and economic crisis, infrastructure projects offer a way of increasing regional demand and intraregional trade. This policy brief proposes various ways to tap Asia's huge financial resources to fund essential...

  • Report  |   January 2018

    Financing Infrastructure in Asia: Capturing Impacts and New Sources

    Author(s): Yoshino, Naoyuki ; Helble, Matthias ; Abidhadjaev, Umid

    This book presents several country studies and explains how infrastructure investment can increase output, taxes, trade, and firm productivity. Governments throughout the Asia-Pacific region recognize the catalyzing role of infrastructure investment for sustainable growth. Yet, they are faced with the problem of financing new infrastructure. This...

  • Report  |   January 2018

    Compendium of Best Practices in Road Asset Management

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program member countries share best practices in road asset management, which aims to optimize economic benefits by minimizing maintenance and road user costs. This compendium presents the best practices for the introduction and development of road asset management based on a desk review of the...

  • Report  |   2010

    Critical Evaluation of Cross-Border Infrastructure Projects in Asia

    Author(s): Fujimura, Manabu ; Adhikari, Ramesh

    This paper attempts to fill gaps faced by policymakers and practitioners in the evaluation of cross-border infrastructure projects. It first defines what constitutes cross-border infrastructure projects, and then outlines an analytical framework and criteria to evaluate them. The criteria identify additionalities and externalities specific to...

  • Report  |   2017

    Asian Economic Integration Report 2017

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    Asia and the Pacific is leading a recovery in world trade amid the continued uncertainty surrounding the global trade policy environment. This year’s Asian Economic Integration Report introduces a new composite index to gauge the progress of regional cooperation and integration (RCI) in Asia and the Pacific. RCI plays an important role in...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade Facilitation: Paperless Trade in Regional Trade Agreements

    Author(s): Duval, Yann ; Mengjing, Kong

    Digital trade facilitation refers to the application of modern information and communication technologies (ICTs) to simplify and automate international trade procedures. It is rapidly becoming essential to maintaining trade competitiveness and enabling effective participation in cross-border e-commerce. This paper examines the extent to which...

  • Report  |   2017

    East Asian Integration: Towards an East Asian Economic Community

    Author(s): Dent, Christopher M.

    East Asia is a region of great global significance, currently accounting for around 30% of the global economy by most measures, e.g. production, trade, investment and finance. It has also become increasingly integrated in various ways. Integration at the micro-level has steadily progressed since the 1960s, as indicated by rising intraregional...

  • Report  |   2017

    Safely Connected: A Regional Road Safety Strategy for CAREC Countries, 2017-2030

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    A new framework for road safety aims to halve the number of fatalities on CAREC road corridors by 2030 (compared to 2010). Road accidents are the sixth leading cause of death in Central Asia., with a road traffic death rate of 10 to 25 per 100,000. A framework is needed for Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) member countries to...

  • Report  |   2016

    Improving Regulatory Environment for a Regional Power Market in South Asia

    Author(s): Singh, Anoop ; Fernando, P. N. ; Wijayatunga, Priyantha

    For cross-border electricity trade in South Asia to be smooth across the region, policy and regulatory environments governing the power sector need to be harmonized. The paper critically examines the power sector regulatory and policy environment in the South Asian countries in the context of cross-border power trade. It identifies key issues...

  • Report  |   2017

    Aid for Trade in Asia and the Pacific: Promoting Connectivity for Inclusive Development

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The role of Aid for Trade (AfT) in promoting the growth and tradability of services is important, given that it is a major catalyst for inclusive economic and structural transformation. This report highlights emerging trends in AfT in the context of evolving trade performance in Asia and the Pacific. In particular, the impact of AfT on trade in...

  • Report  |   2015

    Greater Mekong Subregion Statistics on Growth, Connectivity and Sustainable Development

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    Timely availability of information, data, and indicators at the country and project levels allows for the measurement of progress – the achievement of policy objectives, as well as impacts and outcomes of target-driven projects. The primary objectives of the GMS Statistical Database are to - consolidate all relevant data in one portal to provide...

  • Report  |   2017

    Lessons from ADB Transport Projects: Moving Goods, Connecting People, and Disseminating Knowledge

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    From in-country to cross-country connections, whether by land, air, or water, transport is a key ingredient that enables nations to achieve economic and social development goals. ADB has been working with developing member countries to improve roads, airports, waterways, and other transport infrastructures to provide people with better access to...

  • Report  |   2017

    Evaluating Impacts of Cross-Border Transport Infrastructure in the Greater Mekong Subregion: Three Approaches

    Author(s): Fujimura, Manabu

    This paper presents three approaches to the evaluation of cross-border transport infrastructure in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). First, it estimates benefit-cost ratios for selected segments of economic corridors. The results indicate differing degrees of economic viability among different corridors. Second, it presents a panel data...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade in Europe and Central Asia

    Author(s): Tan, Shawn

    The Internet greatly increases firms’ potential to produce new goods and service for new markets. The Internet is also having a dramatic impact on services, especially in the retail, trade and finance sectors, by enabling firms to digitize their products and deliver them over long distances. This paper considers how the Internet can increase...

  • Report  |   2017

    Time, Uncertainty, and Trade Flows

    Author(s): Anson, Jose ; Arvis, Jean-Francois ; Boffa, Mauro ; Helble, Matthias ; Shepherd, Benjamin

    This paper quantifies the impact of international transport time on bilateral trade flows in goods using previously unexploited information drawn from a large dataset on international parcel delivery times. In line with previous work, we find that an extra day spent in international transit reduces bilateral trade by just under one percent at the...


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