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  • Report  |   2015

    Digital Economy Study in Central and West Asia: Unleashing the Potential of the Internet in Central Asia, South Asia, the Caucasus and Beyond

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Internet Society (ISOC)

    This report assessed the status of subregional Internet ecosystems and the level of progress toward achieving a digital economy (in which the Internet is the underlying driver of all sectors across an economy) and identified key elements to transition from a basic Internet economy to a thriving digital economy and society. ICT Asian Development...

  • Report  |   2012

    Infrastructure for Asian Connectivity

    Author(s): Bhattacharyay, Biswa Nath ; Kawai, Masahiro ; Nag, Rajat M

    This book addresses the prospects and challenges concerning both soft and hard infrastructure development in Asia and provides a framework for achieving Asian connectivity through regional infrastructure cooperation towards a seamless Asia. Key topics include:- demand estimates of national and regional infrastructure in transport, electricity,...

  • Report  |   2010

    Institutions for Asian Connectivity

    Author(s): Bhattacharyay, Biswa Nath

    To make Asia more economically sustainable and resilient against external shocks, regional economies need to be rebalanced toward regional demand- and trade-driven growth through increased regional connectivity. The effectiveness of connectivity depends on the quality of hard and soft infrastructure. Of particular importance in terms of soft...

  • Report  |   2014

    Connecting Central Asia with Economic Centers

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    This report by the Asian Development Bank Institute offers a macroeconomic overview of Central Asia from 1990 to the present; examines trade ties between Central Asia and economic centers; analyzes foreign direct investment links; examines finance, infrastructure, migration, institutions, and other linkages; and provides key policy...

  • Report  |   2016

    Connecting Asia: Infrastructure for Integrating South and Southeast Asia

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    This book analyses how closer regional connectivity and economic integration between South Asia and Southeast Asia can benefit both regions, with a focus on the role played by infrastructure and public policies in facilitating this process. Connecting Asia: Infrastructure for Integrating South and Southeast Asia analyses how closer regional...

  • Report  |   2016

    Operational Plan for Regional Cooperation and Integration (2016-2020)

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    This plan adjusts the implementation of ADB’s Regional Cooperation and Integration (RCI) strategy to meet recommendations of the midterm review of Strategy 2020 and ADB’s evolving strategic directions. It provides guidance for RCI operations in assisting ADB’s developing members harness increased benefits through improved cooperation and...

  • Presentation  |   2014

    ADB’s Initiatives on Promoting Transport Connectivity in South Asia

    Author(s): Iyengar, Kavita

    This presentation on the "ADB’s Initiatives on Promoting Transport Connectivity in South Asia" was delivered by Kavita Iyengar at the Regional Policy Dialogue on Strengthening Connectivity in Southern Asia held at Le Meridien Hotel, New Delhi on 19-20 November 2014. Trade Transport ICT Iyengar, Kavita Download PDF

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    Global Value Chains along the New Silk Road

    Author(s): Vandenberg, Paul ; Kikkawa, Khan

    Central Asia is opening up rapidly with the completion of new transport corridors. Providing a passageway for goods between east and west, however, cannot be its main goal. It needs to attract investment to diversify its economies from petroleum and other natural resources. Other parts of Asia have developed by linking with global value chains....

  • Report  |   January 2018

    Financing Infrastructure in Asia: Capturing Impacts and New Sources

    Author(s): Yoshino, Naoyuki ; Helble, Matthias ; Abidhadjaev, Umid

    This book presents several country studies and explains how infrastructure investment can increase output, taxes, trade, and firm productivity. Governments throughout the Asia-Pacific region recognize the catalyzing role of infrastructure investment for sustainable growth. Yet, they are faced with the problem of financing new infrastructure. This...

  • Report  |   2010

    Critical Evaluation of Cross-Border Infrastructure Projects in Asia

    Author(s): Fujimura, Manabu ; Adhikari, Ramesh

    This paper attempts to fill gaps faced by policymakers and practitioners in the evaluation of cross-border infrastructure projects. It first defines what constitutes cross-border infrastructure projects, and then outlines an analytical framework and criteria to evaluate them. The criteria identify additionalities and externalities specific to...

  • Report  |   2017

    Asian Economic Integration Report 2017

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    Asia and the Pacific is leading a recovery in world trade amid the continued uncertainty surrounding the global trade policy environment. This year’s Asian Economic Integration Report introduces a new composite index to gauge the progress of regional cooperation and integration (RCI) in Asia and the Pacific. RCI plays an important role in...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade Facilitation: Paperless Trade in Regional Trade Agreements

    Author(s): Duval, Yann ; Mengjing, Kong

    Digital trade facilitation refers to the application of modern information and communication technologies (ICTs) to simplify and automate international trade procedures. It is rapidly becoming essential to maintaining trade competitiveness and enabling effective participation in cross-border e-commerce. This paper examines the extent to which...

  • Report  |   2017

    East Asian Integration: Towards an East Asian Economic Community

    Author(s): Dent, Christopher M.

    East Asia is a region of great global significance, currently accounting for around 30% of the global economy by most measures, e.g. production, trade, investment and finance. It has also become increasingly integrated in various ways. Integration at the micro-level has steadily progressed since the 1960s, as indicated by rising intraregional...

  • Report  |   2017

    Aid for Trade in Asia and the Pacific: Promoting Connectivity for Inclusive Development

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The role of Aid for Trade (AfT) in promoting the growth and tradability of services is important, given that it is a major catalyst for inclusive economic and structural transformation. This report highlights emerging trends in AfT in the context of evolving trade performance in Asia and the Pacific. In particular, the impact of AfT on trade in...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade in Europe and Central Asia

    Author(s): Tan, Shawn

    The Internet greatly increases firms’ potential to produce new goods and service for new markets. The Internet is also having a dramatic impact on services, especially in the retail, trade and finance sectors, by enabling firms to digitize their products and deliver them over long distances. This paper considers how the Internet can increase...

  • Report  |   2017

    GMS Economic Cooperation Program: Regional Investment Framework 2022

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The Regional Investment Framework 2022 (RIF 2022) is the medium term pipeline of priority projects in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). It is a consolidation and expansion of the earlier Regional Investment Framework (2013-2022) and continues to operationalize the strategic priorities of the GMS Program under the GMS Strategic Framework (2012-...

  • Report  |   2016

    ASEAN-ADB Cooperation Toward the Asean Community: Advancing Integration and Sustainable Development in Southeast Asia

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The partnership between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) will continue to support greater development and prosperity in Southeast Asia to enhance the lives of the region’s people. For the past 5 decades, ASEAN and ADB have both supported poverty reduction, sustainable development, and...

  • Report  |   2016

    Greater Mekong Subregion Mid-Term Review and Revised Regional Investment Framework Implementation Plan 2020

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    This report presents the mid-term review and third progress report of the Regional Investment Framework Implementation Plan 2014-2018. It discusses the status of 93 priority investment and technical assistance projects as of 30 June 2016. The document also contains the Revised Regional Investment Framework Implementation Plan (RRIF-IP) 2020 which...

  • Report  |   June 2018

    Closing the Financing Gap in Asian Infrastructure

    Author(s): Ra, Sungsup ; Li, Zhigang

    ADB in 2017 estimated a financing gap in economic infrastructure of $459 billion per year for Asia. The gap almost doubles to $907 billion with the expected need for funding of social infrastructure. Infrastructure investment in Asia, both in economic and social infrastructure, faces a massive financing gap despite the region’s high savings. The...

  • Report  |   2011

    Foreign Direct Investment in Cross-Border Infrastructure Projects

    Author(s): Fung, Kwok-Chiu ; Garcia-Herrero, Alicia ; Ng, Francis

    Comparative study of foreign direct investment in cross-border infrastructure in Latin America; Eastern and Central Europe; and Asia, including six case studies of investment in infrastructure projects in these regions. In this paper the authors critically review the relevant information and literature that can enhance the feasibility and the...


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