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  • Report  |   2016

    Promoting Regional Energy Connectivity in Asia and the Pacific

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    At its seventieth session, the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific endorsed the Bangkok Declaration on Regional Economic Cooperation and Integration in Asia and the Pacific, which promotes a comprehensive view of regional economic cooperation and integration. Energy connectivity, with its specific focus on transboundary...

  • Report  |   2014

    Improving Connectivity in SPECA Subregion: Challenges, Opportunities and Solutions

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    Improving connectivity between Afghanistan and Central Asia was the focus of discussions at the 2014 Economic Forum of the United Nations Special Programme for the Economies of Central Asia (SPECA) held in Ashgabat on 4 December 2014 in the light of the Afghan chairmanship of SPECA during 2014 and the beginning of Afghanistan’s Transformation...

  • Report  |   2016

    Master Plan for the Asia-Pacific Information Superhighway

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    The Asia-Pacific Information Superhighway (AP-IS) is an initiative to improve regional broadband connectivity, through a dense web of open access cross-border network infrastructure, integrating them into a cohesive land and sea-based fibre infrastructure with the ultimate aim to increase the international bandwidth for developing countries in...

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Trade in the Digital Economy – A Primer on Global Data Flows for Policymakers

    Author(s): International Chamber of Commerce

    ICC has developed this primer to assist policymakers in addressing the negative implications for growth from blanket restrictions to data flows. In addition, the paper stresses the importance of creating trusted environments to better enable use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and related data flows. The primer concludes with...

  • Report  |   2017

    Measuring Digital Trade: Towards A Conceptual Framework

    Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    The Internet and digitalisation are fundamentally changing the way people, businesses and governments interact, including across borders. The growing importance of what is commonly referred to as ‘digital trade’ and the emergence of new (and disruptive) players has resulted in increased interest from within the statistics community and amongst...

  • Report  |   2017

    Digital Trade: Developing a Framework for Analysis

    Author(s): González, Javier López ; Jouanjean, Marie-Agnes

    This paper explores the definition, measurement, and policy implications of digital trade, proposing a tentative typology of digital trade that can be used to unpack transactions and analyse the issues. Digitalisation is changing what and how we trade: from digital delivery to greater physical trade enabled by digital connectivity. Online...

  • Report  |   2011

    Guide to Measure the Time Required For the Release of Goods

    Author(s): World Customs Organization

    The WCO Time Release Study (TRS) is a unique tool and method for measuring the actual performance of Customs activities as they directly relate to trade facilitation at the border. The TRS thereby measures relevant aspects of the effectiveness of operational procedures that are carried out by Customs and other regulatory actors in the standard...

  • Report  |   2015

    Trade in ICT Goods and the 2015 Expansion of the WTO Information Technology Agreement

    Author(s): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    The WTO Information Technology Agreement (ITA) was extended in July 2015 with the goal of expanding the number of products that will enjoy duty free treatment when imported into economies that are members of the agreement. This note provides a first comparison of trade in ICT goods as defined by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development...

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Internet Crossing Borders: Boosting the Internet in Landlocked Developing Countries Executive Summary

    Author(s): Internet Society

    Trade ICT Internet Society Download PDF Greater Mekong Subregion Information Highway Landlocked Developing Countries trade obstacles transaction costs Customs systems fiber optic submarine cables INTERNET Information Technology Trade Facilitation single windows e-payments regional...

  • Report  |   2017

    The Asian Economic Integration Cooperation Agreement: Lessons for Economic and Social Development

    Author(s): Santos-Paulino, Amelia U.

    This paper examines the impact of regional integration on development in the ASEAN economic community. The study presents a measure of bilateral trade balances showing that despite rapid trade expansion, imports have grown faster than exports resulting in a deterioration of the trade balances in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam- the less...

  • Report  |   2017

    Asia-Pacific Regional Integration Index: Construction, Interpretation, and Comparison

    Author(s): Asian Development Bank

    The study develops an index to measure the degree of regional integration in Asia and the Pacific (48 economies in six subregions). The index comprises 26 indicators in six dimensions of regional integration, i.e., trade and investment, money and finance, regional value chains, infrastructure and connectivity, free movement of people, and...

  • Presentation  |   2017

    Logistics Information Network to Facilitate Logistics Connectivity (Recommendations from Regional Study)

    Author(s): Kim, Sooyeob

    Over the past several years, Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Viet Nam and Thailand (CLMV-T) have exerted efforts to improve their transport and logistics efficiency and inter-country connectivity including by practical actions and a more intense use of intermodal transport. However, transport facilitation among these...

  • Presentation  |   2017

    The New Framework Agreement on Facilitation of Cross-Border Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific

    Author(s): Stone, Susan

    Trade Stone, Susan Download PDF single window mutual recognition Trade Facilitation Policymakers Presentation United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific 2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Presentation  |   2015

    Developing the Single Window- Collaborative Platforms for Cross Border Trade

    Author(s): Pikart, Markus

    Trade Pikart, Markus Download PDF single window HARMONIZATION Customs STANDARDS supply chain Policymakers Presentation 2015-01-01 00:00:00 Belt and Road Initiative BRI

  • Presentation  |   2015

    ASEAN Single Window and Port Community Systems- for Effective Collaboration and Cross-Border Connectivity

    Author(s): Mee Wan Marianne, Wong

    Trade Mee Wan Marianne, Wong Download PDF single window integration e-payment Policymakers Presentation 2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Policy Brief  |   2016

    Monitoring Regional Economic Integration in Asia

    Author(s): Rillo, Aladdin D. ; dela Cruz, Valdimir

    Regional economic integration is a process in which two or more countries agree to eliminate economic barriers, with the end goal of enhancing productivity and achieving greater economic interdependence. Given the diversity of Asia and the capacity constraints of countries in the region to manage integration, building an integrated Asian market...

  • Policy Brief  |   2015

    Global Value Chains along the New Silk Road

    Author(s): Vandenberg, Paul ; Kikkawa, Khan

    Central Asia is opening up rapidly with the completion of new transport corridors. Providing a passageway for goods between east and west, however, cannot be its main goal. It needs to attract investment to diversify its economies from petroleum and other natural resources. Other parts of Asia have developed by linking with global value chains....

  • Policy Brief  |   2011

    Financing Infrastructure for Connectivity: Policy Implications for Asia

    Author(s): Bhattacharyay, Biswa N.

    In view of Asia's huge infrastructure needs, as well as the reduced demand for exports due to the ongoing global financial and economic crisis, infrastructure projects offer a way of increasing regional demand and intraregional trade. This policy brief proposes various ways to tap Asia's huge financial resources to fund essential...

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    MPFD Policy Briefs No. 48, April 2017 "Promoting investment in the Asia-Pacific Information Superhighway (AP-IS)"

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    The digital divide in Asia and the Pacific continues to widen over time. It affects ESCAP low-income countries (mostly LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS) which need ICT connectivity the most in their efforts towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In response, ESCAP member countries recently endorsed the AP-IS Master Plan and Regional...

  • Policy Brief  |   2017

    Trade Facilitation and Better Connectivity for an Inclusive Asia and Pacific (Highlights)

    Author(s): United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

    This publication investigates the evolution of trade costs, and reviews the state of play of trade facilitation and paperless trade in Asia and the Pacific. Trade facilitation increases trade flows, lowers trade cost, and ultimately contributes to sustainable and inclusive growth. This publication, jointly prepared by the Asian Development Bank...


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